Fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in the mother is one of the most common causes of mental retardation in babies, as well as Down syndrome or spina bifida.

One in every thousand babies is born with malformations due to alcoholism in the mother and one in every hundred may suffer serious alterations later, even if the mother drinks moderately or consumes alcohol during the days when she does not know she is pregnant, according to a Spanish study.

The fetal alcohol syndrome o Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by delayed growth, abnormal and characteristic facial features, and central nervous service dysfunction.

The mother's alcoholism, according to experts, is one of the most common causes of mental retardation, as are Down syndrome or spina bifida, and it is the only cause that could be completely avoided if women were to avoid drinking alcoholic beverages throughout their pregnancy. These manifestations become evident already during childhood but they will continue to be present throughout the person's life and increase the vulnerability of these people to psychiatric disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, depression, anxiety or even psychotic effects.

Recent studies found that even drinking less than one drink a week during the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of mental health problems, especially in girls. The specialists remarked that the consumption of alcohol by pregnant women can produce teratogenic effects - malformations - that affect the heart and brain.

Alcohol consumption also increases the risk of spontaneous abortion, low birth weight, childbirth and alterations in the nervous system.

You can read more articles similar to Fetal alcohol syndrome, in the Diseases category - on-site nuisance.

Video: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Physicians Perspective (December 2022).