Antibiotic abuse in infants and children

Antibiotic abuse in infants and children

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The antibiotics are drugs that fight infections caused by bacteria. Antibiotics cannot fight viral infections such as colds and flu. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria undergo changes that make the drugs used to cure infections stop working.

Bacteria resistant to most antibiotics are known as ultra-resistant. Resistance to antibiotics is becoming a common problem in many parts of the world due to misuse of them, when the treatment prescribed by the doctor is not completed, mainly when the doses are not taken on time or some are skipped , or when taking poor quality antibiotics.

The phenomenon is very worrying because infections by resistant microorganisms can cause the death of the patient, be transmitted to other people and generate great costs both for patients and for society. When antibiotics cannot fight the bacteria, which they are supposed to kill, the infection can last longer and the disease can get worse. If this occurs, the patient may need hospitalization and the antibiotics are ineffective, the disease could lead to death.

At the same time, your family members or others close to you could catch the same resistant bacteria and easily spread that difficult-to-cure disease. For this reason, every time you take antibiotics when you don't need them or misuse them, you are increasing the probability of creating resistance to antibiotics.

Antibiotics are acceptable to treat illnesses caused by bacteria. These diseases include infections such as strep throat, urinary tract infections, and ear infections.

Antibiotics are not necessary and do not work when the disease is caused by a virus such as colds, the flu (influenza), or mononucleosis. To feel better during a viral illness, it is advisable to use ibuprofen or paracetamol to reduce symptoms while the body is fighting the infection.

It is very important to follow the doctor's instructions carefully: dosage, administration schedule and duration of treatment. The recommendation is not to skip the doses or stop taking the antibiotic when the symptoms have disappeared due to the risk that the bacteria, which are still in the body, become resistant to the drug. Avoid saving some of the antibiotic for the next time.

To avoid contracting diseases by microorganisms, it is essential to be scrupulous with the rules of hygiene. Therefore teach your children too to wash your hands regularly, especially, before eating and after going to the bathroom, since viruses and bacteria are transmitted both by oral transmission and through tactile contact. Hygiene helps you stay healthy and prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses. Ask your doctor if you have all the vaccines you need and follow the official vaccination schedule to protect your children from diseases.

Marisol New. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Antibiotic abuse in infants and children, in the Health on site category.

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