The Christmas of Alec the fennec

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Traditions and superstitions largely make up the way of baptism, the first step taken by a newborn into a spiritual life. Romanians, a majority Orthodox people and with a strong inclination towards traditional customs, have their own conceptions about the correct way in which a child should be Christianized.

The habits passed down from generation to generation often move to a mystical dimension, which not many parents understand or accept. From here and the natural question - do we respect or not the traditions and superstitions related to baptism?

Traditions related to the holy mystery of baptism

Baptism is part of the holy sanctuaries of the Orthodox Church and must follow a series of rules imposed by the Orthodox religion. Unlike superstitions, the religious tradition does not change according to the areas of the country and is dictated by the priest who officially officiates the Christian service.

Thus, the Church orders that baptism be made between 7 and 40 days after birth, except for newborns with health problems, who must be baptized immediately after birth or at intervals of several days (church canons provide for severe penalties for parents whose children go out of business).

Even so, parents nowadays usually wait for several months until Christianity, for different personal reasons. The priests discourage this, both because of the risk that the baby may become unrestrained, as well as because of the inconvenience of performing the mystery (the big child is difficult to immerse in the little girl).

Baptism can only be performed by a priest or a bishop, only in the church (in the porch, in the pronaos or in a certain room arranged in the church yard).

In the first part of the Baptism service, the denials (exorcisms) are performed, when the nose is placed face to face and declares three times that it refuses to be unclean.

The child then returns with his face to the east and his nose declares, three times, that he unites with Christ, then utters the Creed aloud.

In the second part of the service, the priest consecrates the water and pours it into the holy anointed with oil. Next is the most important part of the Baptism, the deepening of the child into the little girl. The new Christian is then wrapped in white cloth and anointed by the priest with the Holy and Great Mir on the forehead, chest, hands and feet.

The priest then cuts the brushes of the baby's head in the face of the Cross, a sign that he has been taken away by the old man and dressed in the new one. The newborn is taken in front of the Holy Altar and is shared with the Body and Blood of Christ.

Superstitions related to baptism

If the church traditions are imposed by religion, the superstitions related to baptism are taken into account by the parents according to the customs inherited from the past generations and their own willingness to validate them in the future.

In other words, these habits are born of faith in good and evil spirits, prejudices, foreshadowing signs and other mystical beliefs.

Superstitions have nothing to do with religion, although they are often integrated into the Christian ritual of a newborn. The saying "how many bordeaux, so much custom" applies perfectly in this case.

Here are some superstitions where parents from different areas of the country believe strongly and integrate them into the baptism of the child:

The water in which the child was baptized must be thrown to the root of a tree; otherwise, the little Christian will be accompanied by bad luck;

• The child should not be baptized with the name of a deceased relative, otherwise "he will have no days";

• During christianity in the church, it is good to put money in the christianity, so that the newborn is lucky in life;

• The child should not be called by name before baptism, otherwise he will be "attacked" by evil spirits, he will be hurt in life, etc .;

• In the bath where the child is warmed up after baptism, it is good to find a series of objects that will bring luck on all levels (rose petals, scented oils, a precious banquet, a flake, honey, rice, a holy wedding ring , an egg, myrrh, hot peppers, sweet milk, dill, mint, hemp seeds, aghiazma, salt, etc.);

• The nose must kiss the child on the face before baptism, so that the little one has a hole in the cheek;

• The baptismal phase should not be too long or too short, otherwise the child will get married too early or too late;

• Under the bath in which the child is bathed after baptism, books must be laid, for the little one to learn well in school;

• The baptismal candle must be decorated with lily flowers, fir tree branches and the bride's flower (for sports, health and marriage unions);

• From the money earned by the parents at baptism, it is good to buy a heating, for a longer life of the child;

• In the water of myrrh, put a piece of bread and a piece of bacon, so that the child grows like the bread in the oven and is as strong as a pig;

• Nasals should give the newborn an object of gold, which will keep the child from anything that could affect him in life;

• In the bath where a little boy bathes after baptism, the nose must put two large and attractive nuts, to develop the child harmoniously in the intimate area;

• Parents should wash with water in which the child was bathed after baptism, strengthen their bones;

• After baptism, the baby should not be changed until the next day or kissed.

To respect or not to respect the traditions and superstitions related to baptism?

Christian traditions related to baptism, distinguished from popular superstitions, it is good to be respected by the orthodox practitioners as indicated by the priest.

In fact, the priests rid themselves of the customs of the people to a great extent, preserving only symbolically some customs considered to be holy for the baptism ceremony.

Thus, the priests say that the baptismal phase is important to be white (its size has no relevance), the baptismal cross does not have to be of a precious material, and the jewelry given to the child or parents has no connection with the Baptismal Mystery.

As for the next day's heater, the holy parents do not encourage the introduction of objects into the talisman's fall, but it validates the habit of water thrown to the root of a tree, in a clean place, because it contains holiness.

Each parent has the freedom to decide in what form he or she introduces the child into his or her spiritual life. Deviations from religious and popular customs are not to be condemned, since each one has the freedom to choose his own faith. The child, in turn, will also have the right to embrace the religion in which it is found.

What do you think about the traditions and superstitions of baptism? What do you think should be respected and considered wrong? Tell us your opinion in the comments section below!

Tags Child baptism Orthodox baptism Orthodox baptism

What kind of sunscreen is best for children?

Here's what I recommend:

  • Choose a "physical" or "chemical-free" sunscreen made with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. These minerals stay on top of the skin, forming a barrier against the sun's rays. With chemical sunscreens, the skin absorbs the active ingredients, so these products are more likely than physical sunscreens to cause irritation or allergic reactions.
  • Check the label for zinc oxide or titanium dioxide to make sure you're getting a physical sunscreen. These products are traditionally known as "sunblocks," but any sunscreen may have that word on the label.
  • Look for a broad-spectrum product, meaning that it protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Any sunscreen that contains the physical sunblocks zinc oxide or titanium dioxide does this.
  • Choose a product with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher. But note that with chemical sunscreens, a higher SPF means you're getting more chemical exposure for very little added protection.
  • Finally, you'll want a water-resistant product, which provides sun protection for the length of time listed on the label (generally 40 to 80 minutes) – even while swimming or sweating.
  • It's fine to use a "children's" sunscreen, but don't go out of your way (or pay more!) for one. There's no guarantee that they're any different from the adult versions.

Here are some tips for using sunscreen properly:

  • If you decide to use a chemical-based sunscreen, do a test first to make sure your child won't have a reaction to it: Apply a small amount to the inside of the upper arm. If your child develops a rash or redness at the site by the next day, use another product instead.
  • Chemical sunscreens need to be slathered on 15 to 30 minutes before you go outside to give the skin time to absorb the protective chemicals. Sunscreens with physical barriers start to work as soon as you put them on.
  • Apply the sunscreen thickly, making sure every part of your child's body gets a good coating. Pay special attention to areas that are prone to burning, like the ears, nose, back of the neck, and shoulders. To make it easier to tell if you're covering every inch of your child's vulnerable skin, some sunscreens have a bright tint when first applied that fades to clear after a few minutes.
  • Parents often find spray-on sunscreens convenient, but with these it's hard to tell if you've used enough to cover all exposed areas effectively. If you do use one of these products, spray an area of skin until it's wet and then rub it in to ensure even coverage.
  • Reapply sunscreen often. Don't trust a label that promises sun protection for eight hours. That's only accurate if your child stays perfectly still for that long! In the real world, he'll need more sunscreen every two hours or after every time he gets wet or is dried off with a towel.

Note: It's best to keep a baby younger than 6 months out of the sun altogether. When that's not feasible, be sure to protect your baby with sunscreen, no matter how young he is.

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When it comes to choosing the most useful and "healthy" clothing accessories for your child, the elasticity of the materials (which allows them to adjust and wear for longer) and their quality (as natural - cotton, leather, so as to protect their skin and wear resistance) are the most important aspects to consider.


Belts are part of the category of clothing accessories useful in the child's wardrobe, their main role being to prevent pants or skirts from falling. In addition, with the help of straps, you can dress the little one with clothes he received as a gift and maybe a number or two larger.


The straps have the same role as the straps, to keep the pants or skirts on children, but unlike the first, they also have an aesthetic effect, being very fashionable among the little ones. The main criterion based on which you have to choose, beyond good quality materials, is the elasticity, so that it adjusts according to the height of the child. If they are made of rigid materials, they become useless as the child grows up, requiring the purchase of others.


Scarves are often chosen and worn for aesthetic reasons, but they also have a special utility. They are the thinner "sisters" of winter scarves and are suitable for wearing in the spring and autumn seasons, to cover the baby's throat. Avoid synthetic materials, which can cause allergies and irritate the child's skin, and choose patterns from natural materials that keep warm and effectively protect the baby's neck from wind, rain and low temperatures.


Tights are not only a fad, but also a necessity when it comes to children. Their versatility makes them one of the most useful and financially convenient clothing accessories. Besides the fact that they can be worn by both boys and girls, tights serve several roles in dressing the child.

Girls can wear them both as pants, as well as tights or pajamas, and boys can wear them around the house or take them under pants when it is very cold outside. They are cheap and resistant, and the fact that they are elastic makes them suitable even when the child grows or suffers from weight fluctuations.


Footwear are some of the most important clothing accessories for children, and if not chosen properly they can affect the health of the feet, but also the walking or spine. Before you buy a pair of baby shoes on aesthetic criteria, find out if it meets other, more important features:

  • they have a suitable cap, so as to favor the natural development of the child's walking and not to affect his spine;
  • they are made of natural and soft materials - the most suitable material is soft skin, which allows the feet to breathe and prevents bending.

Beyond these, you must always pay attention to the sizes, as they differ depending on the brand and store. It is best to buy them only after the child tests them. In this way, you make sure that the feet are fixed in them, but that they do not tighten it (there must be little place in the top).

Tights and socks

Tights and socks are endless accessories in a child's wardrobe. Although tights seem to be more of a mess, they also have a utility: they protect from the cold and can be worn at any season, if they are chosen according to thickness.

However, very few parents pay attention to the quality of the materials used in the making of tights when they buy them, focusing more on appearance. Given that most of the stockings marketed contain synthetic fibers, which are dangerous for skin health, it is important to follow the label and choose only the models that contain at least 90% cotton or other types of natural materials.

The same criterion is valid, and it is of greater importance in the case of socks, as it must allow the skin to breathe in the shoes.


Although they are associated with the winter season, hats are clothing accessories that children must wear in spring or autumn, on very cold days. They must be made of natural materials and must cover their ears well, in order to protect them from the cold.


Sun hats are mandatory for sea vacations or hot summer days, becoming essential accessories to protect against sunburn and sun. And these have to fulfill some important characteristics, in order to be effective in protecting the child: they must be made of UV-protected materials and have large borons, so as to protect as much of the skin surface as possible.


The bathing suit is another essential accessory in the child's wardrobe, which comes into play with the beginning of the summer season. Protects the child from sunburn, wounds and other accidents that hang him when playing in the sand or entering the water.

And the bathing suits must be chosen first on safety and health criteria, and only then according to aesthetic considerations: they must be made of natural materials, of quality and, as far as possible, have UV protection.


Sunglasses are a must-have accessory for children, even if many parents consider them rather mild. They should not be purchased from any store or street corner. The specialists advise the parents to order the child a pair of glasses at ophthalmological clinics, which make them of quality materials, with the appropriate diopters and according to the ocular problems that the little one is facing.

Sunglasses from stools seriously affect the health of the eyes, which can cause retinal burns, excessive tears and even headaches.

Find the right accessories for your child, at the best price!

What other clothing accessories do you think are useful in your child's wardrobe? What are the main criteria on which we must choose? Tell us your opinions and suggestions in the comments section below!

Tags Useful children's clothing accessories Children's clothing accessories Children's clothing Accessories hello kitty Children's party accessories

Turn down the music!

The music heard in headphones at a very high volume affects the hearing and can even lead to deafness. These are the conclusions reached by scientists in the UK.

The music heard in headphones at a very high volume affects the hearing and can even lead to deafness. These are the conclusions reached by scientists in the UK.
What could be more enjoyable than listening to your favorite music in public transport, on the street or even in the office? At present, many young people feel the need to isolate themselves from the rest of the world, putting their headsets from the MP3 player in their ears and giving the volume to the maximum.
This is also why the Royal National Institute for Deaf People from the UK conducted a study on the connection between headphone volume and deafness. Thus, British researchers found that 39% of 18-24 year olds listen to headphones for one hour each day.

And 42% of them admit that they like to give the volume very loud.
The Institute for Hearing Aids warns that hearing is severely threatened by sounds with an intensity of 80 decibels. Therefore, the noise produced by a drum machine, which has 100 decibels, is very disturbing to our ears. What very few of those who listen to headphones know is that some MP3 players can reach up to 105 decibels. As a measure to prevent hearing problems caused by such loud sounds, the European Union has imposed the restriction of sound intensity with the help of a device attached to the devices. But some of the music lovers at dangerous volumes give up this device.
Graham Frost, president of the British Audiological Society, warns that the risk of hearing disorders is directly proportional to the volume and time spent in the music company. He added that the symptoms of hearing loss may appear after a few months of listening to music at inappropriate volumes.
"Young people tend to sit for hours with headphones on because MP3 players can store up to several hundred songs at a time. It would be best for your favorite music to be listened to for short periods of time and with breaks," he says. of opinion Graham Frost. The first alarm signal that the music was too loud is a noise that persists in the ears after the music is stopped.
Our ears are subjected to noise of different intensities. There is an increasing emphasis today on noise pollution. Even at night, when we are in a quiet room, there are 20 decibels. A quiet conversation between two friends produces a noise of 60 decibels, a busy street - 70, and a plane taking off - 110.
"The quality of the hearing can be threatened even if, in discos, you dance very close to the speakers," warns Graham Frost. Therefore, the specialists recommend that we leave the dance floor from time to time to rest our ears, at least for a short time.
Source: National Journal

Our name finder has thousands of baby names to help you choose a beautiful name for your baby. You will find in this article everything about the name Holm oak.

Female name from the Marian invocation of Nuestra Señora de la Encina, allusive to apparitions of the Virgin in this tree.

It comes from the tree of the same name.


  • Saint Emiliana, aunt of Pope Saint Gregory the Great (6th century)

Encina name coloring pages printable game

Encina: pictures of the names coloring page printable game

Encina name coloring page printable game

Drawing with the name Encina coloring page printable game

Drawings of the names. Encina name to color and print

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Compulsory vaccination against hepatitis B

Since 1981, there has been a vaccination against Hepatitis B virus. The first vaccines were made from human blood acid. His application was worrying and was withdrawn. In 1986-89, the first recombinant vaccine was introduced.

The gene for infected, identified responsible antigen (HBsAg), identified in 1970, has been artificially propagated into the genome (yeast) of a yeast bacterium (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Large amounts of recombinant HBsAg produced have been extracted from the yeast bacterium, which is the basis of vaccination. After purification, the vaccine is prepared. The acceleration of the immunological reaction contains aluminum salt and phenoxyethanol for retention.
In Hungary, compulsory age-related protection is provided to students in Grade 8 of the elementary school. Of the various vaccine practices available, the two vaccine regimens (0 times after 6 months) are used for vaccines with a higher antigen content. This vaccination scheme is possible between the ages of 11 and 15 years. For HBV antigen-positive newborns and other age groups, a series of 3 vaccines is used (0 times - 1 month - 6 months). If one (adult) has a faster immune response to the goal (travel, scheduled surgery, organ transplantation), there is also an accelerated vaccine schedule (0 times - 1 day - 1 month or 0 times - 7 days - 21 days). In the case of an accelerated vaccine, an additional vaccine should be administered 1 year after the primary vaccination. Otherwise, a booster vaccination is not required. This also applies to children who have been vaccinated against HBV (with 3 primary vaccinations) before the age of 14 years following compulsory vaccination.

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In addition to the usual vaccination reaction (local swelling, redness, pain), the immunological reaction giving the vaccine symptom can often be observed. This can give rise to anxiety after vaccination with the appearance of oviposition (fraud, punctate bleeding). After the reaction that is suspected to be allergic to yeast, the vaccine consultation can be cleared and the vaccination sequence can be continued. The vaccine does not contain thiomersal (preservative), so thiomersal allergy detected by skin test is not a contraindication. (It should be noted that in the case of thiomersal sensitization, mercury in vaccines would not represent a vaccine contraindication! Thiomersal allergy is manifested in the form of contact allergy, eczema, itchy ulcer, not in the skin)

Choosing underwear when you are pregnant can be quite stressful if you do not have a clear idea of ​​what to look for and what to focus on. The fact is that you have to put aside the bras and briefs that you have worn so far, because the task comes with a series of major changes in the wardrobe with such clothing. From measurements, to the type of materials and models, here's what you have to consider when selecting underwear for pregnant women!

Choosing pregnancy bras

During pregnancy, your breasts will undergo very large transformations. The hormonal storms that will take place in your body for 9 months will increase their volume, and the bras you have will no longer fit you.

It is important to know that you will change more cup numbers from the bra to the end of pregnancy. The breasts increase as you get pregnant, reaching the maximum volume in the last month, when filled with milk and preparing for breastfeeding.

Beyond choosing the right number, it is important to consider other criteria when buying pregnancy bras. Your breasts not only grow very large, but they also become very heavy and uncomfortable, if you do not support them with a proper bra.

In addition to the fact that it must be made of natural materials (such as cotton), it is recommended that the bra should have wider and more resistant straps, in order to support the weight, not to be neglected, of the breasts. They should be made of elastic material so that they do not tighten and make you uncomfortable.

The bras made for pregnant women have a slightly different design than the usual ones. They look more like a kind of bag because their main purpose is to support the weight of the breasts and help you feel comfortable while traveling and beyond.

Choosing pregnancy sheets

Pregnant slippers should give you the comfort you need to feel good throughout your pregnancy.

At first, you can still wear your underwear, as long as it is made of 100% cotton or other natural fibers. As your tummy starts to grow, you could opt for special sheets created for pregnancy.

There are several types of cards for this period. The classic model of the pregnant panties, especially in the advanced pregnancy, is the high waist, which covers the entire belly. It is a model specially created to support it better and help you feel more comfortable while traveling.

But if you are the type of pregnancy that does not support having the tummy covered, you can opt for low, thong or normal models.

Doctors do not prohibit the use of thongs in pregnancy. On the contrary, there are manufacturers who manufacture such models especially for pregnant women. In most cases, pregnant women are the ones who do not support them and prefer to wear normal models.

In addition, thongs can create greater discomfort in pregnant women who are prone to hemorrhoids, a condition quite common in pregnancy. Wearing them can exacerbate the hemorrhoids and worsen the symptomatology, making it quite painful and uncomfortable.

If you choose to wear normal sheets and do not want models specially designed for this period, you do not need to get bigger numbers than before.

Bras and slippers are not the only items that are part of an underwear collection. In the same category are also fur, suits, nightgowns or pajamas. The only things to look out for when choosing such underwear are the size and material from which they are made. You will have to change their number when the tummy grows. It is advisable to give up those of synthetic materials and to focus your attention on those of cotton.

What changes has your underwear collection suffered during pregnancy? How did you choose your bra? Did you wear normal thongs or tights? Tell us your experience in the comments section below!