Your 1-week-old's development

Your 1-week-old's development



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Prenatal test: Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

2:33 min| 879,089 views

Chorionic villus sampling, or CVS, is one of several possible prenatal tests that doctors can use to determine if a developing baby has a chromosomal abnormality or a genetic disorder. In this procedure, the doctor will extract and analyze a tiny sample of the placenta to make the diagnosis. Watch the video to learn why expecting parents typically choose to have the procedure, how it's done, and what to expect after it's completed.

Show transcript

If you would like conclusive information about your growing baby's health, one test you might consider is chorionic villus sampling, or CVS. This test can detect chromosomal abnormalities like Down syndrome and genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis with certainty.

You might choose to get CVS if your baby is at a higher risk for developing an abnormality based on your age, family history, the results of a screening test, or you may have no risk factors but would still like to know more about your baby's health.

CVS is similar to another prenatal test called amniocentesis: Both are invasive procedures that can provide conclusive information about your baby's health, and both carry a small risk of miscarriage.

However, CVS is done between 10 and 13 weeks of pregnancy, and you have to wait until 16 weeks to have an amnio.

A CVS test involves taking a tiny sample of tissue from the placenta for analysis.

The doctor uses ultrasound for guidance. You'll need to have a full bladder to provide a good view of the uterus while he inserts a thin tube through your cervix or a needle through your abdomen to collect the sample. You may feel some cramping or discomfort.

The whole procedure typically takes 30 minutes, and when it's done the doctor will check your baby's heartbeat.

"Baby's heartbeat?"

"Sounds great!"

Plan to have someone else drive you home, and take it easy for the rest of the day. For the next two or three days, avoid strenuous activity and intercourse. If you had the test done cervically, avoid swimming and taking baths as well.

It's normal to have some cramping or light bleeding a day or two after the procedure. But let your doctor know right away if you have significant cramping, heavy vaginal bleeding, leaking amniotic fluid, or fever.

Typically, you'll have some results in seven to 10 days and the rest in two to four weeks.

If CVS shows that your baby has a problem, your healthcare provider or genetic counselor can give you more information, discuss your options, and refer you to support services.

Make sure you understand the answers to all of your questions. You'll have greater peace of mind knowing more about your baby's health.

Video production by MEg TV.



The best alternative education systems for children. Differences between them

The best alternative education systems for children. Differences between them

What if the Montessori system, no, what better the Waldorf system ... In the end, we have doubts. Which one will be the best? Although the first question to answer may be this other: do you know them? Do you know what each of these alternative educational systems is based on? What is the difference between them?

We offer you a selection of the main educational learning systems. We look for the differences and similarities between the best alternative education systems for children. And here is the result.

There are many types of alternative education systems to the conventional one. Some have similarities but also some differences. We explain what each of them is based on and what differentiates them from the rest. Perhaps this way you can reflect on which one you prefer for your child's education. Here you have them: these are the best alternative education systems for children, with its pros and cons:

1. Montessori educational system: Educational system very followed around the world. It was created by the Italian pedagogue María Montessori, and is based on learning as something attractive and fun through play and respect for the individualities and the rhythm of learning of each child. The protagonist of learning is the child, and didactic methods are used in order to learn. Its basic pillars ?: autonomy of the child, freedom, right to choose, self-discipline and development of will.

2. Constructivist method: The point is not that the child learns everything by heart, but rather that he learns to use the different educational tools at his disposal to use the knowledge he needs to face life. It is a very practical learning method.

3. Waldorf method: It is an educational system created by the Swiss philosopher Rudolf Steiner. The truth is that it shares many similarities with the Montessori method, in the sense that it seeks to train children so that in the future they can renew society. For this, the focus is on each child, on their skills and creativity and on how they can use them for the global good of society. There is no pressure from exams and grades and the aim is to enhance individual skills without forgetting to encourage teamwork.

4. Pikler Pedagogy: The Pikler philosophy is based on the independence and autonomy of the child, from a very young age. It draws on attachment theory, Montessori philosophy and, to a large extent, constructivism as well. For children to achieve their goals, they say, you need to be autonomous, but for this, you need a lot of affection and a strong attachment to the people who surround you, care for you and educate you.

5. Democratic schools: Out with hierarchies! Teachers are just children and decisions are made together. In these schools, the children's curiosity to learn is encouraged and they are left to decide what they want to learn and when. Their ways of working are based on democratic principles. There are no qualifications but there are penalties. When someone does something wrong, the rest of the children meet in an assembly to discuss a possible solution. If they cannot find it, a 'punishment' can be established.

6. Amara Berri System: Based on experimentation, the Amara Berri educational system (San Sebastián, Spain) is committed to a practical, and less theoretical, educational model. That children can learn by testing, researching and analyzing. Teachers do not give them answers, but help them find them. The learning rhythm of each child is respected and the skills of each one are enhanced. The classrooms are practical places: mathematics is learned by forming a market, oral expression and debate are promoted, critical thinking ...

7. Free school: It is a totally alternative educational system, which is located outside the official educational system. It is based on respecting the child's learning pace and fostering curiosity, creativity and personal development. They pick up the baton from the old humanist schools.

8. Paulo Freire Popular School: The creator is a Brazilian educator (Paulo Freire) who is committed to an alternative to classical education for all children, not just for those who can afford it. His ideal is to get children with critical thinking, promote freedom of thought and creativity and of course, get more independent children who are curious to learn, who know how to make an effort and persevere in the achievement of their goals. Its educational system (created in 2005) seeks to involve children in reality so that in the future they can change the world.

9. Day Mothers: They are a recent alternative to classic nurseries. They are people specialized in children (pedagogues, child psychologists) who present a warmer and more personalized educational method to babies from 0 to 3 years old. They also have a food handling degree and a first aid course. They welcome children into their home and offer them a familiar environment and a mix in their educational system between the Montessori, Waldorf or Pikler modalities.

10. Reggio Emilia Philosophy: An educational system that was born in 1945 in northern Italy. The name is given by the town where he was born: Reggio Emilia, although its founder is called Loris Malaguzzi. It is so valued around the world that even Harvard University itself studies it as a role model. Its basic principles? The child is the protagonist. The educator is only a companion on his learning journey. It is also your guide to help you at all times. The rhythm of each child must be respected and their curiosity to learn and discover the world must be enhanced. The design of the classrooms respond to an educational and practical reason. It is a harmonious design where children are well. Families, on the other hand, have an active and very important participation.

You can read more articles similar to The best alternative education systems for children. Differences between them, in the On-site Learning category.

Alternative education system: Mr Sonum Wangchuk, Founder, SECMOL and HIAL



7 cravings during pregnancy with their meanings

7 cravings during pregnancy with their meanings

Heres Why You Crave Chips and Chocolate Before Your Period



What is mindfulness for children and adults

Do you know what it is mindfulness? What is it for? What differences does it have with meditation? As practiced? Patricia Diaz-Caneja, Mindfulness specialist, explains in this video of Guiainfantil.com, what mindfulness is and what it is used for, as well as its relationship to meditation.

You can read more articles similar to What is mindfulness for children and adults, in the Health on site category.

Richard Paulson, M.D.

Richard J. Paulson is professor and vice-chair of obstetrics and gynecology and chief of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California. His major interest is reproductive aging with an emphasis on human embryo implantation.

Paulson has served as deputy editor of Fertility and Sterility and on several editorial boards, including the Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics. He is past president of the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility and of the Pacific Coast Reproductive Society. He's a Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and past member of the Board of Directors of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Paulson has written more than 150 scientific articles and chapters, delivered more than a hundred invited talks, and received numerous research awards. He has been listed in The Best Doctors in America continuously since 1994. Paulson is a co-editor of Mishell’s Textbook of Infertility, Contraception, and Reproductive Endocrinology and Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology. He has also co-authored a lay book, Rewinding Your Biological Clock: Motherhood Late in Life, and was the technical advisor for Infertility for Dummies.

Meet Jacqueline Ho.



Protective Cream Calendula Face, Weleda Baby

Smooth and very nourishing, it shelters wind, cold and rain and prevents drying out. The extract of calendula flowers calm and soothes irritation. Its beeswax deposits a protective film on the surface of the epidermis. 5,90 € the 50 ml.

Smooth and very nourishing, it shelters wind, cold and rain and prevents drying out. The extract of calendula flowers calm and soothes irritation. Its beeswax deposits a protective film on the surface of the epidermis.
5,90 € the 50 ml.

Language in children with autism

Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral problems. These aspects can be presented in different ways in each of the people. Therefore, rather than talking about autism as an entity, we must consider autism spectrum disorders.

One of the great problems of children with autism is language and verbal communication, which is closely linked to behavioral disturbances.

Each child is a world, and their development is determined by different factors. According to various authors, children with autism can develop language in the following ways:

- Autistic children who do not develop any type of oral language.

- Children who acquire language with delay, both in understanding and in expression.

- Children whose language has abnormalities such as echolalia, pragmatic disorders, alterations in prosody or in the use of certain words.

It is very important to encourage communication with these children. However, speech therapy intervention in these cases is much broader, and would cover different aspects:

1- Acquisition of the basic requirements for language development:

Aspects such as:

- Attention.

- Basic communication skills.

- Order tracking and imitation.

- Symbolic game.

2- Eliminate inappropriate behaviors:

The aim is to reduce the frequency of inappropriate behaviors and increase the frequency of appropriate behaviors.

3- Alternative or augmentative communication system:

Depending on the child's language level, we can assess the introduction of an alternative or augmentative system of communication. Also, it is important to reinforce all levels of language: phonetics-phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, all depending on the capacities of each child.

We must adapt the intervention to each of the children at all times. Therefore, a thorough evaluation and constant adaptation of the intervention program based on the child's progress will be necessary.

Likewise, it will be important to inform the parents of the diagnosis of their child and its implications, of the objectives of the treatment and of the course of the same. In addition, the speech therapist must be in direct contact with the professionals of the school, to carry out a joint intervention and optimize the results.

You can read more articles similar to Language in children with autism, in the Autism category on site.



Children's curiosity is endless. And more to a subject as fascinating as space. The mysteries of the Universe draw a lot of attention to children. And questions are often thrown at us that we are not prepared for.

'Why don't the stars fall?' 'When will the sun go out?' These are some of the most common questions children ask. Could you answer them? Don't worry, because we help you. Find here the answers to the main questions of children about space.

The stars, the planets ... the universe! Just the fact of thinking that the universe is infinite, escapes our understanding, right? Imagine the number of questions that children come up with. Some have no answer (at the moment), but others do. Here they are:

1. Why don't the stars fall? Stick with this word: 'Gravity'. The stars do not fall thanks to the forces of gravity which also prevent the planets from falling or colliding with each other. For example, the planets are kept in order thanks to the gravity exerted by the Sun. This is a very large force of attraction. We can say that the force of gravity allows bodies to float in space.

2. What is a shooting star? Okay, it's going to surprise you, but shooting stars aren't really stars. They are small meteors. You know, pieces of rock or stones of different sizes. Most of them come from the remains of collisions between asteroids. Upon entering our atmosphere (because the force of gravity attracts them), they become incandescent, as if they were burned and that is why they glow. And you know: if you see any, make a wish.

3. Why is the Sun so bright? The Sun is like a ball of fire. The Sun is composed, attention, of Helium hydrogen. Ok, it will sound strange to you, but you should know that an element that produces a lot but a lot of heat, and that undergoes constant nuclear reactions. Imagine how much heat it can generate!

4. When will the Sun go out? You already know that the Sun is a star, and that it is very old. It is believed to have already celebrated more than 4.5 billion birthdays. Many! Well, it still has another 4.5 billion years left. What happens is that the Earth will die sooner, in approximately 1 billion years, because the sunlight will be so powerful that the water will evaporate.

5. What is in a black hole? Black holes are part of the undeciphered mystery of the universe. Do you know why it is black? Because it has such a force of attraction that not even light can escape them. Therefore, we cannot know what is inside. No one can get near them without being swallowed. It is known what generates them. Do you want to know? A star! A large and very powerful star, when it dies, that explodes generating so much force of gravity that it ends up creating a black hole. I know what you think. And no: the Sun will not turn into a black hole because it is too small.

6. Where is the end of the Universe? Phew! If you ever get the answer, you will win the Nobel Prize in Astrophysics. You know why? Because the Universe continues to expand and we are not able to measure it. At the moment it is something that escapes us .. Will you be able to find the answer?

7. Can there be more planets like Earth? Do aliens exist? Wow, finally we find the eternal question of man. Would you be excited to find life on other planets? Well, it seems quite probable that there is, although surely we will never get to greet the aliens. The universe is so big, that by probability, scientists trust that a planet like ours exists, and that it harbors some kind of life. But those planets would be so far away that we couldn't get to them. Although in the future ... who knows!

You can read more articles similar to 7 clever questions from kids about space, in the On-site Learning category.