Decalogue on childhood hyperactivity

Decalogue on childhood hyperactivity

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ADHD is gaining more and more relevance among the population, but sometimes the information that appears about it is not entirely true and can be confusing or disorienting.

The objective of this decalogue that we have elaborated is to break with prejudices and demystify opinions, in order to improve the general knowledge that the population has about this disorder: only 4% of individuals answer correctly when asked about what ADHD is .

1 ADHD has a neurological origin

New diagnostic techniques based on brain mapping have made it possible to identify the main areas of the brain affected by the disorder: the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia, the parietal cortex and the anterior cingulate.

2 ADHD affects both children and adults

It is estimated that about 7% of the child population in Spain suffers from this disorder and if it is not treated properly and the symptoms do not improve, adults also suffer from it. In fact, in 50% of cases the symptoms will persist into adulthood.

3.There are differences between boys and girls

For starters, boys are 4 times more likely to have ADHD than girls. In addition, the symptoms are different in each case: while hyperactivity is the predominant symptom in them, inattention is the most frequent in them. This makes detection difficult in girls, since the most problematic symptom in the environment is hyperactivity and not inattention.

4.20% of school failure is associated with ADHD

Due to the difficulty to memorize and focus attention, approximately 20% of these children have complications in mathematics, reading comprehension and writing.

5.It is an underdiagnosed disorder

ADHD lives a situation of underdiagnosis, since only 2.5% of children are diagnosed, of the 7% who are estimated to suffer from it. As a consequence, only 1% of those affected receive treatment.

6.Attention Deficit Disorder is chronic

ADHD is a chronic disorder. However, it is possible to improve and reduce the symptoms to the point that they do not limit the day-to-day life of those who suffer from it. To do this, the best way to improve the behavior of these children is by carrying out a multidisciplinary treatment, which includes pharmacological, psychotherapeutic with the child but above all with families and new techniques such as neurofeedback and neurostimulation.

7.ADHD can appear with associated diseases

Two out of three children who come to consultations for Attention Deficit Disorder also suffer from other disorders that are sometimes confused with ADHD, such as Oppositional / Negative Defiant Disorder (ODD), Behavior Disorders (CD) or Tourette Syndrome.

8.There are two children with ADHD in each class

This disorder accounts for 50% of the clinical population of child and adolescent psychiatry. By affecting so many school-age children, it is estimated that ADHD has between 4 and 7% presence in school, which would be equivalent to 1 or 2 children per classroom.

9 ADHD symptoms appear before age 7

Predictive behaviors of ADHD usually manifest before the age of 7 and must be present in at least 2 areas of the child's life, for example, at home and at school. The main symptoms of this disorder are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

10.A disorder that affects the family nucleus

A child with ADHD at home increases the most frequent conflicts, for example, between siblings: 46% of children with ADHD have a bad relationship with their siblings, a figure that drops to 26% if neither has the disorder.

You can read more articles similar to Decalogue on childhood hyperactivity, in the category of hyperactivity and attention deficit on site.

Video: Is your child hyperactive? (February 2023).