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6 months old
Hepatitis a - hepatitis b and prevention methods in children
Virus-induced liver disease is common in children. These are usually hepatitis A and type B viruses and have vaccines. Hepatitis begins slowly and in a way that is not self-evident. The child is tired, his appetite closes, his stomach aches and vomits. Sometimes it makes a little rash, the joints hurt. After a few days, the color becomes more or less yellow, the urine is low and very yellow, and the poo is colorless. Often these symptoms are very mild, the child complains of fatigue alone.Laboratory assays help to diagnose (Transaminase increases, etc.)
Hepatitis A virus is caused by inflammation of the liver. It is more common than hepatitis B, the disease develops in a simple way and does not cause complications. Passes in 2-3 weeks. The treatment is to rest.
Infection: The virus passes through water, dirty food, poop and stomach. The most important measure is to take care of every food and make sure that the hands are clean. Gamma globulin injections may prevent the disease if the patient is treated early. The symptoms of the hapatitis A virus may be excreted from the stool of the infected person 2-3 weeks prior to the onset and during the first week of the disease. Blood and secretions can be contagious.
Symptoms: Symptoms of hepatitis A are flu-like. But the skin and eyes may be yellow. This is because the liver does not filter out the bilirubin.
- Light fire
- Dark urine
- Common itching
- Colorless or clay color stool
- Healing dormitory employees
- Employees in nursing homes
- Employees in rehabilitation centers
- A member of the family with new hepatitis A infection
- Immigration or travelers to Asia, South and Central America
Hygiene should be observed. Wash hands after toilet. The contaminated area should be thoroughly cleaned if the blood, feces or any other body fluid has come into contact with the unaffected person. This can reduce virus transmission
Vaccine: Hepatitis A vaccine is given at 2 times with 1 month intervals. A booster is also made in 6-12 months. Vaccines are recommended for people at risk: travelers, nursery staff, kitchen staff, family patients, etc. Infants are not vaccinated systematically because the disease is harmless.
Hepatitis B virus caused by inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A is less common. This disease is more dangerous; because it may become chronic. Blood and sexually transmitted. The vaccine has been compulsory in many countries.
In general, hepatitis B is considered a sexually transmitted disease. Hepatitis B is also referred to as “serum hepatitis için because it is contaminated with contaminated blood or blood.
Health workers such as doctors, nurses, emergency personnel, and intravenous drug users (addicts) are in a high risk group for hepatitis B because they are easily transmitted by blood.
The transition from the mother with hepatitis B to the fetus before birth is another form of transition.
About 10% of people once infected with hepatitis B virus develop chronic persistent infection (chronic carrier status). Some people in this group develop slow but progressive liver damage leading to cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Hepatitis B has a long incubation period. Early symptoms can be various skin rashes and joint pain. Systemic symptoms may include fever, malaise, and abdominal pain or discomfort. Ultimately, jaundice becomes visible on the white of the eyes and on the skin. Jaundice is often associated with dark urine and clay-colored (pale) feces.
Hepatitis B is a serious disease and the mortality rate during the acute stage is about 1%. Reported hepatitis B rate is 2 out of every 10,000 people. However, since many cases are asymptomatic, there is no witnessed and unreported, so the true (true) rate may be higher. It is a carrier of cumulative hepatitis B per 1000 pregnant women.
People at highest risk for acquired hepatitis B infection:
- Homosexual or bisexuals
- Intravenous drug users
- They are very partners.
Hepatitis B vaccine
- Health workers ,
- Hemodialysis patients,
- People who need blood transfusions many times and
- It is sufficient to decrease hepatitis B in newborns.
Hepatitis B is an acute disease that results in increasing the incidence of long-term failure and liver cancer after chronic infection.
Screening of donated blood reduced the likelihood of developing hepatitis B after blood transfusion. Blood donors are required to fill out a questionnaire on drug use and sexual life during initial screenings (which is also necessary to protect against AIDS).
There is a hepatitis B vaccine for people at high risk. As a customary safety measure, contact with blood products of persons with unknown carrier status should be avoided. This security can also be provided for AIDS.
Sexual contact with persons who have previously had hepatitis B or have been infected with hepatitis B and have not been vaccinated should be avoided.
Condoms can reduce the spread of hepatitis B when used consistently and appropriately; they may even destroy it. If you have not been vaccinated and are not sure of your sexual partner's condition, you should always use a condom.
Attention: Infants born from hepatitis B positive mothers are given special immune sequences that protect them from infection. These include hepatitis B immunoglobulin, the hepatitis vaccine immediately after birth and the recurrence of hepatitis a few weeks later.
- nausea and vomiting
- taste disorder
- abdominal pain
- joint pain
- light fire
- common itching
- pale or clay colored
- Dot sensitivity on liver (sensitivity)
- symptoms of nosebleed
Diagnosis / Diagnosis
- Positive hepatitis B surface antigen
- Positive hepatitis B core antigen
- Elevated liver enzymes
- Liver biopsy
The disease varies with the following test results:
- Vitamin B 12
- RT3U (resin T3 uptake) (test where blood T3 uptake is measured)
- PT (test where prothrombin time in serum is measured.)
- urine porphyrin
- PBG (porphobilinogen)
- Liver scintigraphy
- serum leucine aminopeptidase
- urine leucine aminopeptidase
- LDH isoenzymes
- LDH (lactate dehydrogenase)
- serum iron
- gamma glutamyl tanspeptidase
- delta-ALA (delta-aminolevulinic acid)
- complement component 3
- blood count
- urine bilirubin
- AST (aspartate transaminase)
- ALT (alanine transaminase)
- alpha fetoprotein
- ALP (alkaline phosphatase) isoenzymeAlP
- aldolase aalbumin
There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis.
When symptoms are severe, rest may be recommended during the acute phase.
People with acute hepatitis should avoid alcohol and other substances that are harmful to the liver.
Some people with chronic hepatitis may respond to alpha-interferon therapy
Prognosis / Disease course
Acute disease usually subsides in two to three weeks and the liver returns to normal within sixteen weeks.
Chronic hepatitis may develop in 10% of infected people.
The incidence of liver cancer in people with hepatitis B is higher than in the general population.
Hepatitis B is lethal in about 1% of acute hepatitis B cases.
Complications / Risks
Hestia: origin and meaning of the name for girl Hestia
Goddess Hestia Vesta Story - Greek Goddess of Home and Hearth
Porcelain plates Domino Collection: 22, 90 € 4 dessert plates (BHV). Stores list
Porcelain plates Domino Collection: 22, 90 € the 4 dessert plates (BHV).
List of stores
Wendy's syndrome or the overprotective mother
I recognize it. Sometimes I feel a little Wendy. I am unable to let my daughter take an exercise to school without finishing. Or that you are late because you are lazy to wake up. I suffer with each of his stumbles. And with their disappointments. I am unable to leave your room cluttered. And yes, I try to make things easy for him.
Recognizing the problem is the first step. I know this doesn't do you any good. I know it's counter-education. Doing everything to keep the child out of trouble can only add to the problem, leading to a child who is lazy, unmotivated, and with little ability to tolerate frustration.
In the Peter Pan tale, Peter represented that adult who does not want to grow up, who refuses to grow up, who never wants to face up to his responsibilities. Peter Pan wants to be a boy forever. Wendy, however, is the person who watches over him, protects him and does everything possible so that nothing happens to him. Mother Wendy is that overprotective mother, who is always taking care of her son, forgetting even that she also needs a time and a space for herself.
Why is this happening? Wendy's syndrome is not bad, but Yes it can be harmful to children if taken to the extreme. Psychologists say that it is typical of people who in their childhood felt an affective lack, a lack of attention. Later, as mothers or fathers, they want to avoid this feeling in their children at all costs, and they do the opposite: to be constantly on top of them.
When the mother or father has the Wendy syndromeThey seek at all costs to be important in the lives of their children and in the family. What's more, they need to feel essential. Therefore, they take responsibility for all possible tasks. These are some of the characteristics of people who suffer from this need:
- They are in charge of carrying out all the possible household chores so that the children do not have to do them (washing, cleaning, making food ...).
- They try to avoid the frustration of their children, eliminating obstacles in their path (they let themselves be won in the game, they keep the homework that they forgot to put in their backpack ...).
- They are controlling mothers or fathers.
- Constantly seeks to please others, even giving up his own needs.
- They are mothers and fathers who sacrifice for their children. They are capable of doing anything for them.
- Avoid arguments. He doesn't like to upset anyone. They flee from conflict situations.
- They have a great instinct for protection and care of children.
The solution to this attitude is to realize and react: say No. Not to take on all the tasks. Not to take responsibility for what others do. Not to solve all the problems. Not to sacrifice constantly. Yes to dedicate a time and a space. You can be a protective mother without having to be Wendy.
You can read more articles similar to Wendy's syndrome or the overprotective mother, in the category of On-site Education.
3 Tactics of Controlling Parents.. and Ways to Handle and Heal
Breastfeeding is a very important phase in the life of the baby and the mother. For the newborn who is breastfed and sucked, this is not only a primary, physiological necessity, but above all, it represents a moment of formation of the connection with the mother, rich in tactile, auditory emotions and sensations, as well as of taste and smell.
Satisfying this need causes a profound feeling of well-being and peace for both. Breast milk contains all the nutrients needed to meet the nutritional and psychological needs of the child up to the age of 6 months. Pediatricians recommend that breastfeeding be done for at least one year.
There are cases where the mother wants to continue breastfeeding, but for some reasons this is not possible and the problem is not the lack of breast milk.
When is the breast pump useful?
The most common situations in which the mother is forced to give up breast feeding are:
• Returning to work earlier than 6 months or 1 year;
• Administration of medicines that can be transmitted to the child through milk and can harm it;
• Inducing the idea that there is not enough milk to meet the baby's needs;
• Flat or umbilical nipples (those that tend to withdraw when the baby starts to suck);
• Breastfeeding (excessive filling of breasts with milk, usually caused by an imbalance between the milk supply and the child's demands);
• The occurrence of irritations and irritations in the nipple (as a rule, this situation arises from the lack of experience of the mother in positioning the baby to the breast);
• Mastitis (inflammation of the breasts).
Benefits of the breast pump
The simplest and most accessible method for solving these problems is a breast pump. The benefits of such a product are multiple:
• The collection and storage of breast milk for the subsequent feeding of the baby, when the mother returns to work and wishes to continue breastfeeding.
• Stimulation of lactation, when it is considered that there is not enough milk or lactation has not yet started.
• Protecting the irritated nipples until their healing, so that the mother will not have to stop breastfeeding due to the discomfort or pain caused by the appearance of the crows.
• Maintaining breastfeeding during the whole period when the mother was forbidden to breastfeed for medical reasons or in critical situations, such as premature birth, in which case the baby cannot be positioned in the breast, being unable to suck.
• Breast relaxation in case of numbness and preventing the occurrence of mastitis by releasing breasts from excess milk.
These are just a few aspects that have made mothers everywhere consider breast pump an indispensable product.
Chicco is always with them, providing them with everything they need for long-term breastfeeding, so that the small wonder can benefit from all the benefits of healthy eating.
Tags Baby Breastfeeding Manual Breast Pump Breast Pump Chicco Parent Guide
What is the risk of methylmercury and pregnancy?
The risks of exposure to methylmercury during pregnancy
As a result of intoxication of the pregnant woman with methylmercury, the fetus can be seriously affected, with even the risk of death. The most common and well-known source of methylmercury is fish consumption. Find out what types of fish are putting the health of your future baby at risk and what the risks are!
Mercury and methylmercury
In daily life we are constantly exposed to the risk of mercury poisoning (a liquid metal, silvery-whitish, glossy, which has the property to evaporate and has no odor): broken thermometers, dental fillings or even the air we breathe (from the cause of toxic waste from industrial processes).
Therefore, once the mercury reaches the air, it continues its course and is deposited in all nature, affecting everything we use daily.
Methylmercury is a type of mercury found in water, soil, plants and animals. When mercury is deposited on the ground or in water, it comes into contact with living bacteria and becomes an organic form of it, ie methylmercury.
How is it of dangerous methylmercury for the pregnant woman and for the girl?
Methylmercury poisoning can have dramatic repercussions for both mother and fetus. In the case of mothers, methylmercury poisoning can affect the central nervous system, the ears, lungs, kidneys and other parts of the body, the severity depending on the amount the person was subjected to.
For the girl, the effects can be even greater and even more dramatic, leading to death:
complete brain underdevelopment;
the risk of mental retardation;
minor seizures of children after birth;
loss of muscle control;
other congenital malformations.
Fish consumption and pregnancy intoxication with methylmercury
The most common source of contamination is the consumption of contaminated fish. While fish in the diet of mothers is highly recommended, being one of the healthiest foods offered by nature, attention should be directed to the amount of fish consumed during pregnancy, but also to the type of fish you choose.
As I said, mercury is also deposited in waters: oceans, seas, rivers, lakes and then turns into methylmercury, and the fish that live in them absorb methylmercury along the gills and through food. Almost all fish contain small amounts of methylmercury (but not significant).
It is recommended to pay more attention to the consumption of fish with high methylmercury content in the following categories of women:
who want a child (one year before, avoiding the consumption of exposed fish);
What are the most exposed fish?
In general, the most exposed are large fish. The explanation is that they live longer than the younger ones and are exposed to methylmercury longer.
The ones that contain the most mercury are:
These are followed by types of fish that contain quite large quantities:
fresh tuna (and even canned tuna);
What kind of fish is recommended during pregnancy?
If there is an alarm signal regarding the consumption of fish contaminated with methylmercury, it does not mean that you have to completely abandon the idea of entering the fish in your menu. On the contrary, there are varieties of fish that are very little exposed to this type of mercury and are even recommended for pregnant women:
Those that contain a small amount of mercury:
Tags Pregnancy nutrition Pregnancy risks
After childbirth, most women have the great fear that they will be unable to regain their pre-pregnancy weight.
Why can't I lose weight after childbirth if I barely eat?Of course, it takes some time to regain your competitive edge, but if you can't get rid of excess weight on a long diet, it's worth looking back at what may be causing the overweight. Dr. Ildikou Lхrincz, the Center for Nursing in Nizhny Novgorod, said what disorders can lead to complaints that affect many.
How long does it take to get back to pre-natal form?During pregnancy, women's body weight changes are significant, as in addition to weight gain, blood volume increases, placenta, fetal water and, of course, the baby results in all the extra sheep. It is important to know that if a pregnant woman is paying attention to her nutrition and her regular physical activity during pregnancy, a very small part of the genre. It follows that after the birth and after the regeneration of the mother, if the mother had a healthy lifestyle, she will regain her old weight. you have to eat principle instead of two then it will take longer and you will need a proper diet and regular exercise. Yes, but it may happen that a relatively long time has passed since you were born, that you are healthy, and that less is the language of the balance.
Hormonal dysfunction may be present in the background of the ovaryAccording to Dr. Ildikú Lincrincz of the Center for Dermatology, it is not uncommon for women to be postpartum after birth some hormone disorder develops, which are often overexposed. Sometimes you just have a problem because your body needs a little more time to get back to normal. However, it is very common for a woman to become pregnant after thyroid dysfunction develops. This is because, during pregnancy, the immune system is weakened due to the protection of the fetus, but it is reinforced after birth. When you are sensitive, you may develop thyroiditis, which is often manifested by organ failure, which is a symptom of overexposure to diet or diet. laborvizsgбlattal TSH, T3, T4 and ATPO should be checked and the thyroid should be examined by ultrasound. .Thyroid dysfunction
- normal overeating
- postpartum depression
- a reduction in the quantity of milk
- hair loss
- Interesting Facts That You Were Not To Know About Our Childbirth Weight
- Signs suggestive of thyroid dysfunction
Origin of first name:
Anglo-Saxons, Greeks, Latins
Meaning of the name:
Emmylou is a feminine given name of Greco-Latin origin.
Integrating Emile's derivatives, Emmylou is derived from the Latin aemulus translating as "emulate" or "rival". The suffix -lou evokes smallness, a cute character.
Emmylou is also inspired by the Greek haimulos meaning "obliging".
No Emmylou known to this day, your little princess will perhaps be?
His character :
Emotive, Emmylou is marked by a sensitive skin. It stands out however by the promptness of its reactions: it reacts indeed quarter turn. Despite a hectic activity, Emmylou knows how to preserve small relaxation beaches and daydream a little. Malicious and endowed with great emotional intelligence, this princess often has the last word, and she loves it! Persevering, Emmylou rarely drops his arms. She is deeply committed to achieving her goals, fully aware of the need to fight for her dreams. Emmylou is both quick-witted and thoughtful and introverted.
Emilou, Emmilou and Emmy are all variants of Emmylou.
His party :
The Emmylou are honored on November 12th.
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