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The umbilical cord It is the link between mother and baby. Thanks to him, the baby will receive food and oxygen. It will also be the only way you have to eliminate waste.
The umbilical cord keeps mother and baby in contact at all times, since it connects the fetus with the placenta. Only after delivery, the umbilical cord is cut and the baby begins to live independently.
The umbilical cord is a tubular structure, like a cord that connects the placenta to the fetus. Contains two arteries and one vein where blood, food and oxygen circulate between the mother and the baby and it is also the place where the baby gets rid of the excrement. The waste reaches the mother and the kidneys are responsible for eliminating them.
The umbilical cord is essential for the baby to receive everything necessary for its development. It begins to form in the fifth week of gestation and can grow to about 56 centimeters. It is 1 to 2 cm in diameter.
Various umbilical cord problems can occur during pregnancy. For example, false knots or cord prolapse umbilical. Knots in the umbilical cord are not a problem as long as the knot is not tightened. In the case of prolapse, the cord slips during labor before the baby. Pressure can decrease the amount of oxygen you receive. In these cases, delivery can end in a cesarean section.
The most common anomalies are cord twists. When the child is born with the umbilical cord wrapped around the neck, it is called the nuchal umbilical cord. It occurs in one in every five births and does not prevent vaginal delivery.
When the umbilical cord does not have two arteries, but only one, we speak of single umbilical artery. These babies are more likely to be born prematurely, have future growth problems, or have a congenital heart defect. It can also lead to a number of other problems with the spinal cord or chromosomes (such as Down syndrome).
After delivery, the baby has to start breathing on its own, feeding and defecating independently. The moment the umbilical cord is cut is the moment that marks a new life for the baby. Until now the umbilical cord was cut as soon as the child was born. However, recent studies have shown that it is better to do it when the cord stops beating (about two minutes after birth), as it helps to increase the hemoglobin and iron levels of the newborn.
When the baby is born, the umbilical cord is clamped with a special clamp and cut very close to the baby. In this way, an umbilical stump remains that the parents will have to monitor and take care of. This stump will take 7-21 days to dry and fall off on its own. Then there will be a wound that will take a few days to heal. It is not advisable to squeeze the umbilical stump clamp with a girdle or put anything on it that could cause a wound infection. It is best to let it air dry and do your best to keep it clean and dry.
The umbilical cord is a source of stem cells. Some of the latest medical advances work with these cells to fight some diseases, such as leukemia. Hence, many parents want to store their children's umbilical cord in private umbilical cord blood banks. However there is also the possibility of donate them to Hospitals with a public Umbilical Cord Bank where they will be stored to use if necessary.
The process to donate umbilical cord blood is simple and painless. Is about collect blood from the placenta before it is expelled. It does not pose any risk to the mother or her child.
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