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Why you should never leave the house without saying goodbye to your son

Cream with avocado

Avocado cream is a tasty snack, perfect for weekend mornings. It prepares in just a few minutes, is very nourishing, and your family will be delighted by its delicious aroma.

Preparation time

30 min

Difficulty

Easy

Ingredients

1 copt lawyer

3 eggs

1 lemon

1 parsley bond

salt and pepper

Method of preparation

Clean the avocado peel, then gently remove it from the stems and pass it with a blender or a wipe. Boil the egg. Untie the yellow of the albus and put it over the avocado. Season the composition with salt, pepper and lemon juice. Mix well, until homogenized.

At the end, give the cream with avocado cold, for at least 20 minutes. Serve cold avocado cream, with thin slices of toast, garnished with fresh parsley leaves.

Tags Recipe avocado

Neural tube defects in children

Neural tube defects are extremely serious congenital malformations. They are common among newborns and the most common in this category are spina bifida and anancephaly. Some of these neural tube defects can be easily prevented during pregnancy if all prenatal tests and tests are followed.

What are neural tube defects?

Neural tube defects are serious congenital malformations and are caused by incomplete neural tube development that includes the brain and spinal cord. Neural tube defects are some of the most common congenital malformations.

These defects appear at birth due to the fact that the neural tube does not completely close in the first month of embryonic development.

What is the cause of neural tube defects?

In most cases, the cause of these defects is not detected in the newborn.

But experts say that there are a number of environmental and genetic factors that would cause these defects to occur. However, one can talk about some risk factors rather than the actual cause:

- exposure to certain types of medicines such as valproic acid or carbamazepine;

- the lack of folic acid during pregnancy was associated with the appearance of these neural tube defects in the fetus;

- relatives or family members who have suffered such birth defects - there is only a slightly increased risk;

- the chronic diseases of the pregnant woman could have such influences on the baby.

Common types of neural tube defects

These defects are categorized according to the way the defect is: closed or open, ie whether or not it is covered by a skin layer.

The most common types of neural tube defects are:

Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a malformation in which a vertebral arch is incomplete. There are several types of this disease:

- occult spina bifida (the malformation is covered by teguments and fascias);

- spina bifida meningocel (dura mater and spinal arachnoid herniation through vertebral defect);

- spina bifida myelomeningocel (central spinal canal is exposed to the outside).

Anencephaly

Anencephaly affects the development of the brain and scalp and is often characterized by the absence of bones and the minimal development of the large brain (responsible for thinking, movement and senses). It is often manifested by externalizing part of the brain to open the skull (because part of the cranial vault is missing).

In most cases anencephaly can be diagnosed in the baby during pregnancy by tests such as:

- ultrasound scan;

- blood test;

- amniocentesis.

What are the effects of neural tube defects on children?

When babies are born with a neural tube defect, the effects depend on how damaged the area and surrounding tissues and structures are.

In cases of spina bifida, a timely treatment can be successful and can allow the child to grow and develop with a satisfying life.

In more complicated cases, such as anencephaly, very few newborns survive more than a few days, because the brain is very little developed, exposed and extremely damaged.

Children who survive a neural tube defect can experience many problems throughout their lives, regarding development:

- lack of concentration;

- lack of coordination in movements;

- difficulty in reading;

- difficulty in solving problems;

- deformed composition;

- rigid joints;

- muscle weakness;

- paralysis (more of the lower limbs);

- allergies.

Treatment of neural defects in children

The treatment for such defects is designed according to the symptoms presented by the child and involves a whole team of necessary specialists. Is about:

- physiotherapist;

- dietitian;

- logoped;

- social workers;

- occupational therapy services.

Neural tube defects cannot be completely healed, but the treatment is mainly based on controlling the symptoms and improving them and helping the child to grow and develop as normal as possible.

Tags Spina bifida Congenital fat deformities New born malformations

Stages of birth

To help answer some common pregnancy-related workers' rights questions, the nonprofit A Better Balance (ABB) offers some resources. Below is a summary of some of the key points about workplace laws and options that may be available to you, depending on your situation. For more in-depth information, read the full ABB resources page.

Your rights as a pregnant employee

  • Your boss can't fire you because you're pregnant. If your employer forces you to leave your job or cuts your hours because they don't want you working during the pandemic, that could be pregnancy discrimination, which is illegal. You can call the A Better Balance helpline at 833-NEED-ABB or file a complaint online with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission at eeoc.gov.
  • Your employer can't punish you for requesting an accommodation because of your pregnancy or because you need to take sick leave due to COVID-19. Again, if this happens to you, it may well be discriminatory.
  • You may be able to get "reasonable" accommodations if you have a pregnancy complication such as preeclampsia or gestational diabetes. This applies if your employer has 15 or more employees. "Reasonable" basically means not too difficult or expensive for your employer.
  • You may be able to get "reasonable" accommodations if your employer provides accommodations for non-pregnant employees with medical needs or disabilities that similarly affect their ability to work. Again, your employer must have 15 or more employees. You don't need to have a pregnancy complication for this to apply.
  • In some states and cities, you're entitled to accommodations simply because you're pregnant. You can search the ABB database to find out about laws in your state, or read about other accommodations from the Pregnant at Work initiative.

Accommodations you could ask for at work

Some examples of reasonable workplace accommodations related to COVID-19 might include:

  • Working from home or doing telework
  • Temporarily changing job duties so you interact less with others
  • Changes to your work environment so you can more easily social distance
  • Modifying your work schedule so you don't have to commute on public transport during rush hour
  • Lighter duties, more bathroom breaks, being able to carry a water bottle on the job
  • Access to personal protective equipment such as masks, gloves, and hand sanitizer

How to ask for an accommodation

It's up to you to ask your employer for a workplace accommodation. Experts speaking to The New York Times have these suggestions when it comes to approaching your employer:

  • Ask for a doctor's note. This can help persuade your employer, even if you don't legally need it, says Emily Martin with the National Women's Law Center. She recommends talking to your doctor about the details of your job and specifying exactly what accommodations you would like.
  • Start with your immediate supervisor. Then go to HR, if necessary. Liz Morris, deputy director of the Center for WorkLife Law, suggests emphasizing that you remain committed to your job and that your family depends on the income.

Other options

If you can't get the work accommodations you want, or if you need to take time off to reduce your risk of exposure to the virus during pregnancy, there are a few other options. These can depend on where you live, your job, and your circumstances. Keep in mind that you may lose your health insurance if you leave your job.

  • Temporary disability insurance or paid medical leave: This may apply if you've been advised not to work due to COVID-19 exposure risks. Only some states make this available, and the laws vary. Here's a comprehensive list.
  • Unemployment insurance or pandemic unemployment benefits: You may be able to leave your job and claim these benefits under several circumstances, including if your doctor advised you to self-quarantine due to concerns related to COVID-19 or if your child's school is closed because of the virus. Here's information about applying for unemployment benefits by state.
  • Short-term sick leave: You may be able to get up to two weeks of paid time off under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. Your state, county, or city may have its own sick-time laws. The ABB has more information here.
  • Unpaid leave: If you have pregnancy complications and your company has given leave to other employees with similar challenges, you may be able to request unpaid time off. Or you could ask for up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave through the Family and Medical Leave Act, but that could leave you with less time off after your baby is born. Of course, these aren't great options if your family relies on your paycheck.

For more in-depth information, go to ABB's Know Your Rights resource page about pregnancy, workplace rights, and COVID-19. Check out BabyCenter's Maternity Leave Checklist for information about taking time off for pregnancy and childbirth.

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