Fight rickets in children

Fight rickets in children

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Diaper irritation it is the most common form of inflammation of the baby's skin. It presents as an irritated area, red on the level of the skin covered by the baby's diaper (asshole). His skin may also be slightly inflamed and warm when you touch it.

Diaper irritation can be very mild - a few red spots that start to touch on a small or quite large surface, with large red swellings that stretch on the belly and thighs of your baby.

Most babies develop this type of dermatitis. Most commonly it occurs when introducing solid foods into the baby's diet, when the breastfeeding mother eats certain foods or when the baby is given antibiotics.

Other factors that can lead to the development of diaper dermatitis are keeping the skin moist under the diaper, changing the diaper rarely, diarrhea and using some diapers over the diaper. Diaper dermatitis can cause parental concern and may disturb the baby but usually disappears within a few days with simple treatment at home.

Classification of diaper irritations

There are several types of irritation caused by diapers, which differ depending on the etiological agent. Ammonia contained in urine and feces irritates the sensitive skin of the child. Infants who are no longer breastfed and fed with powdered milk are more prone to irritation because the bacteria develops especially in the alkaline environment, such as the one that results from feeding on powdered milk.

Also, fecal bacteria can cause irritation and eczema if not quickly removed. A simple irritation usually disappears in a few days and can recur (after a period of 2-3 weeks) if the hygiene is not respected. If the problem persists and if there are eczema, dermatitis, infections at this level, the specialized medical consultation is necessary.

Most commonly, simple irritations to diapers occur due to moisture and heat secondary to their use. Until a few years ago we used cloth diapers that had to be boiled (sterilized) after each use. They retain moisture and predispose to local irritations.

The new disposable diapers are more efficient because they are made of a special material that lets the air pass and they have an absorbent layer inside that removes moisture. Diaper irritations are easy to recognize. The genital and perianal areas are erythematous (red), discreetly edematous and warm. The skin at this level becomes extremely sensitive and can be exfoliated.

Diaper dermatitis is characterized by the following signs and symptoms:

• dermatological symptoms: red, soft and sensitive skin in the diaper area: buttocks and genital area;

• changes in the baby's mood: the baby may have a worse mood, especially during the change of diaper. A baby with diaper dermatitis whistles or cries when the affected area is washed or touched.

Diaper dermatitis can occur intermittently as long as the baby wears diapers, but it is more common in the first 15 months of life, especially between 8 and 10 months of life.

The causes of diaper dermatitis

The causes of diaper dermatitis can be:

• Irritation due to stool and urine: prolonged exposure to urine and feces can irritate the sensitive skin of the child. Sugar may be more prone to irritation as it has a faster bowel transit (more frequent stools), as feces are more irritating than urine.

• Introduction of new foods: when infants begin to eat solid food, generally between 4 and 12 months, the contents of their seats change, increasing the likelihood of diaper dermatitis. Changes in the child's diet can also increase the frequency of the seats, which can lead to diaper dermatitis. If the baby is breastfed, it can cause diaper dermatitis in response to certain foods ingested by the mother, such as tomato-based foods.

• Irritation caused by a new product: Wet towels, a new brand of diapers or a detergent, bleach or laundry conditioner used to wash cloth diapers can cause irritation. Other substances that can cause problems include ingredients found in baby lotions, powders or oils.

• Bacterial or fungal infections: a simple irritation can spread to the surrounding areas. The area covered by the diaper - buttocks and genitals - is especially vulnerable because it is hot and humid, constituting an environment conducive to the development of bacteria and fungi. These dermatitis generally start in the folds of the skin and have the appearance of small red dots spread in these folds.

• Sensitive skin: infants with dermatological conditions such as eczema or atopic dermatitis have a higher risk of developing diaper dermatitis. However, atopic dermatitis and eczema appear primarily in areas other than the diaper area.

• Scratching lesions (caused by skin rubbing): Fixing too tightly the diaper or other clothes that are rubbing on the skin can cause rashes.

• Use of antibiotics: antibiotics kill bacteria - good or bad. Without the presence of "good" bacteria there is a risk of fungal infections. This can happen when the baby is given antibiotics or when the nursing mother is taking antibiotic treatment.

Specialized consultation

Diaper dermatitis is usually treated with ease and improvements occur within a few days of starting treatment at home. If the condition of the baby's skin does not improve within a few days of starting the treatment with ointments, released at the pharmacy without a prescription, and changing the diaper more frequently, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Sometimes, diaper dermatitis can be complicated by a secondary infection whose treatment will be prescribed by the doctor. It is recommended to present to the doctor with the baby if the symptoms worsen or one of the following symptoms appears:

• fever;
• bladder or phlegm;
• an eruption that extends beyond the area covered by the diaper;
• pus or liquid secretions.

Prevention of diaper irritation

The best way to prevent diaper irritations is to choose the right diaper and change it as often as possible (whenever necessary). After proper local hygiene (removal of faeces and urine with warm water, wet towels), different special solutions for children can be applied that prevent the occurrence of irritations at this level.

Creams, oils or some ointments are recommended before applying a new diaper. After the first months of life these are no longer needed and are only used in cases where certain irritations occur at this level.

Antibiotic or anti-inflammatory ointments should only be used at the pediatrician's discretion! Wet towels are specially designed for children and are often used especially when the baby has to be moved to another place than at home (car, city, visit).

After washing and applying a lotion (if applicable) the baby's skin is dried by tamping with a clean towel: the skin should not be rubbed, this action may irritate the skin even more.

Exposing the skin to the air is a natural and delicate method of drying the skin under the diaper. To avoid possible accidents, the baby should be placed on a large towel and distracted with a play while sitting without a diaper.

The recommended diapers for each age group, preferably disposable, should be used. They allow the skin to breathe, properly absorb moisture and are easy to use in any situation.

Children with sensitive skin should only be sanitized with warm water or with a damp clean cotton swab, avoiding alcoholic solutions, creams and fragrant solutions that often cause irritation.

Diapers and plastic linen are not suitable for any child, regardless of age. The washing of diapers with detergents, laundry conditioners, highly chlorinated bleaches should be avoided as all these substances cause local irritation. The diaper rinsing is usually done with clean water or water with little vinegar added (which decreases its alkalinity).

The diapers should not be tightened too much: the diapers that are too tight prevent the flow of air and the consequent increase in humidity, which favors the appearance of the erythema. It can also cause wrist injuries.

Contrary to usual, talc should not be used, as it impedes skin respiration, closes pores and causes infections, crusts and eczema. Any irritation that persists longer than 3-4 days requires specialist medical consultation.

Special attention is needed when diversifying food and introducing solid foods. In this case, irritations may be secondary to food allergies and not necessarily to local irritants.

Specialist advice

The American Academy of Dermatology offers a few tips to avoid diaper irritation:

While for the uninitiated person the irritation caused by the diaper does not seem like a very serious problem, for those who face this problem (parents) the situation is at least unpleasant due to the fact that it is often frustrating to treat red and irritated skin due to the diaper, irritation which can cause major discomfort to the child.

There are two common forms of "diaper" dermatitis - the simple form of "diaper" dermatitis (irritation) and dermatitis due to candidiasis. Irritant dermatitis occurs when fecal enzymes, especially when combined with urine, cause inflammation of the delicate skin of the child if they are in contact for a long time. The safest way to prevent this type of irritation is to remove the dirty diaper as quickly as possible.

Tips recommended by dermatologists to prevent and treat the irritation caused by diapers:

• diapers containing faeces should be changed immediately. Due to the fact that urine is not an irritant, diapers that are only moist because of urine should not be changed immediately. Studies by diaper manufacturers have shown that most parents change their baby diapers on average 6-7 times a day.

• The faeces of the baby's skin should be cleaned with baby towels, which do not contain irritants.

• for the treatment of "diaper" dermatitis, a protective barrier cream containing zinc oxide should be applied. To prevent irritation it is not necessary to use a product with a barrier role.

• it is recommended to avoid the use of powder for children because it can be inhaled by them and can cause pneumonia.

Source: Doctor's advice

Mum's opinion

Moms who have had problems with their babies who have had diaper irritation have tried the following products and are satisfied with the way the irritation has healed: Bephanten cream, Yellow cream, Nidoflor, Triderm, Balmex zinc cream, Stelactiv from Mustela, Pasta Petrini prepared in the pharmacy, products from the Bubchen range, the First Spray from Forever, Cutaden, Reviken cream.

They also advise moms who go through this to change the brand of diaper and the brand of wet towels. At each change they recommend washing the soap with water and soap and wiping with wool and chamomile tea.

Treatment for diaper irritation: wash or tampon change diaper with chamomile tea mixed with bicarbonate - 1 tablespoon to 1/2 l of tea + anointed with Triderm and Bepanthen ointment.

Tags Diaper irritation Prevention of diaper irritation Baby diapers

Fear of needles in children

Dress without your help, blah! Play alone, no! To do one's homework ? Only if you stay close to him ... But when will your child finally decide to grow a little?

Between 5 and 12 years old, your child grows up and becomes more independent. This autonomy allows him to take on better and better support. He is more skillful in his behavior and develops his inner life from which he can draw to avoid boredom and dependence on others.

The problem

  • He always asks for your help, does not want to do anything alone.
  • At 5, he still can not put the scratchs of his shoes.
  • He refuses to do his homework if you are not at his side.
  • He never wants to play alone. Without someone near him, he is bored.
  • You go to the movies together, he really wants to know what you have planned to do next, and still after ... He is trying to plan everything and fill his time.

How to react ?

  • Every child reaches autonomy according to a rhythm of their own. Observe him to try to understand why you do not find him very independent.
  • Evaluate your requirements. Do not you ask him too much for his age? At 5 years old, you would like him to be able to put the cover alone ... Patience, he learns and his gestures will become more and more precise.
  • Ask yourself. Why does this situation bother you? Is not it a little because by devoting a lot of attention to it, do you lack time for yourself?
  • Observe him with a more distant eye. What you call lack of autonomy may be more of an anxiety related to fear of something. If he is afraid of the dark, he will need you to help him fall asleep.
  • Discuss with other parents with children of the same age. Without comparing them, try to know how they behave, if they are more (or less) autonomous in similar situations.

    1 2

    A turtle at home? Beware of the risk of salmonellosis!

    Two French studies have shown that reptiles, including turtles and iguanas, can transmit salmonellosis to young children. So be careful if you have home.

    • Two studies of the Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin (BEH) confirm what several countries have already established: reptiles, although healthy, can transmit salmonellosis to young children, an infection that results in diarrhea and fever, and can in some exceptional cases to be mortal.
    • To reach these conclusions, the BEH has relied on 66 published studies on the subject over the last 20 years, which has identified 77 isolated cases of reptile exposure infections in young children, including 3 deaths. Two children died from salmonellosis, while another, less than 6 months old, died of meningitis.
    • The most frequently incriminated animals are iguanas (24) and turtles (23) followed by snakes (16) and lizards (12). Most of them are naturally carriers of salmonella, a bacterium lodged in their digestive tract and stagnant in the air and on clothing. The contamination can be done without even the child touches them.
    • The authors point out the lack of information parents who are often unaware of the risks of having a reptile at home. According to them, better information, especially in pet stores that sell these animals, would reduce the cases of contamination.
    • The opportunity also to remind the importance of the rules of hygiene: your children should always wash their hands after touching an animal.

    Stéphanie Letellier

    (News of the 08/01/14)

    Read also :

    Pets, what risks?

    Rabbit, rat, ferret: attention to allergies

    Italian names: Paola

    Italian names: Paola

    This Italian version of Paule has far surpassed this one in popularity. Latin paulus, which means small, it's a name that has grown! His birthday: January 26th.

    As we announced last week, Roxana Ionescu, only 21, feels ready to become a mother. Although she is not pregnant, she and her husband would like to have a baby girl, however, like any couple, and they think the most important thing is for the baby to be healthy. However, the two do not rush to become parents, because they are quite busy with their own careers.

    As we announced last week, Roxana Ionescu, only 21, feels ready to become a mother. Although she is not pregnant, she and her husband would like to have a baby girl, however, like any couple, and they think the most important thing is for the baby to be healthy. However, the two do not rush to become parents, because they are quite busy with their own careers.
    But Roxana wants to be a young mother, so, for 2008, she is established: she wants to give birth to the first child. Being a great child lover, Roxana is very excited about the show "I want to be a star", a show whose stars are talented children.
    Read the whole article in:

    Olita, how do I convince my little one?

    In the morning, a teaspoon of refined double gas is taken on an empty stomach. After an hour they eat. There is also an evening, a teaspoon of gas at half an hour after the evening meal. After that nothing is eaten anymore.
    The treatment lasts one year, and is valid for many types of cancer.
    Warning! The gas must be distilled between 100 - 150 degrees, any degree more leading to the destruction of oil as a drug becoming toxic. It has resulted in many types of generalized cancer, the patient being very weak and having very little chance of survival.

    Changing baby's diapers is an art for some parents