Take care of your baby's skin

Take care of your baby's skin

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Apple jam

If you have already started preparations for winter preserves, you should also try a jam recipe, and apple jam is a good suggestion.

Preparation time: 80 minutes

Difficulty: environment


2 kg apples;

1 l of water;

3 lemons (bark, juice);

1.8 kg old;

1 cinnamon sticks.

Method of preparation

Clean the peel apples and seeds, then cut them into pieces or shave them. Give the lemons a grill, then squeeze the juice well.

Put the shells and apples in a gauze.

In a saucepan put the juice and lemon peel to boil with the shells and apples. Add the apples. If using ginger, boil the ginger. After boiling, and the juice has become slightly viscous, remove the gauze.

Add the sugar to the pan and let them boil together until the juice has thickened well and the fruit has softened.

Take the pan from the heat, and after it has cooled, put the jam in jars to cover with lids to seal tightly.

Type of kitchen: International

Apples tags

Diet for healthy post-baby weight loss

Diet for healthy post-baby weight loss

Eager to get back into shape now that you're no longer pregnant? For long-term success – and to keep yourself feeling good along the way – keep these tips in mind.

Don't start dieting too soon

Your body needs time to recover from labor and delivery. Give yourself until your six-week postpartum checkup before you start watching your calorie intake and actively trying to slim down. And if you're breastfeeding, experts recommend that you wait until your baby is at least 2 months old before you try to lose weight. (If you're a nursing mom, you may also want to read our article on a healthy breastfeeding diet.)

Starting a diet too soon after giving birth can delay your recovery and make you feel more tired – and you need all the energy you can muster to adjust to life with your newborn. In addition, if you're nursing, dieting can affect your milk supply. If you're patient and give your body a chance to do its work, you may be surprised at how much weight you lose naturally, especially if you're breastfeeding.

Be realistic about weight loss

Keep in mind that you may not be able to return to your exact pre-pregnancy weight or shape. For many women, pregnancy causes permanent changes such as a softer belly, slightly wider hips, and a larger waistline. With this in mind, you might want to adjust your goals a bit. For a reality check, see our photo gallery of real post-baby bellies.

Embrace exercise

There's no magic pill to help you lose weight: A healthy diet combined with regular exercise is the best way to shed the pounds – and to keep them off. And it's important to exercise while trying to lose weight to ensure you're losing fat instead of muscle.

Once you're ready to begin losing weight, start by eating a little less and being more active – even if you're just taking a quick walk around the block with your baby in the stroller.

Find out whether your body is ready for exercise and visit our postpartum fitness area for information on getting back into shape.

Lose weight slowly

Don't go on a strict, restrictive diet. Women need a minimum of 1,200 calories a day to stay healthy, and most women need more than that – between 1,500 and 2,200 calories a day – to keep up their energy and prevent mood swings. And if you're nursing, you need a bare minimum of 1,800 calories a day (most nursing moms need more like 2,000 to 2,700 calories) to nourish both yourself and your baby.

If you're breastfeeding, you'll want to make sure to take it slow – losing weight too quickly can cause a decrease in your milk supply.

Too-rapid weight loss can also release toxins that are stored in your body fat into the bloodstream – and into your milk supply. (Toxins that can make it into your bloodstream include environmental contaminants like the heavy metals lead and mercury, persistent organic pollutants like PCBs and dioxins, and solvents.)

Weight loss of about a pound and a half a week is safe and won't affect your milk supply if you're nursing. To achieve this, cut out 500 calories a day from your current diet (without dipping below the safe minimum) by either decreasing your food intake or increasing your activity level.

Eat up – and take your time!

With a new baby and schedule, it can be hard to find the time to eat. But skipping meals can make energy levels lag – and it won't help you lose weight. Many moms find that eating five to six small meals a day with healthy snacks in between (rather than three larger meals) fits their appetite and schedule better. (A small meal might be half a sandwich, some carrot sticks, fruit, and a glass of milk.)

Don't skip meals in an attempt to lose weight – it won't help, because you'll be more likely to eat more at other meals. And you'll also probably feel tired and grouchy.

Even if you've never been much of a breakfast person, keep in mind that eating breakfast can help keep you from feeling famished – and tired – later in the morning, and it can give you the energy to be more active.

In addition, numerous studies show that skipping breakfast can sabotage your weight loss efforts. According to the National Weight Control Registry, which has tallied the successful strategies of dieters who have lost an average of 66 pounds and kept it off for 5.5 years, 78 percent of the dieters eat breakfast daily. Slow your eating down, too, if possible. When you take your time eating, you'll notice that it's easier to tell when you feel full – and you're less likely to overeat.

Be choosy about foods and drinks

Research shows that consuming low-fat milk and dairy products and choosing whole grain products like whole wheat bread and whole grain cereal can help you lose weight. Other good choices include low-fat, high-fiber foods such as fruits (like apples, oranges, and berries) and raw vegetables (like carrots, jicama, and red pepper strips) for healthy snacks.

Other ways to squeeze in more fruits and veggies: Make fruit (or veggie) smoothies, use fruit or vegetable salsas or vegetable reduction sauces (sauces made from puréed vegetables) over fish or chicken, add shredded carrots to your sandwich, try grilled vegetables, and try puréed vegetable soups. (Puréeing your soup makes it creamy without having to add cream, which is high in calories and saturated fat. It's also a great way to eat veggies you might not ordinarily eat on their own.)

Fat has twice as many calories as carbohydrates or proteins, so trimming the extra fat from your diet is probably the easiest way to cut calories. Look for low-fat or fat-free dairy products (you don't need to drink whole milk in order to make quality breast milk!), choose broiled or baked rather than fried foods, and limit your intake of sweets, which have extra calories from sugar and fat.

Keep in mind, though, that fat is an important nutrient, so your goal isn't to eliminate it from your diet. In fact, including some fat at each meal will help you stay full and keep you from overeating carbohydrates. (Too many calories from any source – fat, protein, or carbs – can lead to weight gain or keep you from accomplishing weight loss.)

The trick is to choose "good" fats rather than "bad" fats. The best fats are mono- and polyunsaturated fats, like those in canola oil, olive oil, avocado, olives, nuts and seeds, and fatty fish like salmon. The oils to avoid are saturated and trans fats, which can contribute to heart disease and perhaps diabetes, and can be transferred to breast milk, too.

Saturated fats are found in meats and dairy products, and trans fats are typically found in many fried foods, snack foods, and baked goods. (Food labels specify which kinds of fats the products contain.)

Finally, although you should be drinking about 8 or 9 cups of fluids each day, watch what you drink – a surprising number of calories can be hidden in juice, soda, and coffee drinks.

Daily food plan for healthy post-baby weight loss

The food plan below adds up to 2,200 calories a day for breastfeeding moms. For non-breastfeeding moms, it totals 1,800 calories a day. Use this as a rough guide – your individual calorie needs will vary depending on your weight, metabolism, and activity level, and also on how much you're breastfeeding.

View and print daily food plan.

HOW TO: Lose Weight Fast While Breastfeeding

There is nothing that gives us more pleasure than discovering recipes that are not only delicious but also very healthy and easy to make. These eggplant burgers It is an example that with very few ingredients, in addition to being inexpensive, a simple and rich dish can be prepared, and very attractive to our children.

We invite you to prepare a recipe rich in vegetables that has nothing to envy to meat burgers. Children will suck their fingers and want to repeat them.


  • 2 aubergines
  • 100 gr of breadcrumbs
  • 1 egg
  • 1 onion
  • 2 cloves of garlic
  • Olive oil
  • Salt
  • Tips: instead of breadcrumbs you can use oatmeal or even a slice of bread or loaf, crumbled
  • Chopped parsley

Guiainfantil.com teaches us how to make this recipe, step by step, ideal for those who follow a vegetarian diet and for those who are overweight or constipated. Oh, how hungry! Let's go to the kitchen!

1. Wash the aubergines, cut them in half vertically, and arrange them in a bowl.

2. With the help of a knife, make cross cuts in both directions in the pulp of the aubergine and sprinkle it with a little oil and salt.

3. Take the dish to the oven, preheated, for about 15 minutes or until the pulp of the aubergine is soft.

4. Remove the aubergines from the oven and let them cool.

5. Meanwhile, chop the garlic cloves and onion, very finely, and bring them to low heat in a pan with a little oil until they are done. Remove from the heat and reserve.

6. Remove the pulp from the skin of the aubergines and chop it into small pieces.

7. Mix the pulp with the garlic and onion mixture. Add the egg, a pinch of salt, the chopped parsley and the breadcrumbs. Mix everything very well until you get a compact mass.

8. With our hands, we shape the hamburgers and the batters only with a little breadcrumbs. Put them in the fridge for one or two hours.

9. Heat the oil well in a frying pan and let the patties brown on both sides. Let them rest on kitchen paper so that they lose excess fat, and we already have our aubergine burgers done and straight.

10. You can accompany them with a tomato salad or with a cheese sauce, tomato sauce, red peppers, or even yogurt, according to the taste of each one.

You can read more articles similar to How to prepare eggplant burgers. Easy and healthy recipe, in the Vegetables category - vegetables on site.

My son of 11 months and a half has been eating "spicy" (but not spicy) dishes for a long time. He loves it. Here is a recipe he likes a lot:


  • chicken breasts, onion, olive oil, ginger, salt, pepper, broccoli, potato, parsley, coriander


I cut the pieces of chicken and a little onion that I put back in a few drops of olive oil. Then I add ginger, a hint of salt and pepper and water, and I cook. Once the chicken is almost cooked, I add broccoli and potato (sometimes also a small piece of tomato) and I let it all cook (we can also add parsley and chopped fresh coriander). I mix then and baby can feast. This recipe can also be made with zucchini-potato or carrot-potato.

Doctor's advice: Risk of serious, possibly fatal, epidemics in Romania. Bucharest, in the danger zone!

Doctor's advice: Risk of serious, possibly fatal, epidemics in Romania. Bucharest, in the danger zone!

A quarter of Bucharest children they are no longer vaccinated annually against very serious diseases, with deadly potential, under the conditions in which vaccination coverage below 80% can lead to outbreaks.

At the level of the whole country, the coverage reached 85-90%, but the trend is decreasing from year to year, he says professor Alexandru Rafila, PhD.

In an interview with Ziare.com, Prof. Dr. Rafila showed that people who they are informed on the Internet, educated, with good incomes, they are exactly those among whom are selected those who do not vaccinate their children because they no longer see the effects of the diseases, which have become very rare, but also because of the natural way:

"Many believe it is good to get immunized by the disease. You do not immunize yourself with the tempting disease, but you die. Same with diphtheria."

Professor Rafila explained what are the possible major adverse effects of vaccines, how frequent they are, but what is the risk if the number of vaccinations will continue to decrease:

"Epidemias with cases of disease of varying severity, but possibly also fatal cases. Everything is possible, if the vaccine coverage will be small."

The Minister of Health has sounded an alarm about the decrease in the number of vaccinations among children. How serious is the situation?

We are talking about vaccines from the national immunization program (PNI), known as mandatory vaccines, which are aimed at children. They are purchased from the budget of the Ministry of Health and sent through public health departments to family doctors, maternity hospitals, etc.

There are two vaccines commonly considered for estimating vaccine coverage: diphtheria - tetanus - pertussis, DTP, rubella - rujeola - oreion, ROR. Vaccine coverage for them is between 85-90% nationally, with several places of concern. One is Bucharest, where the coverage is between 70 and 75%.

Coverage below 80% is insufficient and can lead to outbreaks, and the coverage that provides collective protection, recommended by WHO, it is 95%. 10 years ago I had this percentage, it has decreased slowly and, if the trend continues, we will reach the danger zone.

The percentage of vaccine coverage is not evenly distributed in the territory and the unvaccinated children accumulate year by year. Admission of children to communities is subject to vaccination in many countries. In Romania, the unvaccinated are also received and we should find a unitary solution together with the Ministry of Education.

Why exactly this downward trend, and especially in Bucharest, where I understand that we are in the danger zone?

I didn't do a study, but from experience I found that the people who are informed on the Internet, educated, with good incomes are exactly those among whom those who do not vaccinate their children are selected.

One reason is that vaccine preventable diseases have disappeared from the landscape and the danger is no longer visible. When I was a child, I often saw the aftermath of polio, young people with various forms of disability or even in a stroller. When a parent sees this, he or she understands the importance of vaccination. These diseases have become very rare precisely because of the vaccination and hence the feeling that nothing can happen. But it's not.

The only disease Eradicated by vaccination is smallpox. WHO's next target was eradication polio. In 2002, I declared the European region WHO (Europe + former Soviet states) free polio virus. But there is cases in Afghanistan, Syria, Pakistan and so on In Israel, polio virus was detected in wastewater. Under the conditions of free movement of persons, emigration, if the virus is brought into areas with unvaccinated population, the impact is major.

This reason is combined with the naturalistic approach. Many believe it is good to get immunized by the disease. You do not immunize yourself with the tempting disease, but you die. Same with diphtheria. But even in the case of other diseases, some are really immunized, though others have complications and die, depending on the biological ability of the body to go through an infection.

And there's another cause, we must acknowledge the discontinuity in the supply of vaccine. If the parent comes a few times to the doctor and he does not have the vaccine available, he eventually gives up.

This is exactly what family doctors have been calling for: they have not been vaccinated for two months.

The supply of vaccines is very difficult because there are very few manufacturers of vaccines combined. These have the advantage of not stinging the child several times. This is the vaccine hexavalent which immunizes against six diseases, but which has a very complex production cycle of two or three years.

There are only two manufacturers worldwide and if one of them has production problems, a shortage can occur. Producers often allocate where they have long-term firm contracts. We went through this situation and the unvaccinated children were eventually recovered.

Adversaries of vaccination, on the one hand, accuse the overall inefficiency of vaccination, on the other hand, the risk of very serious adverse reactions. Are vaccines safe?

A vaccine for administration is never put on the market unless it meets two conditions. Safety, that is, it does not cause major adverse reactions, and effectiveness, that is, it produces a protective immune response. There is no 100% effective vaccine. In over 90% of cases, but depending on the body, the immune response may be more or less intense. Therefore, repeated administration and a booster are also performed.

But vaccines have clearly proven their effectiveness. Think of the fact that millions of children died each year, deaths eliminated by vaccination. How to talk about a plot against children? In addition, vaccines have substantially increased life expectancy. Infectious diseases are no longer the leading cause of mortality in our geographical area, as it was before vaccines began and as they are in some African countries.

Is it 100% safe? I am referring here to the adverse effects.

Of course, in one case out of a million vaccinations a major post-vaccine adverse reaction may occur. But we have to understand exactly the balance. If I have a measles epidemic, e.g, I will have tens, maybe hundreds of deaths, blindness, penumonias, encephalitis. If I vaccinate a million children I will eventually have a case of encephalitis.

Adversaries of vaccination account for it and autism.

Scientific studies have not shown a higher incidence of autism in those vaccinated against measles, because here was the suspicion, only to the unvaccinated. To link autism to measles vaccine is the same as HPV vaccine was related to car accidents, when in the US someone had such an accident after being vaccinated. There is no cause-effect link established by a scientific study.


An average of one in a million vaccinations occur on average. I repeat, on average. You can also get 10 million vaccinations without any case.

But all medicines can have major side effects. Common aspirin, for example, can also cause Reye syndrome, which is life-threatening.

If you only look at the side effects, the vaccine may raise question marks, but if all the vaccinated children had the disease? How many deaths, how many encephalitis or other complications? All are eliminated by vaccination.

Did you have any severe reaction in your activity?

Me, personally, none. It was a problem with the BCG vaccine imported from Denmark a few years ago. It was then a new product, there was no experience in its use and there were problems with administration. Subsequently, the same vaccine gave no further adverse reactions.

Another scare is related to the metals in the composition of vaccines, mercury and aluminum.

Mercury is a preservative used in very small quantities only for some vaccines. Studies have shown that it has no harmful effect. Dhow many of those who talk about these effects know that seafood or salmon, otherwise considered healthy food, contains more mercury than the vaccine?

Aluminum is an adjuvant used since the inception of vaccines. But we cook in aluminum pots, drink liquids from aluminum containers. But the quantities are very small and in vaccines, and in the normal diet, there are no effects on health.

You said that there are few manufacturers and hence the vaccine supply interruptions. In these circumstances, is not the situation of the Cantacuzino Institute, which is on the verge of closure, all the worse?

We need to understand exactly what products the institute has the capacity to achieve at the technological level imposed today: BCG and influenza vaccine, which is not part of PNI. The main argument would be related to the seasonal influenza vaccine and, especially, the pandemic one, to which we could have limited and expensive access.

This was the case in 2009, when the Cantacuzino Institute proved useful. After all, this type of production is an element of national security. As well as the reference laboratories that ensure the diagnosis of communicable diseases in public health emergencies.

Regarding the other vaccines included in the National Immunization Program, the institute did not develop a partnership that would allow them the technological acquisition necessary for their production. It is not just about investment, but also about know-how. Forcing a bit, it's like Dacia factories. If there was no solution to change the concept from a technological point of view, the old Dacians could no longer be marketed. And with vaccines, technological support must be found through partnerships.

The Ministry of Health proposed 3 years ago, through a memorandum approved in the Government, that the production unit from Cantacuzino should partner with "Antibiotice Iasi", a highly performing drug factory. It would have been a solution, being institutions where the Romanian state is sole owner, respectively majority owner.

The Minister of Health announces that a vaccination law is being worked on and that parents may be sent to prison if they refuse to be vaccinated. How far will it go?

The minister referred to legislation from several European countries that could be a model for inspiration.

In France, there may be this sanction, but in no case is this the intention. The law wants to encourage vaccination. Parents who understand that if they want healthy children, they need to be immunized.

And the right to health refers not only to the health of one's own child, but also to the health of other children. The idea that I do not vaccinate my child because the others are vaccinated and there is no danger is no longer valid if more than 20% are not vaccinated.

The law must also address solutions to ensure longer-term vaccine stocks so that delivery to vaccine physicians does not have syncope.

The medical personnel, who have access to information and to provide them, must also be held accountable. If the doctor does not give her all the answers, the parent goes to other, less credible sources.

This is not an information campaign that starts and ends, but about continuous, easily accessible information from professionals and medical institutions. If you have to wait half an hour to find the correct vaccine information, you will find it much easier to reach the providers of pseudo-scientific information.

I was surprised by the reaction of those who heard the intention of the law already signed a petition that I am against. Against what, if I do not know what the law will contain. This is definitely not good faith.

If the downward trend of vaccination continues, what are the most likely epidemics?

Outbreaks with cases of disease of varying severity, but possibly also fatal. I'll tell you what happened already. In 2005 we had a measles epidemic because the vaccination was interrupted for 8 months. The effect, more than 10 deaths.

I don't think we'll have an epidemic of poliomyelitis, but sporadic cases may occur. Everything is possible if the vaccine coverage will be low and the unvaccinated ones come in contact with infected people from a country where such cases are registered.

Source: ziare.com

Tags Vaccines for children

Things the doctor would like you to do for your child

Things the doctor would like you to do for your child

The quality of parenting comes with joys and challenges as you go. Raising the child is a major responsibility and you must get used to the child with some rules of life, which will help him to grow beautiful and healthy. Here are some things you should do for your child and for which your doctor will be grateful.

Don't turn the pot into a battle

Most parents worry when the little one, until the age of 2, does not go alone to pot. But experts believe that going to the pot is an important event in the life of a child. They will do this when they feel fit and ready. This event can be delayed up to 4 years.

Repeated and unsuccessful attempts to teach the child to learn how to go to pot can be a huge stress and will not help him learn faster.

It is very good to introduce the notion of "pot" at the age of 2 years, but you should avoid situations where you simply force the little one to go to pot or ask him every 5 minutes if he needs to.

Instead, you can start a program with rewards. For example, if your child tells you he needs the pot and you take it right away, you can reward him with a favorite object or toy.

Involve the little one in dialogue

Most parents know that reading aloud stories will help children develop their vocabulary. But experts believe that discussions with the child stimulate him more. In the evening or when you have more time, discuss with him about his day, walks in the park, kindergarten activities or lunch.

Ask questions that encourage dialogue. Children always have interesting topics to address. When they are with their parents at home they will be much more stimulated to discuss and participate in the conversations. Therefore, do not remove the child and let him express himself. This way he will develop his vocabulary and interact much better with his kindergarten colleagues.

Teach the child to wash their hands regularly

As your child grows up and goes to kindergarten, his social life is more and more alert. Even though there are major reasons for joy, as you get older, your child is much more exposed to infections and diseases.

Around the age of 2 - 3 years it is advisable to teach him to wash his hands alone. Go with him to the bathroom and explain to him what the role of water and soap is and how he should use them.

You have to get used to washing your hands when you come home from play or kindergarten, or when you touch various objects or get dirty. You also have to explain to her that it is essential to wash her hands after she has been to the bathroom and before eating.

In addition, to prevent infections, it is important to keep the house clean and tidy, to change the water from the humidifiers in the home and to clean the air conditioner filters. Otherwise, they can be easily contaminated with bacteria that can lead to serious health problems.

Get him to wear a helmet

Many children do not wear helmets when riding a bicycle or tricycle through the park or on the alleys in front of the block. Accidents can happen all the time, but the little ones can get seriously injured when they hit the concrete of the alleys directly.

It is thus advisable to teach them to wear a helmet when playing. If they don't want to wear it, don't let them ride their bikes. This way they will know what the rules are and will better appreciate the dangers to which they are exposed when not protected.

Do not use the doctor as a punishment

The threat of going to the doctor is very often used by parents when the little one is not happy. But this will not help you in the long run. In addition, when you really go to the doctor, the interaction between the doctor and your child will be a failure.

In short, appointments to a doctor or dentist will become real challenges and sources of stress for both parent and child.

Tags Baby Babies Olita Hand washing children Communication children

Riddle: In the giraffe it excels

Guess riddle

The neck

In the giraffe it excels,
under the king's beard,
any bottle has it,
the shirt or sweater.

Guess, guess ... Riddles for kids are a great way to stimulate intelligence, logic and creativity in your little ones. Also, this children's game provides a wonderful opportunity to spend time with the family.

For this reason, in GuiaInfantil we have created a fun application to play riddles as a family, with thousands of riddles to stimulate children in their learning and help them learn vocabulary with a fun game.

You can search children's riddles from different categories, pick a random puzzle, get clues, and enjoy an afternoon of family leisure, in the company of our mascot Ragged. Go ahead and try your luck!