24 Month Baby Development

24 Month Baby Development

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Starring the ferry!

"When can I ask for a circumcision for my baby?" Dr. Aurel Messas, surgeon-urologist, answers Ana's question.

The answer of Dr Urel Messas, surgeon-urologist *

  • Circumcision is an act of removing the foreskin, the small piece of skin that covers the glans, the tip of the penis. There are two types of circumcision. Ritual circumcision is practiced for customary or ethnic or religious reasons. Medical circumcision may be indicated in cases of phimosis.
  • Circumcision is a very common act and some doctors propose to practice circumcision in their office in town, by anesthetizing locally with an ointment (Emla). Or This is a surgical procedure that requires essential conditions of hygiene and asepsis that only an operating room can provide. Not to mention that it is now proven that children feel the pain and remember it. A traumatic memory of pain may be a problem for them in their future lives. It is therefore recommended to practice circumcision in the operating room and under general anesthesia, in a structure (hospital or clinic) that is used to take care of children.
  • Unless medical necessity, to practice circumcision it is better to wait until the child has reached the age of 1 year, when it will be more physiologically mature. In the meantime, if he makes urinary infections or balanitis (infections of the glans) because of phimosis, the pediatrician can put him on treatment antibiotics or corticosteroids. In case of failure, he can refer the child to a surgeon-urologist who will decide whether to operate or not.

* Head of the urology department at the Max Fourestier Hospital (Nanterre) and practitioner at the Alma Clinic (Paris).

Interview by Frédérique Odasso

All our baby expert answers

Depression during pregnancy

How sharing a room affects SUDI risk

Where your baby sleeps is a personal choice. It's best made after you think about your own family's needs and situation.

But it's important to know that there are some things, including where babies sleep, that affect the risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and fatal sleeping accidents.

It's recommended that you sleep with your baby in a cot next to your bed for the first 6-12 months. This kind of room-sharing, with separate beds for you and baby, has been shown to reduce the risk of SUDI including SIDS and fatal sleeping accidents.

You can read more about how to reduce the risk of SUDI including SIDS and fatal sleeping accidents in our article on safe sleeping.

Room-sharing in separate beds: other advantages

Parents who share rooms with their babies and have their babies in cots next to their beds say it has the following advantages:

  • If your baby is in a cot next to your bed, it lets you be close and respond quickly when your baby wakes.
  • You can check on your baby when you want to during the night.

And parents also say that room-sharing in separate beds has these advantages over co-sleeping with baby:

  • You get better sleep. Babies sleep very lightly, and their movements can disturb a parent sleeping in the same bed.
  • If babies are used to settling in their own beds, it's easier for them to sleep away from their parents at child care centres or in the care of friends or relatives.
  • It's easier to start babies off in their own beds than to change the sleeping arrangements at a later stage.
View the slideshow

More current than ever, the green trend also flourishes in the first names. Gaia, Eole, Calandra ... some names are green-friendly in their meaning or story close to Nature. Want a baby name "green"? This selection is for you!

To see also

The animal names

Flower first names

The fruity first names

Read also: the best strollers


20 first names for baby nature (20 photos)


From the Greek "gè", land, and "aia", grandmother, Gaia is one of the five primordial divinities, she is the goddess who symbolizes the nourishing earth and the personification of the Earth, called Mother Earth. A name that should please you if you are looking for roots ... and short names. His birthday: April 22nd.


No, it's not a geek name! Apple, or Apple in French, comes from the Latin "pomum", the fruit, it refers to the goddess Pomona, goddess of the Fruits in Roman mythology. This is the name of the daughter of Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin ... and it is far from being a forbidden name! His birthday: October 5th.


Sun in Breton, wind in Greek ... the meaning of this name breathes the fresh air! More ecological, it is to Eole, the wind god of Greek mythology that we owe the term "elionne". Side character, your little God to you will be full of energy (normal!) And optimistic. If it's a girl, think of Eoline, the feminine form. His birthday: November 10th. More about this name


From the Greek "ôkeanos", ocean, it is the name of a Greek god reigning over seas and rivers. Attributed since ancient times, this male given name has become very rare, while its female Océane out of the waves in the 70s surfing on a wave of progress.Sa party: September 18.


In Basque, this male name means wood, grove ... Out of the woods in the 200s, it is still rare, which could connect you! His birthday: January 29th.
Other ideas of Basque names


We will not make you all the (long) list of flower names, but we chose this one because it is the name of the goddess of Vegetation in Roman mythology and the names in "a" are popular. From the Latin "flos", "floris", the flower, Flora is more popular than Fleur, probably thanks to its softer ending. His birthday: October 5th.


Female name, Nejma means star, star in Arabic ... a poetic and rare choice that also comes in the forms Neijma, Najma, Nedjma, Najima ... what you put stars in your eyes. No date of celebration known, why not with Estelle May 11?


From the Celtic "dun" which means "hill", this is a rather rare and recent name that some people attribute to Franck Herbert, the author of the book Dune, Want to climb the hill?


Rare female name, Calandra means green space or park in Greek. With him, sure that your princess will have a green destiny and desires for wide open spaces. No feast date known.


Ilan is the tree in Hebrew. It is also a popular Jewish name refers to the New Year celebration of trees, where everyone is called to plant a tree and consume the products of the Earth. Ecolo hell! His birthday: November 26


Not very green a car, you say? Except that ... logan means meadow in Gaelic and therefore deserves its green label! His birthday: August 28th.


A beautiful plant among the first names bio! The word "chloe" means in Greek the young shoot. It is also the nickname of the Greek goddess of Earth Demeter. It is a name that "grows" more and more in France and a good place in the top 10. If you do not find it quite original, we have in the same vein Chloris which means greenery. His birthday: October 5th.


Very original, this female name comes from Arabic and means wild flower. No feast date known.


This name comes from the Celtic word "nenv", which means sky in Breton. He gives as well to the girls as to the boys and, even if it remains rare, pleases more and more with the parents. And you ? His birthday: April 6th.


From Hebrew "carmel", this feminine given name means orchard, vine. It is also a mountain in Israel that gave its name to the female religious order of the Carmelites. His birthday: July 16th.


In the Gaelic language, the name Calhoun means "from the forest" or "little wood" in Irish ... a cute name that is also a surname.


It is the patron saint of gardeners ... so it deserves a place in our selection! From Celtic "fiachra", its meaning is indeterminate. Be aware, however, that in 1640, he designated cars coupled (therefore non-polluting) whose home port was located at the Hotel Saint-Fiacre in Paris. His birthday: August 30th.


Did you know ? Elodie means flower of the field or fragile flower in Greek ... not original enough to your liking? You can also crack for one of its derivatives like Elodia or Ellie! His birthday: October 22nd.


From the Latin "hortus", which means garden, this botanical name comes from horticulture and hydrangea. Its retro charm could please you. His birthday: January 11th.


Rainbow, that's what the word "iris" means in Greek ... a hymn to Nature. It is also a name of flower and the name of the messenger of the gods of Greek mythology who used to communicate his messages through a scarf in the colors of the rainbow. His birthday: September 4th.


When will my toddler get all of his teeth?

Teething patterns vary greatly from child to child — some don't have any teeth at their first birthday, while others are sporting a mouthful by then. The vast majority of babies sprout their first teeth between 4 and 7 months of age. (If your child still doesn't have any teeth by 15 to 18 months, schedule a visit with a pediatric dentist.)

Teeth generally appear one at a time over a period of months, and often — but not always — in this order: First the bottom two middle teeth, then the top two middle ones, then the ones along the sides and back. (They may not all come in straight, but don't worry — they usually straighten out over time.) Your toddler's first molars, the wider teeth in the back of the mouth, will probably start to appear by the time he turns 1.

The last teeth to appear (the second molars, found in the very back of the mouth on the top and bottom) are usually all in place by a child's second birthday. By age 3, your child should have a full set of 20 baby teeth, which shouldn't fall out until his permanent teeth are ready to start coming in, around age 6.

What teething symptoms will my toddler experience?

Because your child's molars are bigger and more blunt than the middle teeth that came in first, you might expect their eruption to cause more pain. Actually, it's likely that that your child's final teeth will come in practically unnoticed. Laura Grunbaum, a pediatrician in San Leandro, California, says few parents complain to her about their toddler's teething, either because they know what to do by now or their child simply isn't in much pain.

In fact, experts disagree about whether teething causes symptoms — like fussiness, diarrhea, and fever — or whether these common symptoms are not related to teething at all and just coincidentally appear at the same time as emerging teeth. Regardless, many parents maintain that their teething children do suffer discomfort (though some children get through the process with no problems at all). If your toddler does have teething trouble, here are the symptoms he's most likely to experience:

  • Drooling (which can lead to a facial rash)
  • Gum swelling and sensitivity
  • Irritability or fussiness
  • Biting behavior
  • Refusing food
  • Sleep problems

Though many parents report that their children have loose stools, runny noses, or a fever just before a new tooth arrives, most experts don't think teething is to blame for these symptoms. One who does is William Sears, pediatrician and author of The Baby Book. Sears believes that teething can cause diarrhea and a mild diaper rash because your child's excessive saliva ends up in his gut and loosens his stools. Inflammation in the gums, he thinks, may cause a low fever (under 101 degrees Fahrenheit).

On the other hand, child development experts such as Penelope Leach assert that teething cannot cause fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or loss of appetite and that these are signs of illness that should be checked out. Noted pediatrician T. Berry Brazelton says such symptoms are probably due to an infection unrelated to teething, but that the stress associated with teething could make your child more vulnerable to infection right before a new tooth appears.

The one thing experts agree on is that you should call your child's doctor if your toddler has symptoms that worry you or a rectal temperature of 102 degrees F or higher. The doctor can help determine whether your child is showing signs of a problem that needs medical attention, like an ear infection. If your toddler has loose stools — but not diarrhea — don't worry. The condition will clear up on its own.

What can I do to ease my toddler's discomfort?

The same tactics you used when he was younger may help your child now. Your teething toddler will probably continue to want to chew on things to ease the soreness in his gums. Offer him a rubber teething ring or a cold washcloth to gnaw on. Hard-baked toast, apple slices, or a frozen bagel are also a good bet. Not only are these foods soothing, but chewing them is good practice for his developing jaw. He may also get some relief from eating cold foods such as applesauce or yogurt.

If these methods aren't working, some doctors recommend giving a teething child a small dose of pain reliever such as children's acetaminophen — but check with your doctor before giving your toddler any medication. (Never give your toddler aspirin or even rub it on his gums to ease the pain. The use of aspirin in children is associated with Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition.)

Ask your child's doctor before using a topical pain relief gel. These medications can numb the back of your child's throat and weaken his gag reflex (which helps prevent him from choking on his saliva).

If drool causes a rash on your child's face, wipe, but don't rub, the drool away with a soft cotton cloth. You can also smooth petroleum jelly on his chin before a nap or bedtime to protect the skin from further irritation.

Teething in Babies. Symptoms. Remedies for Teething Pain