Riddle: All the words I know and, although I explain them all

What promotes or disrupts baby nights



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According to recent Education and Training Observers from the European Commission, 15-year-old Hungarian children are unable to solve simple problems in mathematics, reading and science.

Even one in four 15-year-olds can't solve multiple problems (photo: iStock)Among others, Hungary's national report also states that the number of children enrolled in early childhood education and education increases with the number of educators working in this field.
The following diagram illustrates how serious the problem is:
The individual values ​​in 2009 looked like this:
The picture shows the extent of the deterioration in Hungary in nine years. The significant draws attention to the fact that there is an increasing number of teachers in our country, especially in the poorer regions and in certain subjects. The teaching population is aging: in 2017, the percentage of teachers over the age of 50 was 41 percent, while only 6 percent were under 30. The report noted that the rate of early school leavers still remains high. Among those aged 30-34, the ratio of tertiary graduates in 2018 was 33.7 percent, while the unique average was 40.7 percent.
  • We are not preparing our children for the future
  • What's wrong with Hungarian education?
  • 4543 vacancies in education

Don't worry, you are not unique. We all feel an irresistible urge to squeeze or squeeze all the baby animals and puppies we see. Those little eyes, those cheeks or cheeks, those little hands… They make you want to 'eat them, right? Well, although it seems crazy, There's a scientific reason why you can't resist babies and animal puppies. Science has proven that it is normal to feel that need to squeeze these little cuteties. But why is it?

Having somewhat aggressive impulses (squeeze, squeeze, strongly pat, pinch, bite, eat ...) when seeing something very beautiful is a phenomenon that has been studied for years. Yale University called this reaction that we all have 'cute aggression' (tender aggression). And it is that, it is not that we get a murderous instinct, but that it is the excessive tenderness and pampering of the subject in front of us that gives us that irresistible desire to hug him with great force.

However, new research has found the scientific answer why we have this need. A researcher at the University of California at Riverside, Katherine Stavropoulos, has analyzed what happens in the human brain when we expose ourselves to a creature as cute as a puppy.

To do this, he studied the reactions of 54 people between 18 and 40 years old when exposed to different photographs of babies and puppies of very adorable animals. While wearing electrodes on their heads, the participants were asked to answer some questions about how each of the images made them feel ('I can't so tenderly!', 'I want to eat it', 'I want to hug it with great force '...)

The results, published in the journal Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, show that the violent impulse that leads us to want to squeeze is due to an excess of tenderness. We are so overwhelmed by the affection that cute subjects transmit to us that we feel that we are not able to cope with such a great feeling. And that 'violence' is our brain's response to calm us down.

The main researcher of this study points out that this reaction is part of the evolution of the human being. Our brain could have developed this response as a guarantee that we continue to care for babies. At the end of the day, if we were to get carried away by that feeling of 'not being able to deal with the baby's charm', we would leave it abandoned. And in the long run, the species would become extinct. Thanks to this 'tender aggression' our brain calms down and is capable of dealing with both babies and puppies, no matter how cute they are.

As a curious note of this study, we tell you that the people analyzed showed that they were more moved by animal puppies than by human babies.

If you feel that urge to hold your baby and give him a good hug, do so (as long as you are able to control your intensity and effusiveness). Babies need different displays of affection from birth and as they grow.

1. Skin-to-skin contact nothing else is born brings many benefits to both babies and mothers themselves. The little one will be able to hear the heartbeat of his mother again, which has already accompanied him during the previous months, he will cling to the chest more easily, he will feel more protected, he will get used to the new world to which he has arrived little by little , etc.

2. Hugs, kisses, caresses and other expressions of affection are the main bonding experiences that will help the child to develop during the first months of life. They stimulate the bond and attachment with the parents.

3. A loving relationship in childhood is the ideal foundation on which to build future social relationships of that potential adult. The displays of affection are also essential for the emotional development of children.

You can read more articles similar to The scientific reason you can't resist babies and puppies, in the Babies category on site.



Vanity in children

Children's abilities and skills

Many times, when thinking about our children, we dream of what will be when they grow up: doctor, teacher, firefighter ... And it is that every dream can be achieved with a life project and, in the case of children, with an educational project.

We must know that every educational project must be realisticSince we cannot teach a month-old baby to ski, nor can we teach very complex mathematical operations to a four-year-old child. The reason is that neither your mind nor your body (physically or cognitively) is ready for it, and it would be useless to try. In the same way, we must know that, for example, to ride a bicycle there will always be time, although it will be easier for a four-year-old to learn than for a forty-year-old.

A student, when they asked him what he wanted to study the following year at the University, he answered very accurately: What can be studied? Just like when going to a restaurant, we look at all the dishes on the menu and choose, we do not order the first one that appears, the adolescent must know all the list of existing studies in the market, what each one consists of, what it covers, what outputs it will have, where are the faculties ...

We count in advance that willpower moves mountains. But wouldn't it be better make things easier for our children so that their learning was more pleasant than suffered? Quoting Fernando Corominas and referring to the Sensitive Periods I would like to put an education that is as practical and comprehensive as possible on the road, where we train our children in all their capacities (physical, intellectual and will).

We can give children guidelines in many fields and introduce them to them. But, once they see themselves with skills or tastes, tomorrow, the education they have acquired must have enabled them to choose what they want, always starting from knowledge.

Starting from the knowledge of Sensitive Periods we can raise a Educational project with short, medium and long-term objectives without stress and with the tranquility of being educating positive.

- 0 - 4 years: work music

- 14 years: speak

- 18 years: Languages

- 28 years: memory

- 38 years: reading

- 49 years: writing

- 3 - 10 years: mental calculation

- 6 - 12 years: basic thinking skills

- 4 - 10 years: symbolic games, games of rules and strategies

In another vein:

- 0 - 5 years: order

- 39 years: sincerity

- 4 - 11 years: obedience

- 7 - 12 years: generosity, justice, a desire to excel, companionship, responsibility, industry ...

- 2 - 16 years: modesty, friendship, temperance

- 14 - 16 years: help the others

- 14 - 20 years: solidarity, social justice

Maria Concepcion Luengo del Pino
Psychopedagogue
School counselor
Contributor to our site

You can read more articles similar to Children's abilities and skills, in the category of Conduct on site.



Experts do not know exactly when the work begins and there is no way you can predict its beginning. In fact, your body begins to prepare for exertion a month before birth. Some women have more and more symptoms as the term nears, while others have nothing until the last moment.

Lowering the fetus and feeling a weight in the pelvis

If you are pregnant for the first time, you may feel that the baby is down 2 to 4 weeks before birth. You will detect a weight in the pelvic area and less pressure in the chest. This will help you regain your breath faster.

Braxton Hicks contractions

Increasingly frequent and intense, Braxton Hicks contractions can signal pre-labor during which your cervix becomes thinner and ready for true labor.

These contractions are felt as a strong tightening of the uterus in its upper part and a gradual relaxation of the uterus. Some women may have menstrual cramps all the time.

As labor approaches these contractions can become relatively painful and may appear every 20 minutes, making you believe that you have entered labor. However, if they do not become stronger, more painful and longer and do not cause neck dilation, they form what is called false labor.

In the weeks before birth, Braxton Hicks contractions can open your cervix a bit (if you were born, your cervix may expand a centimeter or two before starting labor - but remember, though, you're 40 weeks pregnant and you have 1 centimeter dilation, this does not mean that labor is imminent). When you are near the deadline your doctor will perform a vaginal exam to see if your cervix has started to change.

Elimination of the cervical gelatin plug

As the cervix begins to thin and open, the "plug" of mucus that seals the uterus is removed.

You can remove it by the vagina a week or 2 before birth or even at the beginning of labor. The gelatinous plug can also be removed after sexual contact or vaginal examination, which will result in a leak that resembles menstruation. Call your doctor as soon as you notice this because it may signal a problem.

Blood stains

The secretions that have a slightly gelatinous texture, mucus and pink, brown or reddish hues on the panties are a sign of labor. You can sense this mucus when you go to the bathroom and wipe yourself or directly on the essentials. This is the sign that the cervix is ​​dilated, thinner and advancing to prepare for birth.

These secretions do not have a specific frequency. They may appear hours or weeks before, so it is good to go to the doctor to confirm whether or not you are at work.

Dilation (opening of cervix or cervix)

Another sign of labor is dilatation of the cervix. This means that the cervix begins to open. Dilation can occur days or even weeks before the birth, but if it occurs long before enlargement is not significant, but maximum 2-3 cm. As you progress to the time of birth, the opening is becoming faster.

Water breaking

When the bag filled with amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus breaks, the fluid is removed through the vagina. Call your doctor no matter how it leaks. Some women begin to have contractions before the water breaks, but there are cases when the contractions occur after it breaks. Such situations are closely followed by work. If you do not have contractions these will be provoked because there is a risk of the fetus becoming ill which is no longer protected by the amniotic fluid sac.

Natural instinct (an explosion of energy)

Labor can be announced in the case of some women through an energy explosion that I feel at one point towards the end of the third quarter. Normally, the physical changes that occur during pregnancy cause fatigue and lack of energy in the latter part. Therefore, it is considered that there is a primary instinct that reveals that labor is installed through this overflowing energy that the future mothers manifest.

The contractions from the beginning of labor

Most of the time it is not possible to figure out when the real labor started because the early stages of labor resemble the Braxton Hicks contractions that you have for several weeks.

When the contractions become more intense, more painful and longer than usual and occur every 10 minutes, you may think that you have gone into labor.

How do you find out if the contractions are false?

It is not easy to tell if the contractions are false or not. Many women come to the hospital with the thought that they will give birth and find that it was actually just a false alarm signal. Here are some signs of false contractions:

  • they are irregular;
  • they get scarce when you walk (you walk);
  • I decrease in intensity when you change your position;
  • do not increase in frequency and intensity;
  • discomfort located only in the abdomen.

When should you call the doctor?

By the end of your pregnancy, your doctor will inform you when you need to notify him that you have contractions or you must reach the hospital. When giving you this information you will take into account the specific aspects of your case (pregnancy or risky pregnancy, the distance between the hospital and your home, etc.).

If your pregnancy is uncomplicated, it will probably tell you to come to the hospital when you have long contractions of one minute to 5 minutes apart (you schedule a contraction from its beginning to the beginning of the next one).

Do not hesitate to call even if the signs are not clear. Doctors are used to receiving phones from women who are not sure if they have gone into labor and need assistance. It's part of their job. The truth is that the doctor can figure out many things in your tone, communication being very important in this case. You will want to know how long the contractions are and how often they are. He will notice if you can talk during a contraction.

When is the case to go to the hospital?

Whether your pregnancy was one with or without complications, call your doctor or go to the hospital if:

1. Your water has broken or you suspect leakage of amniotic fluid. Tell your doctor if the leak is brown, yellow or green or if it looks like a menstrual period;

2. Notice that the fetus is no longer as active as before;

3. You have vaginal bleeding, fever, acute headache, hallucinations or abdominal pain;

4. You have contractions before 37 weeks.

Labels Labor labor signs Birth contractions braxton hicks Cervix dilation Water rupture

A unique gift, party and escape from home, or is eighteen a kind of modern rite of passage?

A unique gift, party and escape from home, or is eighteen a kind of modern rite of passage? Max Gluckman, an outstanding activist in the field of anthropology, stated in the 1960s that the more complex societies, the less ritualized. The thesis seems to be true, but modern scientists believe that while traditional rituals are becoming obsolete, new ones take their place. In most cases, we are not even aware that we are ritualizing certain events. An example would be, for example, eighteen.

The grand celebration of the eighteenth birthday in the last decade has become extremely popular. For many people it is a special day in life and a symbolic step into adulthood. It is for this reason that cultural anthropologists are convinced that eighteenth parties are a kind of modern rite of passage. The confirmation of this thesis is the appearance during the eighteen years of many elements accompanying the rites of passage in cultures that up to now maintain old traditions. During the birthday party, the jubilee receives, for example, eighteen slaps. Similar customs have hitherto been cultivated by, among others Aborigines or some Indians. In addition, the fun is accompanied by alcohol - probably all cultures use intoxicating substances during the rituals, whose task is to transfer them to another dimension.

Rite of passage - what is that?

The rite of passage is a rite characterized by change. Anthropologists define this change as receiving and giving some property to the person undergoing surgery. Researchers have noted that most transition rituals consist of three phases that vary in duration so that some may be unnoticeable. The first of these is the inclusion (prelimial, separation) phase, which aims to take away the status of the individual and exclude him from the current group. This moment can be expressed in various ways, e.g. ritual dress or nudity, distance from the community, isolation or painting or mutilation of the body or face. The next phase is called the marginal (limial, transitional period) and during its duration the person subjected to the ritual is suspended, dismissed because he lost his previous social role. The final stage is the incorporation (post-integration, integration) phase, which aims to give the unit a new status.

Rituals of passage in the modern world

Professor Amber believes that modern rituals of passage are crumbling and are being written by us into various spheres of life. Increasingly, they are associated with education and professional careers, which makes them cease to be relevant to the emotional aspects of our existence. Nevertheless, many people still cultivate the moments of transition, which today also have Christian significance, e.g. baptisms, first communion or marriage. In addition, we are currently celebrating many small changes, e.g. a new job, passing an important exam, etc. An important moment is also the grand celebration of the 18th birthday, which aims to mark the entry into adulthood.

When does adulthood begin?

In their article for the portal Polityka, Agnieszka Krzemińska and Marta Mazuś note that the statement at what moment we are entering adulthood is not easy. A sufficient determinant is not physical maturation (although it is also an individual matter). A more important aspect is considered emotional maturity, which in turn depends on many factors. Among them, an important role full of cultural and family issues. Maturity in different parts of the world can therefore be understood differently. At the same time, the authors note that adulthood is a concept that depends not only on factors such as place of birth, climate or genes, but above all it is a conventional issue in a particular cultural circle. Thus, tribal peoples are subjected to special rituals whose purpose is to test the ability of a selected person to mature. The chosen one who meets the expectations of community members is then subjected to the rite of passage. It is worth adding that rituals may apply to people of different ages (e.g., the Aborigines and Prairie Indians undergo rituals of passage between the ages of 12 and 30). Europeans have it much easier. In most countries, a person becomes out of office when they reach the age of 18. Then the person gains additional citizenship rights and receives documents enabling him to function independently in the community.

Eighteen - a way to step into adulthood?

Contemporary celebration of the 18th birthday is undoubtedly a kind of rite of passage. We gain additional rights upon reaching the age of 18. From this moment, we can independently make official decisions, we can vote in elections or get married. After the age of 18, we also have the option of legally buying alcohol and cigarettes, and getting a tattoo. All this means that we formally become adults, which is why we are celebrating our 18th birthday so boisterously and eagerly. The event is therefore a kind of rite of passage, which aims to enter adulthood. During the game, the jubilee says goodbye to his current childhood life and begins a new stage. This can be demonstrated, for example, by the general permission for alcohol consumption by event participants. Adolescent drinking drinks are disapproved of by their parents and guardians. The situation changes after the age of 18. That is why the celebration is accompanied by various types of drinks (equivalent to old magical ritual, magic potions) and special giftsto help you move to a different stage of life,

How to choose a gift for 18. that will help you enter adulthood?

All cultures that subject their members to rite of passage assume that those undergoing the rite should be given. Gifts are designed to reward people and equip them for the next years of life. How to choose 18th birthday gift (//katalogmarzen.pl/pl/k/prezent-na-urarzenia) to help a young person find their way into adult life? It is a good idea to treat the jubilee to a unique gift that will allow you to remember this special day. This can be, for example, a parachute jump or a balloon flight. Looking at the world from a completely different perspective is a great symbolic moment of transition. When choosing a gift for the 18th, remember to adapt it to the tastes of the birthday party. So you have to choose a different gift for 18 for a girl and a different gift for 18 for a boy. It is also worth finding out what the anniversary is dreaming about. This will avoid eighteenth disappointment. See how to choose the perfect one gift for 18. (//Katalogmarzen.pl/pl/k/prezent-na-18).

Rituals of passage have accompanied man since the dawn of time. Each culture has its own ways and traditions regarding the rites of change. Over the years and the development of civilization, traditional rituals ceased to exist. Instead, they were replaced by modern methods of celebrating important moments in human life. An example would be weddings, funeral rites, but also events accompanying job changes or passing an important exam. It is also important to celebrate the 18th birthday. Celebrating formal entry into adulthood is undoubtedly a modern rite of passage, so it is worth making sure to give the jubilee a unique gift.

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