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Children and babies with measles
Measles is an infectious-contagious disease that affects babies, children, adults, who have not been vaccinated, as recommended by the Official Childhood Vaccination Calendar. It is the most serious disease in infants.
The World Health Organization (WHO) had estimated the eradication of this disease in society by 2015, but the rebound in the number of measles cases, due to the relaxation of parents in following the Official Vaccination Calendar Childish has skyrocketed the number of measles cases in Europe And in the rest of the world. Measles is a disease that can cause death or lead to serious complications such as encephalitis.
Initially, the infection caused by the measles virus is characterized in infants and children, by presenting:
- Red, watery eyes, or conjunctivitis
- Lack of appetite
- Nasal congestion with a runny nose
- Dry cough
- General discomfort
After the first 24 hours, small white spots begin to appear inside the mouth, and then red skin eruptions on the face, behind the ears, on the neck, later spreading to the entire body.
In general, these spots are not very itchy and usually disappear in 2 to 4 days. In babies under 9 months, it can appear mildly due to the presence of protective maternal antibodies. The fever may be very high and the child will feel unwell for 3 to 5 days.
Measles is an infectious disease caused by the measles virus, known as myxovirus, for which there is a vaccine. The incubation period lasts between 10 and 14 days from contact. The period of contagion is variable: from 4 days before the onset of symptoms to 4 or 5 days after, after the skin lesions have disappeared.
Measles is spread by contact with nasal and oral fluids, such as discharge, from one infected person to another.
Being a viral infection, antibiotics should not be given, so there is no choice but to pass it. The recommendation is to use paracetamol to relieve symptoms. Antibiotics should only be used to avoid secondary bacterial complications and whenever prescribed by the child's pediatrician.
Antipyretics to lower fever, nebulizers to clear the nose, eye drops, and antihistamines (if necessary, to reduce itching) can help the baby and child to relieve the symptoms of measles. Respiratory isolation of the patient is recommended for the entire period of the disease to avoid contagion to other members of the family.
The complications that measles can present are laryngitis, otitis (it is the most frequent), bronchiolitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, diarrhea (more frequent in malnourished children) and acute encephalitis.
In the event that this disease is not well treated in children and adults, complications in their health can occur, such as:
- severe diarrhea
- Ear infections
- Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
Therefore, the vaccine is important.
The best treatment is prevention and nothing is safer than vaccination of the child, from 12 months of age. Measles is spread by direct contact from one child to another. In addition, the diagnosis of measles should always be made by a health professional.
Check out other diseases:
You can read more articles similar to Children and babies with measles, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.
While children can display a wide range of behavior problems in school, from disruptive talking in the classroom to fighting and name-calling on the playground, the reasons for bad behavior are usually simple. "If a child is acting out a lot in school, my assumption is either that she's having strong feelings and needs a hand with getting those feelings out, or that something in school is really not working for her," says Alison Ehara-Brown, a licensed clinical social worker and school consultant in Berkeley, Calif. As a parent, you can do a number of things at home to help your child deal with her feelings. You can also change the situation in school so your child has a better time there.
How to help your child at school
Assess the situation. Start by spending time in your child's classroom (volunteer as an aide for a day or two) to see what's going on. Or have a child therapist, school psychologist, or learning specialist evaluate your child in the classroom. You could even ask a friend or relative — your child's favorite uncle, say — to go to her school for a day. Look at the teacher's teaching style and your child's learning style: Is a mismatch in the teacher-child relationship causing your child to feel misunderstood or angry? Go out to the playground at recess: Is your child being teased or frightened and then acting out in an attempt to get someone to notice she's in trouble? You may learn a lot by spending a day in your child's environment and paying attention to her interactions with the people around her.
Check out your child's relationship with her teacher. This basic dynamic can make or break a child's experience in the classroom. "Often when a child is having behavior problems in school, it comes down to a feeling that the teacher doesn't like her," says Ehara-Brown. "To be able to learn and to act well, it's really important to children to feel liked." Often it's enough just to bring the problem to the teacher's attention, but if your child somehow pushes the teacher's buttons in a way that makes it difficult for the teacher to like her, as a last resort you can look into moving your child to a different classroom. Or see if an adult who likes your child (such as a teacher's aide) can be added to the classroom; sometimes this is enough to smooth out troublesome behavior.
Work with the teacher. Just having to sit still during class is a big challenge for some children. The teacher may be open to letting your child move around or do other activities if you talk to him about it. "When one of my sons was making the transition from kindergarten, where he had a lot of space to move and play while he learned, to the older grades, he had a really hard time with sitting still and not talking," says Ehara-Brown. "One of his teachers told him that while she was talking or reading it was fine for him to draw, and once he was able to do that, he stopped getting in trouble."
Strategize. Buff Bradley, a former elementary school teacher who now runs a home daycare center, suggests setting up conferences that include you, your child, and her teacher. Brainstorm together about how to make school go well for your child. You may want to devise a signal your child can give her teacher, such as raising two fingers, when she's feeling frustrated and restless and is about to start acting out; at these times, the teacher could give her something special to do, such as taking papers to the principal's office. Or the teacher could think of a signal, such as a tap on your child's shoulder, to remind her to behave without embarrassing her in front of the class.
Give your child a break. Sometimes the daily grind of going to a place where she is not succeeding can push a child into behavior problems. If you can, try taking a day off from school and work every once in a while to do something with your child that she really enjoys, whether it's playing a Monopoly marathon, spending the day at the beach, or just hanging out in the backyard listening to the radio. Take advantage of the times when she is home sick to get close and pay special attention to her.
Help your child remember that you care about her. Knowing that she is loved can pull a child out of a downward spiral. "It can sometimes work to give your child a special reminder of you, something she can put in her pocket, like a little note that says 'I love you and you're great,'" says Patty Wipfler, a parent trainer and founder of the Parents Leadership Institute in Palo Alto, Calif. Or put a picture in her lunchbox of the two of you hugging.
Tell your child that she can decide where her mind goes. If your child is having a miserable time at school, she can think of you, or of the fun she's going to have after school, rather than stay trapped in bad feelings. A great example of this idea is in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, where Harry encounters some monsters called dementors who suck all the happiness out of their victims. The antidote that a powerful wizard gives Harry is to think of the best time he ever had; this allows him to gain power over the monsters.
Get outside help. If you think it's necessary, get recommendations for a good therapist for your child. Interview possible candidates on the phone, and tell them you're looking for someone who can help your child work through the emotional issues that are making her act out at school. "Tell them you're not interested in a medication approach," says Ehara-Brown, "but are looking for someone who can work with your child's teacher and the school system and give the teacher ideas on how to handle her behavior."
Where can I get further information?
"Listening to Children," by Patty Wipfle, $7. A series of six booklets describes how to work with your child to relieve her fears, frustrations, and anger. Topics include "Special Time," "Playlistening," "Crying," "Tantrums and Indignation," "Healing Children's Fears," and "Reaching for Your Angry Child." Other books and videotapes are also available, as well as classes in the San Francisco Bay Area.
The Wildest Colts Make the Best Horses: The Truth About Ritalin, ADHD, and Other Disruptive Behavior Disorders, by John Breeding; Bright Books, 1996. $16.95.
How to Talk So Kids Can Learn: At Home and in School, by Adele Faber, Elaine Mazlish, et al.; Fireside, 1995. $13.
The National Institute of Relationship Enhancement offers classes in filial therapy, a branch of family therapy that teaches parents how to use play to help their children.
Carnival celebrations arrive and you don't know what to dress up your child as? With this drawing we give you an idea for a costume, neither more nor less than a fun mask that your child can wear to any carnival party.
Follow the steps to learn how to draw this Carnival mask that you can later color with your children. You can also print this mask for free as a coloring page with children. Click HERE and go coloring!
1. On a white card, draw the shapes of the koala's mask and ears with a thick black marker.
2. Draw the nose and hair of the animal.
3. Draw the hole for the eyes to cut out.
4. Fill the inside of the koala's nose and the hole to place the rubber band with different colors.
The benefits of cooperative learning in the classroom are many, but it is not an easy task at first. The group must be prepared to work cooperatively (which goes beyond doing group work) the activities must be adapted to the learning objective that we pursue, the teacher becomes a guide and reference of the students' work and more importantly, it is necessary to adapt to the characteristics of the students (age, learning styles, abilities, etc.). But you also have to know some exercises and cooperative learning activities that are interesting for children.
The first thing that we must take into account for cooperative learning to be effective is the need to organize the course. The implementation of cooperative work can be sequenced as follows:
- The first term of the course It can help us to start the cooperative spirit in the classroom, to practice with some cooperative activities, to form groups or sporadic pairs of students to get to know how they work, how they work, how they relate to each other ...
- The second trimester It can help us to form teams, assign roles and begin to practice the first cooperative activities and tasks themselves. It is also the ideal time to file and correct faults that can be detected.
- The third trimester is consolidation of this type of task in the classroom.
When it comes to proposing cooperative activities, as we mentioned at the beginning, one of the first tasks we have to carry out is the formation of groups. Here it is important that these are heterogeneous, that is, there must be students with different levels of performance, abilities and styles, so that the different teams are balanced.
Therefore, it is necessary that the teacher takes time to get to know the students and know their different levels and abilities. This is what we will do the first term of the course. As for the ideal number of members in each team, 4 students is ideal (4 or 5 students depending on the students we have in the classroom).
Before proposing the learning activities themselves, we can dedicate some previous sessions to carry out group dynamics so that the students get to know each other, and understand what cooperative work consists of. In short, these are activities that prepare the group and guide it towards a dynamic of cooperative work in the classroom. Before launching into cooperative work, training is needed, by the teacher and by the students. Therefore, it is important to start with activities that can be done in pairs, to continue with groups of two pairs.
Some activities that we can do:
1. Cooperative tangram, puzzles, etc.
We divide the class into groups of 4 or 5 students. Each group has to complete 5 puzzles, tangrams or puzzles. We give each group 5 envelopes, one for each member and in each envelope there must be pieces of the puzzles to be completed, mixed together. Participants cannot speak, and pieces cannot be ordered, rather it is the partners who have to be aware of the pieces that their partners need to complete their puzzles. The team that manages to complete all the puzzles of their team wins.
This dynamic can be done with elementary and middle school children, varying the difficulty of the puzzles to be completed.
2. Group dynamics: group conflict resolution
It is about carrying out activities and group dynamics to energize the classroom. The teacher can observe how the students solve the tasks and thus know the style or role of each one within the group. An example of these group dynamics is that of the wolf and the bridge: A shepherd has to cross to the other side of a river with a wolf, a goat and a lettuce. He has a boat that only fits himself and one of the other three things. If the wolf is left alone with the goat he eats it, if the goat is left alone with the lettuce he eats it. How should you do it? Riddles like this, in addition to being a fun task, help the group to share ideas, defend points of view, etc.
3. Cooperative readings
With groups of 4 or 5 students, each team member is given a reading, which can be from a study topic or from a reading book. One member of the team begins to read a paragraph or paragraphs, and the other members follow the reading quietly. At the end of this reading, the next member makes a summary of what the partner has read, shares with the group and continues the reading. Thus, until the proposed reading is completed.
It can also be carried out in pairs. A student reads a paragraph to his partner, and he has to say what is the main idea of the paragraph that the partner has read. If both agree, they underline it in the text, if they do not agree they debate and give their opinions until they reach a common idea. The first listener to read another paragraph and so on.
This is a dynamic that helps us both to put cooperative dynamics into practice in the classroom, and within the cooperative activities themselves at the beginning and end of the work topic.
4. Correct homework in pairs
At the beginning of class, the students meet in pairs to share their homework and the work they have done at home. The pairs begin by comparing both the result and the process followed in their tasks. If they agree, they move on to the next one. If not, they must agree on the correct way to do it. At the end, the teacher conducts a brief discussion to confirm that the corrections are correct.
Once we have practiced, and the class group already has experience of group work and cooperative experiences, we can begin to design cooperative learning activities.
To design cooperative activities, it is not enough to design tasks for students to work in groups, it is necessary to carry out an activity design based on a cooperative technique or procedure.
Some commonly used cooperative learning procedures are:
5. Experts in different topics
To put this technique into practice, we start from a content that can be divided or fragmented into different parts (knowledge of the environment, for example), as many as there are members of each group. All teams will work on the same topic or content. Each member of the team will receive a fragment of the information of the topic they are going to investigate and becomes an expert in that section, and does not receive the one that the rest of his teammates have.
Each expert meets with the experts in the same section as the rest of the teams, and they seek information on that section with resources provided by the teacher or other types of resources (online, textbooks, etc ...), they make diagrams, content maps , etc.
Afterwards, each one of them returns to their original team and takes responsibility for explaining to the group the part that they have prepared. Together they form the global theme.
In this technique it is important that students have a sufficient level of autonomy and cooperative skills. You have to explain the different phases very well, make sure they have the materials and resources necessary to develop their part of the topic.
6. Learning together
Students work in small groups (3 people) that are heterogeneous. The task is posed in a way that makes interdependence necessary (with a single material or with a division of activities that are later integrated).
The groups work with activity sheets specially designed by the teacher and when they have finished doing these tasks, perform a single collective work that they deliver to the teacher. The group's product is evaluated based on certain criteria specified in advance, rewarding the team that has performed the best.
7. Group research or project work
Here the distribution of students by teams is made according to the preferences of the students themselves. The students choose, according to their aptitudes or interests, specific subtopics within a topic proposed by the teacher and the teams are formed. Students with the teacher's advice and help plan the tasks and objectives for the study of the subject.
Each team works on its topic and distributes the specific tasks that it implies among its members to develop it and prepare a final report. The teacher encourages and advises the development of a plan that allows the task to be carried out well, using various materials and sources of information and discussing it among the team members, who at the end present the result of their work to the class. Both the teacher and the students evaluate the product of each group.
Prior to any activity or cooperative work, the teacher makes a presentation of the topic to be worked on and feels what the students know about it, what interests them the most and explains the task to be carried out. During team work the teacher supervises and acts as a beacon and reference that guides, guides and encourages students in their work.
There are many cooperative learning techniques, here we only propose three of them, the teachers will select the most appropriate to the learning objective and the needs of the class group.
You can read more articles similar to 7 cool cooperative learning activities for kids, in the School / College category on site.
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Herodías: origin and meaning of the name for girl Herodías
We highlight in our dictionary the name for a girl: Herodias. You will find in our meaning finder of all baby names.
History of the name Herodias
Herod's female form. Herod Antipas's wife's name.
Meaning of name Herodías
Origin of the name Herodías
Famous people with the name Herodias
- Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian politician (1948)
Herodias name coloring pages printable game
BCBG names: a chic choiceView the slideshow
Alix, Como, Appoline, Augustin, Béréngère ... the names BCBG (good chic, good kind) are not necessarily snobs, but are mostly a tribute to tradition. Are you looking for a "classy" first name for your future baby? Draw ideas.
See also in video: the girls and boys retro names
ALL OUR THEMES NAMES >>
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BCBG names: a chic choice (20 photos)
- In Rome and Greece, the name "sibyl" (Greek "sibylla", meaning who knows the will of the gods) was attributed to women who read the future in oracles ... a name with a certain charm for your future baby. It is celebrated on October 9 to honor a 13th century Cistercian Belgian nun.
More On Sibylle
- An ideal name for a baby of love because it comes from the Greek "kupris", meaning native of the island of Cyprus, considered as the island of Venus, the goddess of love! It is celebrated on September 16 in tribute to Saint Cyprian, bishop of Carthage in Tunisia in the third century.
Celebrities with the name Cyprien, character ... click here
- This is a beautiful name that comes from the Greek "agathê", meaning brave and good. Very common in the Middle Ages and the nineteenth century, he returned today. It is celebrated on February 5 for Saint Agatha of Catania in Sicily who was tortured on hot coals around 450. According to legend, a gigantic earthquake shook the city ... and a year later Etna appeared.
Celebrities with the name Agathe, character ... click here
- From the Greek "hippos", horse, and "lutos", tamer. It is therefore "the man who tames the horses". In Greek mythology, Hippolyte is the son of Theseus who, after having rejected the advances of his mother-in-law Phedre, was unjustly accused by her and sentenced to death by her father. The story goes that Theseus raised the wrath of Poseidon to destroy him. It is celebrated on August 13 with Saint Hippolyte, brilliant theologian of the third century.
Celebrities with the name Hippolyte, character ... click here
- From the Greek "apellos", which arouses, which inspires (the creation), name of the god Apollo, god of the light and the beauty, son of Zeus and Leto ... that is a name of all beauty for your little girl. Of Antique origin, it was again in vogue at the Renaissance. To celebrate February 9 for St. Apolline, a Christian of Alexandria who, brave, preferred to throw herself into the stake that had been prepared for his ordeal.
Celebrities with the name Apolline, character ... click here
- Alice's form, from the Germanic "adal" which means noble, is a mixed first name mostly attributed to little girls at 80%. Midway between Alex (andra) and Alice, he is appreciated in society circles. This is the name of a hero from a comic strip set in the time of the Romans. It is celebrated on the 9th of January for Blessed Alix-le-Clerc. Born at the end of the 16th century into a wealthy Vosgian family, she decided to devote herself to God and founded a congregation, the Canonesses of Our Lady, dedicated to the free education of girls.
Celebrities with the name Alix, character ... click here
- Want a little daring girl? The name Leopoldine is for you. It comes indeed from the Germanic "liut", the people, and "bald", audacious, brave. It was the name of the eldest daughter of Victor Hugo. It is celebrated on November 15 with Saint Leopold who was considered in the twelfth century as the father of the poor.
- From the Latin word "sextus" which means the sixth, here is an original and chic name for your daughter. Female name Sixte (much less sweet), it is a name unusual in France, except in the notebooks of Figaro. It is celebrated on April 3 or August 7 for Pope Sixtus II who died martyred in 258.
- In the Middle Ages, this name was as well attributed to girls as to boys. Today, it is feminine that we find it only. From the Greek "Isauria", designating Isauria ", a region of Asia Minor populated by pirates, it is celebrated on June 17 in honor of Saint Isaure, who was martyr in Macedonia.
- At the same time BCBG and uncommon, here is a medieval name that could please you for your little boy! It comes from the Germanic "engil", the angel, and "hramm", the raven, symbol of the Nordic god Odin. It is celebrated on October 25 with Enguerrand of Metz, who in the eighth accompanied Charlemagne in his campaign against the Avars of Hungary.
- A lucky little warrior ... here is the meaning of this beautiful boy's name with a retro charm. It comes indeed from the germain "ed", riches, goods, and "gari", lance. It is celebrated July 8 in tribute to Saint Edgar the Pacific, King of England in the tenth century who fought against paganism and restores order and peace in his country.
Celebrities with the name Edgar, character ... click here
- Venerable, majestic ... that's the Latin meaning of "Augustus" from which this boy's name comes. It is celebrated August 28 with St. Augustine, bishop in Algeria who died in 430 at the time of the barbarian invasions.
Celebrities with the name Augustin, character ... click here
- From the Greek "cosmos" which means order, here is a name with a certain charm for your little boy. It is celebrated on September 26 in tribute to St. Cosmas, twin brother of St. Damian, who practiced medicine for free in Arabia for the sake of Christ.
- Born from the Aramaic (language spoken by Christ) "Magdala", name of a village in Palestine, Madeleine also evokes the cupcake so dear to Proust and our childhood. It is celebrated on July 22 to honor Mary Magdalene, faithful follower of Christ.
Celebrities with the first name Madeleine, character ... click here
- Brilliant, clever ... here is what gives the etymology of this name. Ideal for your little girl, right? It is celebrated on November 6 in tribute to Saint Bertille, young noble of the region of Soissons who opted for a pious and exemplary life in the eighth century.
Celebrities with the name Bertille, character ... click here
- This name comes from the Latin "blaesus", meaning the one who stammers, who stutters, but know that, in the time of the Romans, it was a sign of a direct communication with the Gods ... It is celebrated on February 3 in tribute to saint Blaise, hermit healer of the third and fourth centuries.
- A chivalrous name for your little boy. Derived from the Germanic word "amal" which designated the members of the large family of Amales, from which came many kings goths and Visigoths. It is celebrated on January 15th or September 22nd.
- Meaning woman, house in Latin, Domitilla was also the Roman name given to the women of an important Roman family from which the emperor Domitian was born in the 1st century. Classroom ! It is celebrated on May 7 for a Roman lady cousin of the emperor who converted to Christianity and was deported to an island.
- ... or Bérangère if you wish, here is a name that comes from the Germanic "ber," the bear, and "gari", the spear. A real warrior is waiting for you! Berengaria was also a Spanish princess who married Richard Lionheart. His feast is May 26 for Saint Beranger, monk of the eleventh century at the origin of many miracles.
- Did you know it's a mixed first name? This chic name comes from the Latin "constantia", meaning perseverance, constancy, stability and, under the Roman Empire, Constantia was the female equivalent of Constantine. Name very widespread until the nineteenth century, he has had an eclipse and is back today. It is celebrated on April 8th homage to Saint Constance who was queen, then regent of the kingdom of Aragon in the thirteenth century.
Celebrities with the name Constance, character, derivatives ... click here
To discover :
Underestimate girls' pain than boys
Choosing our baby's name can be a real headache. Sometimes we can have it very clear from the beginning but in others it can be difficult to choose one or the other option.
The meaning of some names are linked to the universe and the stars, the moon being the protagonist of many of them, due to its beauty and magnetism. From our site we propose these ten name ideas for girls that mean or refer to the attributes of the moon.
1- Amaris: is a name for a girl of Hebrew origin that means 'son of the moon'.
2- Illazki: It is a name of Basque origin and in Basque it means 'sister moon'. According to the legends of the Basque people, she was Amalur, Mother Earth, the creator of Illazki, the sister moon.
3- Badir: is a name of Arabic origin. It means 'full moon'. It has another variant which is Badr and it is widely used in Morocco.
4- Chandra: is a feminine name used in Hinduism to refer to the god of the Moon. It literally means ‘shine’. Its origin is Hindu.
5- Moon: It is a name of Latin origin that means' beautiful like the Moon 'or also' the one that illuminates. Although its use is widespread throughout the world, in recent years its use has been revitalized by the popularity of the Argentine television series ‘Soy Luna’. Among the most used variants we find Lúa, in Galician, or Lluna in Catalan, among others.
6- Killari: In Quechua or Quichua, a language family native to the Andes, this feminine name symbolizes the ‘moonlight’.
7- Nahiara: the origin of this name is Arabic and means 'moonlight'. In recent years, the use of its Naiara variant has become popular throughout the world, especially in Spain.
8- Selene: It is a name of Greek origin and means 'beautiful like the Moon'. In Greek mythology she was an ancient lunar goddess daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Tea. Its equivalent in Roman mythology was the Moon goddess. Its variant Selena is more widespread throughout the world. The popularity of the American actress and singer Selena Gómez has contributed to some extent to this.
9- Mizuki: it is a name of Japanese origin that means 'pretty moon'.
10- Yue: it is a name of Chinese origin with which the lunar star is mentioned.
You can read more articles similar to 10 names for girls that mean moon, in the On-site Names category.