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Why Babies Under One Year Old Should Not Drink Cow's Milk

It is common for moms to have doubts when starting introducing foods into the baby's diet, especially in having the assurance that these provide your child with the necessary nutrients for their healthy growth. What about calcium, so important for bone formation? Cow's milk is often thought of as the main source of this mineral, however it is necessary for mothers to know the reasons why babies under one year of age should not consume cow's milk.

At birth, the baby has a digestive system capable of processing breast milk. Over the months, your body grows, develops and strengthens, however, before reaching one year of age, it is not yet in a position to properly assimilate the high loads of protein from cow's milk.

The protein concentration in breast milk is 1gr / 100ml, while in cow's milk it is 3.3gr / 100ml, so that the protein overload that the baby would be receiving will cause his kidneys to work incorrectly , subjecting it to the risk of suffering serious alterations by not being able to filter and excrete the surplus they receive.

Another important reason is related to the absorption capacity of iron. Although both breast milk and cow's milk contain an iron concentration of 0.1mg / 100gm of milk, the baby is able to absorb 70% of the iron in breast milk, while that in milk cow has a lower absorption, the baby only receives about 30%

Your digestive system is not able to process the fats contained in cow's milk, which, together with the protein overload, can cause irritation in the intestinal wall generating small blood losses and this, together with the low absorption of iron, can cause anemia, which has been proven through scientific studies.

On the other hand, this deficient processing of cow's milk proteins leads to unnecessary risks of intolerance and allergies at an early age, as well as chronic-degenerative diseases such as diabetes and obesity.

These adverse effects are not present if cow's milk is introduced as food for the child after one year of age, on the contrary, it is beneficial for their neurodevelopment to receive the fat from whole cow's milk, without skim and also helps to a better use of vitamins A and D.

From this age the intake of half a liter of milk a day is recommended, adding all the preparations in which it can be consumed (not only talking about liquid milk but butter, ricotta, cheese, cottage cheese).

While it is true that the initial infant formula milks that are given to babies who are not breastfed are made from cow's milk, it is processed and modified to make it the closest thing to breast milk. For this reason, some specialists consider it advisable to delay the consumption of cow's milk until one and a half years or, if possible, up to 3 years of age, incorporating in that time, continuation infant formulas, which have been enriched with iron and other vitamins, but they contain less protein than cow's milk.

However, these continuation or stage 3 formulas are not absolutely necessary since they offer no advantage over the consumption of cow's milk and a nutritious diet, in fact many of them report having DHA, which according to these companies is essential for the brain development, however, that has yet to be proven. So nothing replaces a healthy and balanced diet including all food groups.

You can read more articles similar to Why Babies Under One Year Old Should Not Drink Cow's Milk, in the Babies category on site.

The story of André and Cows Milk Protein Allergy

Lutein in pregnancy is used in the form of tablets to increase the amount of progesterone. The doctor decides to pharmacologically administer the hormone when the body does not produce enough of it. In this way, it is possible to maintain pregnancy until a happy termination.

Lutein in pregnancy, or what?

Lutein is nothing but progesterone, the corpus luteum hormone, one of the most important hormones, the amount of which increases at the beginning of pregnancy and which determines its proper course.

In each monthly cycle lutein is produced by the corpus luteum. The amount of hormone is regulated depending on the needs. In the monthly cycle, it decreases and increases, reaching the highest level after the third week of the cycle (about a week after ovulation). High levels of progesterone at this stage help in the fertilization and implantation of the egg in the uterus. After producing the placenta (after about 3 months of pregnancy), it takes over the function of producing lutein. If fertilization has not occurred, the level of progesterone drops sharply just before menstruation.

Lutein is responsible for body temperature. It is thanks to her that regular measurements of body temperature just after waking up allow you to accurately indicate the moment of ovulation.

Progesterone levels in pregnancy are constantly rising. Only its correct amount allows you to maintain pregnancy. The following values ​​are considered valid values:

1-28 ng / ml progesterone - after ovulation
9-47 ng / ml lutein during pregnancy - up to the 12th week of pregnancy
17-146 ng / ml lutein in pregnancy - 12-28. week of pregnancy
55-200 ng / ml lutein in pregnancy - over 28 weeks of pregnancy

Lutein in pregnancy - what does it decide?

A sufficient level of lutein in pregnancy is very important because it determinesmaintaining pregnancy, protects against miscarriage.

A deficiency of progesterone in a menstruating woman can effectively prevent you from becoming pregnant.

How to recognize a progesterone deficiency?

Progesterone deficiency is most easily diagnosed by exercising daily body temperature measurements. It is easy to say then that there were incorrect jumps or the luteal phase time was shortened. They should also be disturbing spotting between periods, irregular menstrual cycles, constant fatigue, irritability, decreased mood, decreased libido, deterioration of skin and nails. Also a warning sign are problems with pregnancy and miscarriage.

To confirm your progesterone deficiency, you need to check your level on the 7th day after ovulation (that is, when it should be the most). This test should be done three times within 24 hours, because the level of progesterone during the day changes dynamically and is not stable.

Lutein deficiency in pregnancy can be diagnosed by bleeding, spotting and severe stomach aches and cramps. To check hormone levels, a blood test is performed over several days to see if lutein levels are rising.

If a progesterone deficiency is found, the doctor orders supplementation orally (under the tongue) or vaginally.

Any way you take lutein has some disadvantages. Lutein in the form of tablets dissolves under the tongue for a long time, it leaves a distaste, while lutein in vaginal use often causes irritation and vaginal discharge. Vaginal use has the advantage of avoiding negative effects medicine for kidneys and liver.Often, the doctor decides about vaginal and oral administration. Most often there is a need to take lutein until the solution.

Factors that cause premature birth

Factors that cause premature birth

The factors or causes that lead to premature birth are multiple. Premature birth occurs when the baby is born before 37 weeks of age. Normally, a pregnancy is between 40-42 weeks, but lifestyle, type of pregnancy, illness, or personal medical history with miscarriages or premature births can cause preterm birth.

The causes underlying premature births are not always fully known. Therefore, physicians prefer to talk about risk factors that influence premature birth rather than actual causes.

Multiple pregnancy

When you are pregnant with twins or more babies, you are at higher risk of giving birth prematurely. If you resort to assisted human reproduction techniques you have a better chance of becoming pregnant with more babies. Almost half of the twin pregnancies and almost all those with more than 2 babies end up with premature birth.

Personal history of premature births

If you have been born prematurely in the past, you are at increased risk that the following tasks will also end prematurely.


Preeclampsia is the increase in blood pressure and protein in the urine after the 20th week of pregnancy. It is a very serious condition that can endanger the life of the mother or the baby. It also results in a myriad of complications that significantly increase the risk of preterm birth. The only treatment for preeclampsia is the rapid birth of the fetus.

HELLP syndrome

HELLP syndrome is a medical term used for one of the extremely severe complications of preeclampsia and is characterized by a disorder of the liver and blood clotting.

In most cases, this syndrome occurs after birth, but there are cases when it develops in the second part of pregnancy. In this situation it is necessary to give birth prematurely, both for the sake of the mother and the baby. Sometimes premature birth is extremely early, and the chances of survival for babies are very low.

Recurrent infections

These are mainly infections present in the abdominal area, specifically in the vaginal area, of the kidneys, bladder and urinary tract. Recurrence of infections in one of these areas may increase the risk of preterm birth.

Also, any type of fever above 38 degrees Celsius during pregnancy can trigger premature birth.

Chronic diseases

Many chronic diseases are associated with the risk of preterm birth. Therefore, if you suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus or others, your doctor will keep you under careful observation during pregnancy and will resort to premature birth if necessary.

Personal history of abortions

If you have had a miscarriage in the second trimester of pregnancy or more than two miscarriages in the first trimester of pregnancy, then there is a risk that your next pregnancy will end prematurely. There is a very high risk of recurrent abortion if you have a medical history with active abortions.

Obesity (overweight)

If you are overweight or have obesity, the risk of preterm birth is very high, even imminent. Overweight in pregnancy causes complications (gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, eclampsia, high blood pressure) that force doctors to resort to cesarean delivery and preterm delivery.


As you get pregnant at an older age (after 35 years), the risk of preterm birth increases. Pregnancy after 35-40 years presents many risks that make it impossible to complete the pregnancy on time.


Doctors have confirmed that smoking has disastrous effects on the fetus and pregnancy. Some of them are premature birth and implicitly the small birth weight of the child.

Uterine and cervical abnormalities

These involve abnormal forms of the uterus or cervix, but also uterine fibroids or too large or too small amounts of amniotic fluid.

If you suffer from cervical insufficiency, then you may need a procedure called a strap. This is a surgery done in order to keep the neck closed throughout the pregnancy. When the doctor considers that the baby is sufficiently developed in the womb, he will resort to premature birth. Very rarely, those who suffer from this problem carry the task to term.

Short break between 2 tasks

Specialists believe that too little pause between a birth and a future pregnancy can increase the risk of preterm birth. He considers that it should take more than 6-9 months to conceive another baby.

Tags Risk factors premature birth Causes premature birth Premature birth Spontaneous abortion Smoking pregnancy

The baby's crying in the first weeks of life

The baby's crying in the first weeks of life

Immediately after birth, the baby's crying makes it difficult and gives many parents a headache. A large part of them is of the opinion that no crying of the child is compared with that of the first weeks or months of life, when it is more intense and frequent, and the little one cannot say why he does it. Parents cannot identify his needs, due to lack of experience, nor can they still easily find the most effective ways to calm him down!

Until you begin to gain experience and "specialize" in baby care, we offer some useful information that will help you stay calm in the face of endless crying and better interpret the baby's tears!

The crying curve, how much does the newborn cry in the first weeks of life?

From the moment you are born, crying becomes the only means of communication the baby has in order to communicate with you and to convey your main needs.

A newborn can cry between 1 and 4 hours a day, the general average being somewhere around 2 hours. It is important to know that some children cry more or less than others.

The crying curve is an indicator that highlights how the crying evolves in the child's life, what are the peak periods and when it begins to decrease in intensity and frequency. According to her, in the first 3 months of life, the baby cries the most and does so especially in the afternoon and evening.

Although the crying of the newborn increases in intensity in the first 2-3 weeks, the climax, where he cries the most, is identified somewhere around the age of 8 weeks (2 months). Starting with the third month, it will decrease in both intensity and frequency.

Causes of crying in the first weeks in the baby

The reasons why the baby cries at this age are different from those for later, at an anisle or beyond this age.

It is important to know that, during the first weeks of life, crying is the method by which the child transmits your main physiological needs:

  • he is hungry;
  • it hurts something;
  • has the wet diaper and wants to be changed;
  • has colic;
  • it is hot or cold;
  • he is tired or stressed and sleepy.

Although the basic needs are the main causes of the newborn crying, the specialists failed to interpret and identify all the reasons underlying it.

It is considered that, as the child grows, the reasons for the crying diversify, and one of the most important will be the need to be aware of and to attract your attention.

Another cause of the crying later, up to an anisle, is also the appearance of the first milk teeth, which causes great pain and a state of discomfort, irritating and causing him to become morose.

To help you understand why your baby is crying, the specialists identified a few types of crying which helps you understand faster and easier what you need:

  • hunger (crying that gradually increases in intensity and becomes strong and rhythmic);
  • stress, nervousness, fatigue (crying slowly and intermittently, which can increase in intensity, with episodes of loud screams);
  • pain (the cry is like a kind of shouting, sharp, harsh, shrill, noisy and does not persist, it appears sequentially, in short episodes).

Methods of calming the crying to the baby for a few weeks

The first thing you should do when you notice that the newborn is crying is not to panic and stay as calm as possible.

If you are an inexperienced mother, the first crying cries of the baby, after birth, could stress and worry you very much, because you do not know how to control the situation.

Remember that in the first weeks, months and even after a year, the child will cry a lot and in very few cases it is about a disease or affection. In addition, if you start to be irritated, scared and stressed, you will also convey your feelings to him, and the crying will intensify.

Go to him as soon as you hear him crying. Even if you are probably aware of several theories that it is advisable to allow the child to cry longer before going to bed, the rule does not apply to a baby for only a few weeks. At this age, do not cry to get your attention or "spoiled".

Every few weeks, the reasons for the newborn's crying are important and most often target his basic needs: food, sleep, changing his diaper, etc. So, first of all, it is important to check if you have the wet diaper, if it is lunch or sleep time and any other needs you may have. Discovering the cause of crying helps you to take the best measure to calm it down.

Other effective methods of calming the child are:

  • swaddling;
  • the music;
  • white noises (mimic sounds from nature, which are soothing, or from the mother's womb, very familiar and comfortable for babies);
  • rocking;
  • arm in arm (skin-to-skin contact) and walking;
  • pacifier;
  • car ride;
  • trivial noises (faucet flowing, vacuum cleaner on, etc.).

In case the baby's crying seems endless, sharp and intense, it persists and seems to be very hard, it is advisable to go with the doctor. It can be a sign of a more serious illness that requires specialized medical care.

Also, if you have a normal crying, but that doesn't seem to stop following all the calming methods you know, go to your doctor for a routine consultation.

As time goes by, you'll get used to interpreting your child's crying and knowing exactly what measures to take at different times.

How did you deal with the first crying cries of the baby after birth? How did you learn to interpret them, and what methods of calming have yielded fruit to ease it faster and easier? Share your tips and suggestions in the comment section below!

Tags Baby Plans Baby Plans Newborn Plans Baby Plans

Cinnamon-colored bricks

The muffins with cinnamon are a delicious and aromatic dessert, which can be served in the morning, along with a coffee or a hot chocolate.

Preparation time

60 minutes




100 g butter

2 eggs

150 g old

200 g of yogurt

300 g flour

1 teaspoon baking powder

1 salt powder

1 teaspoon cinnamon

powdered sugar

Method of preparation

Mix the butter with the sugar, then mix the composition until it becomes creamy. Add eggs, yogurt, flour, salt and baking powder and mix until smooth. At the end, put the cinnamon and mix again.

Pour the dough into special shapes of bricks, then give them to the oven, over medium heat. Let the muffins bake and check when they are ready, with the help of a toothpick.

Remove muffins on a grill and allow to cool, then sprinkle with vanilla sugar.

The type of kitchen


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Meaning of the name Gamaliel. Name for boys

Meaning of the name Gamaliel. Name for boys

2020-July-30 Wikidata tutorial: introduction to the basics, Wikidata track Fernandez

Name Solvey - Meaning of the Name

Origin of first name:


Meaning of the name:

Derived from Solveig. From the Germanic "soil", sun, and "veig", strength, power ... His birthday: September 3rd or May 10th with Solange. Saint Solange was a young shepherdess of the ninth century who refused the advances of the son of a lord of Poitou, who killed her.

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The child has locked an object in his nose or ear, what are you doing?

Locking foreign objects in the ear or nose of the young child is an unpleasant and dangerous accident, which often results from the parents' inattention. When he is young, the child tends to frequently put different objects or pieces of food in his mouth, nose or ear, and these may become blocked, the danger of infections or hearing impairment being sometimes inevitable. Find out how you should react and what you need to know in the event of such an accident!

Learn to recognize the symptoms of blocking a foreign object in your ear or nose!

There is a risk that the object locked in the nose will be so small that it will not be visible to the naked eye and you will not realize that such an accident happened. The baby's reactions can help you discover more easily whether or not your baby has locked an object in such areas.

The blocking of a foreign object in the ear is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • pain;
  • secretion;
  • hearing loss;
  • the child frequently puts the handle on his ear or always plays with it.

Obstruction of the nasal pathways with an object has the following symptoms:

  • yellow or bleeding nasal secretions;
  • bad breath;
  • difficult breathing on the nose;
  • frequent touch of the nose by the child.

Stay calm and carefully inspect the child's condition!
Don't be impatient and don't look scared in front of the little one, because you will make him feel irritated and agitated.
Do not try to remove the locked object alone if it is not enough outside to easily catch it with a tweezers, as you risk pushing it even further and endangering its hearing or breathing even more. If you see and have access to its edges, you can try to catch it with the tweezers.

Go with the little one to the doctor!


If you cannot remove the object with the tweezers, because it is inserted too deep into the ear or nose and blocked, go to the hospital urgently, to let the doctors deal with it.
For added safety, it is advisable to take him to see a doctor even if you managed to remove the object. It is good to be sure that there are no other devices locked inside, which he accidentally introduced, and which are not visible to the naked eye.

What do doctors do to remove objects from the nose or ear?

Once the doctor arrives, the child will undergo thorough investigations to determine if the object has reached a sensitive area or not, or if the hearing is in danger. Depending on how deep it is blocked, but also on the type of object, the doctor decides which is the best procedure for his safe removal.
There are several techniques and tools available to the doctor. It may not be necessary to intervene through specific interventions, and if the object is located in the nose, cover the other nostril and then allow the child to blow the nose with power, hoping that the object will be expelled outside.
The doctor may also use a smaller tweezer, called forceps, or a special nasal aspirator, which has the power to dislocate and evade the object.
The method used depends on the type of object blocked. If it is an insect, the doctor will first introduce a special mineral oil to suffocate it and kill it and only then will it be used to remove it. In the case of a metal object, a magnet can also be used to draw and remove it.
When the object is removed, the doctor carefully analyzes the area to see if there are areas affected by the introduction of that object. It also ensures that there is no residue or residue from the object in question in the area and may prescribe treatment with local antibiotic drops for prophylactic purposes, in order to avoid infections.

How can you prevent obstruction in the nose or ear in children?

Your little one should not be left around small objects or toys, unsuitable for his age. This measure, along with his careful supervision, helps you avoid such unpleasant accidents.
As the child grows, the child should be taught that inserting objects into the nose or ear is harmful and can affect their health.

Tags Accidents for children Safety for children

Middle ear infections and ear tubes

Crafts for kids with balloons

Crafts for kids with balloons