Starting child care: getting ready
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Colic babiesis the fearful dream of couples who have new babies. Families, constantly crying babies are hungry to start thinking of the additional food falls into the error in the early period. Experts warn parents not to make this mistake. Pediatric Specialist at Anadolu Medical Center Ataşehir Medical Center Contact Sevim directly, answered questions about this period.
Colic cryingIn healthy infants between 15 days-3 months, sudden crying and lasting hours, especially in the afternoon and evening hours. These cries can last up to 6-9 months.
In colic babies, when they cry, their faces become red, the abdomen becomes swollen and tense. Baby pulls her legs towards her belly while she cries. The feet are also cold.
Colic is seen in 10-40 percent of infants.
The reasons are not fully explained. However, it is suggested that errors in feeding technique, air swallowing, allergic causes and psychological factors may play a role.
Continuous crying of the baby There is no harm to the baby.
The baby can be held upright and face to shoulder, to lightly massage the back of the gas can be removed. It is reported that carrying on lap, avoiding excessive stimulation, applying warm towel to the abdomen, shortening the crying time of listening to music.
The physical examination of the baby should ensure that there is no organic cause. In case of fever, vomiting or bloody stools, it should be taken to a specialist immediately.
It should be noted that anxiety and tensions that may arise in the family environment during long crying seizures may aggravate symptoms. It is important to remember that colic is a developmental process seen in some infants. Some of the excess gas infants benefit from mild gas preventive drugs. Weak herbal teas (such as fennel, chamomile) can be tried with a small amount provided. Mum, cabbage, broccoli, dried legumes, such as reducing some foods in your diet, tea, coffee can help by avoiding stimulants.
In addition, the baby is extremely restless, crying is often interpreted as insufficient breast milk, which leads to mothers to start additional nutrients early. It should not be forgotten that the most valuable food is breast milk and this should not be hasty.
Whether you're using a conventional disposable diaper or a more earth-friendly option, the basic method for changing a dirty one is the same. Here's a suggested series of steps to get you started.
In time, you may modify those steps and develop your own preferred method – which you'll be able to do in a darkened room while half asleep.
Wash and dry your hands, or clean them with hand sanitizer or a baby wipe.
Set up a warm, clean area to change your baby. If you're not using a changing table, consider laying a blanket, towel, or changing mat on the floor or bed.
Grab your supplies, including a clean diaper and plenty of wipes or wet cloths. For babies with sensitive skin, you can use lukewarm water and cut-up paper towels (use thick ones) or washable cloth baby wipes (you can buy or make these). If your baby is prone to diaper rash, keep rash cream or petroleum jelly on hand.
Safety note: If you change your baby on an elevated surface such as a changing table or bed, be sure to keep one hand on your baby at all times. Most changing tables have a strap you can use to secure your baby. Whether your baby is strapped in or not, don't leave your baby unattended for even a second. Babies at any age can squirm off the table when you least expect it.
Open up a new clean diaper and place the back half (the half with tabs on either side) under your baby. The top of the back half should come up to your baby's waist. Now the clean diaper is ready to go – and is there to protect your changing table from getting dirty. (If your baby's dirty diaper is a big mess, you might want to lay a cloth, towel, or disposable pad under your baby instead of the clean diaper while you clean up your baby.)
Unfasten the tabs on the dirty diaper. To prevent them from sticking to your baby, fold them over.
Pull down the front half of the dirty diaper. If your baby is a boy, you might want to cover his penis with a clean cloth or another diaper so he doesn't pee on either of you.
If there's poop in the diaper, use the front half of the diaper to wipe the bulk of it off your baby's bottom.
Fold the dirty diaper in half under your baby, clean side up. (This provides a layer of protection between the clean diaper and your baby's unclean bottom.) To do this, you'll need to lift your baby's bottom off the table by grasping both ankles with one hand and gently lifting upward.
Clean your baby's front with a damp baby wipe, cloth, or gauze. If your baby's a girl, wipe from front to back (toward her bottom). This helps keep bacteria from causing an infection.
If your baby pooped, grab another wipe and clean her bottom. You can either lift her legs or roll her gently to one side then the other. Be sure to clean in the creases of your baby's thighs and buttocks, too.
Let your baby's skin air dry for a few moments or pat it dry with a clean cloth. To help treat or prevent diaper rash, you may want to apply rash cream or petroleum jelly. (The best defense against diaper rash is a dry bottom, achieved through regular diaper checks and changes.)
Remove the dirty diaper and set it aside. If you followed step one, the clean one should be underneath your baby, ready to go.
Pull the front half of the clean diaper up to your baby's tummy. For a boy, be sure to point the penis down so he's less likely to pee over the top of the diaper.
If your baby is a newborn, avoid covering the umbilical cord stump until it's dried and fallen off. You can buy special disposable diapers with a notch cut out for the stump or fold down the front half of a regular diaper.
Make sure that the part of the diaper between your baby's legs is spread as wide as seems comfortable. Too much bunching in that area can cause chafing and discomfort.
Fasten the diaper at both sides with the tabs. The diaper should be snug but not so tight that it pinches. Make sure the tabs aren't sticking to your baby's skin.
Dress your baby and put her in a safe place – like on the floor with a toy or in her crib – while you clean up the diaper changing area.
Fold up the dirty diaper and fasten it closed with its tabs, then put it in the trash or diaper pail. If it's flushable or compostable, dispose of it according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Wash your hands thoroughly, or use hand sanitizer if you can't get to a sink. That's it, you're done!
- Change diapers frequently to avoid diaper rash. It's especially important to change poopy diapers as soon as possible, since they can cause diaper rash quickly.
- Learn about the difference between regular diaper rash and yeast diaper rash, since they need to be treated differently.
- Keep distractions handy. If your baby fusses during changes, secure an engaging mobile over the changing area, hang pictures or mirrors to look at, or give your baby a small toy to play with while you take care of business.
- Stock up on diapers so you don't run out. Newborns can wet as many as eight to ten diapers a day.
- Some disposable diapers for young babies have a wetness indicator on them – a line that turns color if the diaper is wet. This isn't necessary, but it can be a convenient way to tell at a glance if it's time for a change.
- If poop keeps leaking out the top back of your baby's diaper, it may be time to go up a size. The weights noted on diaper packaging are just guidelines, and your baby may need a bigger size sooner.
- When you leave home, carry some extra plastic or biodegradable bags with you so you have somewhere to put dirty diapers if there's nowhere to dispose of them. (Get our full list of diaper bag essentials.)
- Have fun: Diaper changes offer a chance for some special one-on-one time. Talk and sing to your baby, pointing out the different parts of your baby's body and explaining what you're doing. Once your baby is cleaned up, try a few simple songs like "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or "Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes." Play a bit of peekaboo or patty-cake, and share a kiss before you wrap up.
Where to go next:
- Baby poop: A visual guide
- Is it safe to use baby powder?
- Video: How to change a diaper
How to Turn and Reposition an Immobile Patient
Change of city, air, career ... Your imminent departure delight you, but seems to disconcert your child. Leave his room and his friends, no question!
- Leaving his friends, his house: the idea of moving hurts your child. It stings anger, melts in tears as soon as you evoke the subject. He is afraid of losing his bearings and does not know what to expect. The move is a stress factor for him ... and for you because you have trouble finding the right words to reassure him.
Moving ... makes him sad or angry
When he returns from school, he throws his schoolbag and takes refuge in his room, without picking up a word ...
What has to be done :
- Think about how you live this move yourself to understand how he reacts. This new start enchants you? Be sure to listen to him so that he does not feel sidelined, insufficiently taken into account. For you too the move is difficult? Try to reassure him.
- If he isolates himself, try to understand what makes him sad, calm him down. Find small books on the subject, adapted to his age. Ask him to ask all his questions to buddies who have already moved.
- Tell him he has the right to be sad or angry, that you understand. It's not easy to leave a place we love, for you either. The essential thing is to stay together.
New technologies are not just about computers and mobile phones. The thermometer of your toddler has modernized too ...
What's this ?
- An electronic thermometer that checks fever of your child in two ways : at a distance and without contact, or by ear contact. What is he doing ? It measures body temperature, from 32 to 42 ° C, in one second in the ear mode with a precision of about 0.2 ° C and in just a few seconds in frontal mode.
How does an electronic thermometer work?
- Just turn the thermometer to the forehead of your baby (about ten centimeters) or insert the special tip in the ear, then press the measuring button. The temperature, indicated by a beep sound, is instantly displayed on the LCD display. It is advisable to space the catches by one minute. In principle, this device stores the last ten takes.
For who ?
- These thermometers are particularly recommended for taking temperature of infants and young children. This is the most hygienic solution too, especially when the device is equipped with disposable tips, and the least restrictive (you do not have to wake your child). You can also use most models to check the temperature of the bath, the bottle ...
How much does it cost ?
- From 30 to 130 €. The range is wide. Choose preferably a known brand and a recent model, more reliable than the first devices!
Fever: need to worry or not?
- Before 3 months, a temperature higher than 38 ° C must lead you without delay to your pediatrician or to emergencies. Indeed a thorough examination or analysis is needed to rule out any suspicion of urinary tract infection or meningitis.
- At more than 3 months, your baby is no longer so exposed to these risks. In case of fever, relieve it, then consult your pediatrician to determine the cause.
- At more than 6 months, if your feverish baby does not seem bothered, you need not worry too much. His body defends itself against infection, but often succeeds alone. And partly thanks to the fever which, by accelerating the chemical reactions, favors the defense phenomena of the body.
Madrid is an ideal city to travel with children. Despite its size, in the center you will find a multitude of monuments, green areas and very entertaining and varied visits for children. The first thing is to start planning the trip.
Before traveling with children we have to plan well everything we will need to carry in the suitcase, for that we must know what weather we are going to find, the necessary documentation to travel or when there are holidays.
The climate of Madrid is called continental Mediterranean. The characteristics are cold winters, with snow and usual frosts, although it does not usually reach temperatures below 0ºC.
Summers, on the other hand, are very hot, with an average of 25ºC but easily reaching 35ºC in the central hours of the day, the rains are scarce and in the form of a storm.
In spring and autumn the temperature is usually more pleasant and less extreme, but the rains are quite frequent and can appear unexpectedly.
In the city center, temperatures are usually more moderate, in winter due to the accumulation of tourists and in summer thanks to the large awnings that are placed in the most important shopping streets.
Preparing the children's suitcase can be a headache, as there are many factors to take into account if we organize a family trip.
Given the climate of Madrid, if we choose to travel in winter it will be important to bring warm clothes, gloves, scarf etc. but with thin t-shirts if we are going to enter restaurants or shops, where there is usually strong heating.
On the contrary, in summer we will need light clothing, hats and sunglasses to protect ourselves from the heat, with something warmer for the night.
In spring and autumn the most important thing is to always carry a raincoat and an umbrella, so that the rains do not catch you by surprise.
The rhythm of life in Madrid is quite adapted to European schedules, due to the large number of tourists, although due to its location and the hours of sunshine it may be a little longer than usual.
Stores usually open from 9:00 a.m. at 2:00 p.m. and from 17:00 to 20:00. In the downtown area, many stores, especially the large chains, open at noon and close later, around 9:30 p.m.
You can eat in the restaurants from 1:00 p.m. and until 3:30 p.m., and dinner from 9:00 p.m. at 23:00 h. Supermarkets have a continuous schedule at 10:00 a.m. at 9:00 p.m., usually.
Banks and other offices are open from 8:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., some have afternoon hours.
Since the establishment of the euro (€) as the European currency, this is the official currency of the country.
The coins are: 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, 1 euro and 2 euros.
The banknotes: 5 euros, 10 euros, 20 euros, 50 euros, 100 euros, 200 euros, 500 euros.
Credit cards (Visa, Mastercard ...) are accepted in most establishments.
Normally, foreign currencies can be exchanged in establishments in the main Europeans, as well as in banks in the city. However, it is cheaper to do it before traveling, since commissions are usually established around 5%.
The electrical current is 220 volts and the plugs have two parallel cylindrical pins, check well the voltage of the devices to connect them and, if necessary, ask for an adapter.
Travelers who come from other areas of Spain or from European countries have complete and free health care in all hospitals.
Emergency coverage also cares for any citizen who suffers from a serious medical problem, but the safest thing to do is to consult the possibility of contracting travel insurance.
The emergency telephone number is 112, that of the National Police is 091 and that of Local 092.
To travel from European Union countries, no special documentation is necessary, with an identity card or passport it is enough, both for adults and children.
In addition, there are countries in which there are agreements with which only a passport is required: Argentina, Brazil, the United States, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela and others. In case of doubt, it is best to consult the Spanish consulate so that they can inform us of the necessary visas and if the papers must also be done for children.
Some of the holidays are fixed, others vary according to the year, remember to check if you have planned visits to museums or other monuments.
1 of January New Year)
January 6 (Epiphany)
March 19 (San José)
Good Friday (in 2012, April 6)
Domingo Santo (in 2012, April 8)
May 1 (International Workers' Day)
May 2 (Festival of the Community of Madrid)
May 15 (Assumption of the Virgin Mary)
October 12 (Columbus Day)
November 1 (All Saints' Day)
December 6 (Constitution Day)
December 8 (Immaculate Conception Day)
25th December, Christmas)
You can read more articles similar to Tips for parents before traveling to Madrid, in the category of Tourist destinations on site.
Origin of first name:
Meaning of the name:
From Hebrew delilah, "submissive, discreet".
In the Old Testament, she is Samson's wife. She betrays her husband by cutting her hair, the source of her colossal strength, in her sleep. Fairly common across the Atlantic, this name only appeared in France around 1990.
Its derivatives: Delilah, Dalla, Della.
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