Prolapsus after birth

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The official pre-adoption procedure

The purpose of the procedure is to determine whether the adopted person is suitable for adopting a child on the basis of his or her personality and conditions.

The Child Welfare Service will send the results and the recommendation of the examination carried out to the competent child care office in the country where you intend to host. The Office decided on the suitability of a home doctor's certificate, a child welfare specialist report, an environmental study, and a hearing of the person seeking admission. If the applicants prove to be suitable, they are registered by the child protection service and, with their contribution, in the national register. The decision of the Office of the Tribunal shall be valid for two years from the date on which it becomes effective and may be renewed for one year.
Provincial Child Protection Service in Budapest: VIII. kerület, Alfцldi u. 9-13. Phone: 210-14-45
Bölcsх Foundation and Association: Szekszard, Tinуdi u. 9. Tel: 06 / 74-312-759, 06-20-944-35-66, Email: [email protected]
Gуlyahnr Association: 2441 Szbzhalombatta, Pf: 54, [email protected], President Mуrucz Lajosné, Tel .: 06-30-251-71-20
Several days of diarrhea, is it serious?

"My 6-month-old daughter with diarrhea for 6 days, I do not know what to do?" Professor Patrick Tounian, Head of Nutrition and Gastroenterology, answers Gwennaëlle's question.

The answer of Pr Patrick Tounian, head of the nutrition and gastroenterology department at Trousseau Hospital (Paris) *

  • Classic diarrhea is a stool emission almost incessantly. It is often the common symptom of a gastro. The child is feverish and dejected. The diarrhea episode can last about 3 days and should be managed to avoid the risk of dehydration, which can have serious consequences in young children.
  • Diarrhea can last for several days, after an episode of gastro when the child seems cured and is in top form, stools liquid and very nauseating. It is not impossible that he suffers from an irritable bowel, which can follow a gastro. An annoying phenomenon but without danger for the child, because there is no risk of dehydration.
  • In the presence of an irritable bowel, it is necessary to modify the diet by limiting the fibers (carrots, green beans ...). It is also necessary that the pediatrician prescribe for 8 or 15 days, the use of a milk without lactose.

* Author of Answers to all the questions you have about your child's diet (Odile Jacob, 2014)

Interview by Frédérique Odasso

All our baby expert answers

Pregnancy Toxicology Can Be Clearly Predicted For Maternal And Fetus

Pregnancy Toxicology Can Be Clearly Predicted For Maternal And Fetus

When a couple brings a child into the world, both parties hope that together they can share all the moments that this sweet creature is going to give them and build together a future for the little one. This is the ideal stamp that all parents dream of, but there are times when things are not as desired. The man and the woman find disagreements, enter into crisis and decide to divorce. It is a situation of pain and suffering for adults and children, but how to mitigate this damage in our children?What divorced parents should never do or say to their children.

From the moment we decide as adults that we are to bring a baby into this world, we have to be aware that the life of that little person will depend on us for the first few years and that what we do or not do will greatly influence its realization. as a person and how he is going to forge his personality.

If we yell at him, if we give him a lot of kisses, if we overprotect him ... For better or for worse, depending on how you look at it, his childhood will mark how the child is grown up. Parents always try to do our best, but what happens is that kids don't come with an instruction book under their arm and there are circumstances where we get overwhelmed and may not get it all right.

How do you tell a child that his parents are going to separate? And that we are going to divorce? Finding the tools for this is difficult and complicated. Those who have gone through this say that, whatever we do, the children are going to have a hard time, but the time and intensity of that pain and suffering depends on us.

María Teresa Puchol Soriano is a magistrate of the Mixed Court 1 of Huesca, Aragon (Spain). Your name may not tell you anything, but if we tell you that her pseudonym on Twitter is Lady Crocs perhaps things will change, because you may be one of the 74,000 followers she has on this social network.

He recently posted a thread on Twitter to talk her experience as the daughter of divorced parents, mother of children of divorced parents and writer of dozens (if not hundreds) of divorce, separation or modification of measures.

But not only that, it has created a kind of decalogue of what DO NOT tell the children never when a divorce proceeding beginsand he wanted to share it with his followers, but also with us, with our site

It is a text that fits perfectly with the reality of many parents and children who live in a situation caused by a separation. She herself admits that it has been hard to shape it, 'I had been with the idea for almost a year and I could not quite find the moment, but finally I did it because it seemed to me that it could be useful', but here it is.

1. Who do you want to go with, Mom or Dad?
They asked me that question when I was eight years old and it still reverberates in my head. That decision is made by adults, not children; And they should do it according to their circumstances and for the benefit of the child. If you ask a child that point-blank, you can create a kind of feeling of loyalty to one or the other, which will generate an inner conflict. Can you imagine that they ask you about your children?

2. Dad / mom has sued me for a divorce
If the decision is communicated in this way, one of the parents is being blamed for having made it and is guiding what the child should feel. They should be informed, but lovingly and aseptically. I am more in favor of saying things like 'we are now dating and we prefer to live each in another house', or 'we have stopped understanding each other or sharing the same things' ... But never focus on one of them.

3. Dad / mom has abandoned us
This phrase is devastating for the emotional development of a child. If the adult feels this way, let them overcome the duel, but it is not possible to pretend to share a feeling of that caliber with someone who has a clear reference in both figures. Even if you feel that the other parent is a bad creature, it is an idea or feeling that will have to be shared with friends, parents, psychologist or the pillow. If the child must discover that he is a bad creature, let him do it himself. At the end of the day it is still a subjective assessment.

4. Your father / mother used to ... tell me ...
The reasons or conflicts of separation is something that children should not know. When they grow up and ask, if you want to share the information, while they are children you should not speak ill of the other parent. The care and assistance of parents is a right-duty. It should be enjoyed, but it is also a responsibility that must be assumed. How could it be done correctly if the child goes to the house of who he thinks he is or has been a monster with his other parent?

5. I would, darling, but your parent doesn't want to
If there are discrepancies between the parents about a decision, it should not be communicated this way to the children, much less if there is separation in between and a latent conflict, because it generates resentment of the child over the other person. In case of conflict on an issue I think it is better to tell them in an objective way that you do not agree on that issue and that you are talking about it to solve it in the best possible way, without blaming and without involving the child.

6. Tell your mother / father that
No, I do not think that children are the ones who should communicate any controversy between parents. I think it is better to answer something like 'well, we will talk about it dad / mom and I and see what solution we can take'.

7. I go to court because ...
This information, like the words demand, complaint, lawyer and other legal terms, children do not have to hear or know them. Only in the event that they have to go to court to testify. In those cases, I think the best thing is to try to anticipate what the building is like, where they are going to tell their story ('declare' no, it's too technical for them), who they will talk to ... Even make a playmobils theater at home with the different characters. It also seems very important to me to take away the iron from the matter, that he does not feel that his statement is transcendental for the world order (for a child this is precisely the development of his life in the family).

8. Your mother / father doesn't love us
No, that can never be said to a child. He may not love you anymore, and it may be very painful to do so, but never say such a thing to your child. Surely his father does love him and, if not, let him discover it.

9. I cannot because my father / mother does not pay me my pension
The financial problems of adults should not be shared with children, if this problem is caused by the behavior of one of them with a greater reason. If so, let the child discover it over time.

10. He has left us for another
I insist that the reasons for the separation should not be communicated to the children, but this in particular to a lesser extent because that 'other / other' may end up being the child's stepfather or stepmother and having a bad perception of that figure is not appropriate.

Lady Crocs does not pretend to be what she is not, psychologist, she simply talks about something that she has lived in her own flesh and that she sees every day because of her work in court. "They are small guidelines based on what I would have liked my parents to do, what I would like to see in court and what I try to put into practice with my life."

Psychologists emphasize the importance of parents maintaining correct conduct and behavior in situations of separation and divorce, to show that they are civilized people. Their actions will have an impact on the child and their impact on this will depend on how this process is and, also, on the age of the child. Thus it affects a divorce process according to the age of the child.

- Up to three years
Babies do not understand what is happening around them, but they do feel and perceive the things that are around them. If there is a relaxed atmosphere, he will be happy; On the other hand, if it is difficult to breathe, the child's behavior will be different. Therefore, just as we will try not to argue and shout in front of the older children, let us do the same with the younger ones.

On the other hand, it should be noted that notice the absence of a parent and may be irritable. The fear of abandonment, typical of this age group, can increase and be fed. Advice: do not vary the routines so that you feel that everything 'remains the same'.

In the case of children who are between 2 and 3 years old, a time when the child is in the process of making great progress (eating alone, talking, putting off the diaper ...), a divorce or separation can slow him down or have what are known as regressions, for example, peeing again in bed or stuttering.

His emotions, he knows, identifies or handles them, they will get on a roller coaster and we will notice very abrupt mood swings. Parents should not try to get angry with him and help him channel his feelings.

- 3 to 5 years
In this phase of development, the child is particularly curious about everything around him and does not stop asking questions. Maybe, with his rag tongue, he asks you what's wrong. The most important thing in these cases is convey the message that he is not guilty of anything. Tip: see if he changes his behavior with you, with grandparents or at school and give him security.

- From 6 to 12 years old
Sad, betrayed and angry ... This is how a child between 6 and 12 years old feels when their parents break the news. It is difficult for them to accept the situation because for them it is the only possible way and they cannot imagine life without one of their parents. It will be time to talk a lot with him and explain everything many times. Tip: Talk to your teachers at school in case they notice something strange.

- Adolescence
In an age that is showing what their own personality is, divorce makes the child's world reel. He may push you to the limit and do 'something crazy' to get your attention and try to get you to reverse the decision. Tips: talk to teachers and also to your friends. Now with one of its great points of support!

You can read more articles similar to What Divorced Parents Should Never Say To Their Children, in the category of Relationship on site.

The term "co-sleeping" generally refers to sleeping in the immediate vicinity of your child, whether it is sleeping in the same or the same room. The subject itself is controversial, for two reasons. When the child is very young, there is a risk that the parent will roll over the child, if he has a restful sleep. Another counterargument is related to the risk of the child's dependence on a parent or even both, especially if the mother and father choose to sleep with their child, in the same bed, for a long period of time. On the other hand, there are specialists who say that sleeping in the same bed has benefits for the baby and that there should be no problems for him to learn later to sleep alone.

Types of co-sleeping

Each family is free to choose the co-sleeping method they want and which they think is best suited to their lifestyle and family needs.

Sleeping in the same bed or bed-sharing

Some parents prefer to sleep in the same bed with the baby, especially when the baby is very young and the mother is still recovering after birth.

Installation of the traditional crib in the parents' room

It is the most common practice in families in our country. The baby's bed is placed in the immediate vicinity of the matrimonial bed, so that the parents can reach the child quickly, when he wakes up at night.

Use of an evolutionary crib

The evolutionary cribs have been specially designed for co-sleeping, and can later be transformed into a traditional bed and a mini-sofa. In the first months of the baby's life, the bed mattress can be adjusted to the height appropriate to that of the parents' bed, so that it can be attached to it. Certain models of evolutionary bed arranged up to 9 positions of mattress adjustment, to easily adapt to any type of bed to which it will be attached. Many models also contain a set of fastening belts for optimum fastening.

The evolutionary crib, attached to the mother's bed is ideal in the first months of the baby's life, when the parents want to have it as close as possible, facilitating breastfeeding at night.

Inviting the child to the parents' room, if necessary

The baby already has his room, but he is always welcome to sleep with mommies and dads. Some children wake up agitated during the night, dream badly or fail to fall asleep for various reasons. The presence of parents near them makes them feel much more comfortable and they fall asleep faster.

The advantages of co-sleeping

Co-sleeping is not suitable for all families, but it can have many advantages for those who practice it:

- The parents are more relaxed and relaxed, knowing that the baby is close to them and, consequently, they sleep better;

- The baby feels safe and secure, and his sleep will be quieter;

- The little one grows faster and better. Specialized studies show that sleeping in that room with parents improves the activity of the cardio-respiratory system and the immunity of the baby;

- Mum can breastfeed more easily, with minimal effort, and will feel more rested;

- Milk production is maintained in optimum quantities;

- Co-sleeping reduces the risk of sudden death of the baby in sleep by up to 50%;

- It eliminates the risk of anxiety developed by separation at night;

- The parents make a strong connection with the baby from the first weeks of life, which promotes harmony in the family and in the couple and helps the little one to develop well from a psycho-emotional point of view;

- Parents will wake up near a smiling baby;

- The apparent dependence, in the short term, helps the child to become more independent;

Many specialists have noted that parents who sleep in the same room with the baby manage to better meet their emotional needs in the first years of life. As he grows up, the child who knows that he can rely on his parents at any time will give him more courage in exploring the surrounding world and will be more independent. Of course, this also involves the encouragement of independence from parents, as the child develops and begins to go to kindergarten, then to school.

What safety measures are required in co-sleeping

Whether you put him to sleep in a cradle or rocking chair, in his crib or in your bed, you have to make sure the sleeping space is safe for the child. Here are some things that every mom should consider:

- The baby should be placed on the back when you put it to the dwarves;

- The sleeping surface must be firm. In no case should I put him to sleep on a water mattress, pillow, bean bag chair or any other soft surface;

- The mattress should be chosen according to the size of the frame of the crib, not smaller nor larger;

- Remove any pillow, crib or extra animal near the child's head;

- Do not leave any distance between the crib and the wall. This way you will avoid situations where the baby rolls and stays trapped between the wall and the crib;

- Never put the baby to sleep on the couch or on a satin sheet, as the baby may slip.

The disadvantages of co-sleeping

Not every adult feels comfortable sleeping in the same room with a small child, lying in the same bed. Therefore, such a decision should be made only after the couple has discussed all the aspects involved in this practice:

Parents risk not resting at all

If you are going through a stressful period or have a restless sleep in your family, then co-sleeping may not be a good idea for you. There are many parents who cannot sleep comfortably if they know that the baby is with them. Others often wake up at night, at every move of the child.

The intimacy of the couple may suffer

When the mother sleeps with the child in one room, and the father alone, in another room, the latter may feel abandoned. On the other hand, if you sleep all three in the same bed, you will not be able to enjoy those moments of intimacy between adults.

Co-sleeping as a strategy for denying couple problems

There are couples who "lie" in the marriage bed and use the presence of the child to refuse any contact. They only pretend to have a happy family, because they are afraid to discuss their problems openly and sincerely. Such couples resort to co-sleeping to give a false sense of marital security.

Myths about co-sleeping

There are several myths about co-sleeping, as about most practices, regardless of their nature. Two of these give rise to more question marks, which is why they need to be clarified.

Co-sleeping favors the development of ear infections

The main reason why most families choose co-sleeping is because it makes breastfeeding easier at night. Moms take their baby to bed and breastfeed, they stand on one side.

This practice, some argue, can cause ear infections in babies. Research in the field has shown that this myth is false. On the other hand, remember that the baby is still lying, in most of the positions you are breastfeeding, whether you are lying on the bed or not.

Co-sleeping can cause psychological problems in children

Those who disapprove of the idea of ​​co-sleeping bring as main argument the risk of developing dependence on the mother, with serious psychological consequences on the emotional and social development of the child. Of course, everyone is entitled to give their opinion, but we must make the difference between personal and arbitrary vision and scientific reality.

There is no specialized study to show that separation and independence are achieved, among other things, by separating the parent from the child during sleep. On the other hand, there is no research that shows that there are negative consequences of co-sleeping, ideologically or emotionally. On the contrary, co-sleeping is even indicated during the entire breastfeeding period of the child and seems to have only beneficial effects, according to all observations. The only exceptions, psychologists say, are those cases where co-sleeping is part of a family pathology or when it occurs in dangerous social and physical conditions.

Co-sleeping, as long as it involves healthy relationships between family members, has no negative long-term consequences. Moreover, co-sleeping can help the child to develop positive qualities, such as a higher degree of physical affection, more confidence in his or her gender identity, a more positive and optimistic attitude towards life, a spirit of innovation and an increased ability to be alone.

What do you think about co-sleeping? What method of sleeping near the child seemed most appropriate for your family?

Tags Co-sleeping Co-sleeping benefits Sleeping with baby in bed Baby sleep

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What your grade-schooler knows – and needs to know

Despite what many of us have been taught, there's nothing wrong with talking about the color of people's skin. In fact, the opposite is true: Teaching kids not to talk about race can contribute to the problem of racism. It's never too early to begin nurturing a healthy awareness of diversity in your child.

As kids enter grade school, they begin to figure out that the color of their skin has meaning beyond the colors found in a crayon box. Grade-schoolers are starting to categorize people in more sophisticated ways. They'll ask questions about appearances and identity that reflect their heightened awareness of subtle differences in skin tone, eye shape, and hair texture.

Five- to 8-year-olds are also increasingly curious about what groups they and others belong to. Questions from other kids – as well as those sparked by TV and movies – will begin to shape their notion of race. How you respond to your child's growing curiosity will affect her ability to relate to people of different backgrounds throughout her life.

As with other tough topics, it helps to talk to your child early and often about race. Embarrassment or silence gives your child the impression that the topic is off-limits or that a bigoted remark is accurate and acceptable to you. Children look to their parents for moral cues, and they'll learn from your actions as well as your words.

How to talk about race with your grade-schooler

Expose your child to people of all shades. If you don't live in a diverse neighborhood and your child doesn't go to a school with kids of other races, surround her with children's books and artwork featuring people of different races. Take her to events where you can interact with a range of people. Five- to 8-year-olds are the perfect audience for a step dancing group, Japanese cultural festival, or Kwanzaa celebration.

Stick to the facts. When your child asks about race, keep your answers direct. Children this age aren't able to process complex ideas like a teen or adult can. As always with kids, answer just the question asked.

Don't overreact to comments or questions. If your child makes a surprising comment or asks a startling or even offensive question regarding race, don't ignore it or hush her. Instead, respond in a nonjudgmental way – say something like "Let's talk about that for a minute..." so she doesn't think the topic is taboo. Then dig for context: "What made you notice that?" Try to get more detail about what the observation means to your child, says Susan Linn, a psychologist at the Judge Baker Children's Center at Harvard Medical School and coauthor of Talking to Children about Racism, Prejudice and Diversity. Your child's answer can spark a conversation. "To raise a child who's curious, not afraid, about differences, it's important to send the message that differences aren't bad," Linn says.

If your child offends someone with a remark, ask her to apologize, suggests Marguerite Wright, psychologist and author of I'm Chocolate, You're Vanilla: Raising Healthy Black and Biracial Children. Later, in private, talk to your child about how certain comments can upset people. But don't make too big a deal about it – she's just learning.

Discourage labeling. Do you or other adults in your child's life tend to refer to people by race – "that black lady" or "that white man"? If so, your child will pick up on the habit. At this age, children begin to make their first derogatory comments, like "That black kid Bobby is a bad kid." If your child says something like this because she's been bullied by another child, validate her hurt feelings while reminding her that Bobby is an individual. "Send the message that it's not okay to judge a person by a group," Wright advises. Call people by their names rather than labeling them by race, and teach your child to do the same. If your child's grandparents or other adults in her life make racist comments, don't let them slide. Discreetly point out how your own view differs.

Filter the media, and talk about what your child sees. Don't let your child watch TV or read newspapers unsupervised. The media too often transmits stereotypes and distortions regarding race. While school-age kids understand that TV is not reality, they easily pick up on subtle messages about race and culture, so step in to challenge any racial stereotypes you see. If a news story about a racially charged incident comes on, take it as a "teaching moment" to discuss tolerance.

Don't overdo it. Talking openly is good, but you can place too much emphasis on race. Overemphasizing is no better than avoiding the topic. Give your child information, but in small doses.

Aim for "color fairness," not "color blindness." If you don't acknowledge differences, you fail to prepare your child to live in a multiethnic society. The message should be that "your ethnicity is part of who you are," says Wright, "and it's important to treat everybody fairly and equally."

Answers to common questions about race

"What race am I?" Others might ask your child this question, or it could come up as part of a school project about where families come from. Use family photos and a globe or map to talk about where your child's ancestors once lived, what they looked like, what language they spoke, and so on. This might get more complicated in multiracial families, but 5- to 8-year-olds can process the idea of belonging to more than one group.

"Why aren't I brown like Dad?" This question may come up in multiracial and adoptive families. Start off by saying "Every family is different." If your child is multiracial, talk about how she looks a bit like both her parents and her grandparents. If her skin color is different than yours, point out that her nose or her smile is similar and that you both like to read and play cards. Adoptive parents can talk about how children and parents don't have to "match" to be a family.

"Can I be white?" This question might come as a shock, but try not to show it. Grade-school kids want to fit in – if your child is in the minority in her school, she may have picked up on messages that some look down on her race. First find out why she's asking, then calmly talk to her about her heritage and what it means to you, using family photos, books, art, or music to reinforce a positive image. The bottom line is, no, you can't be white, but here are all the wonderful things about being the color that you are.

What else you can do

Surround your child with diversity. Arrange playdates and sleepovers with kids from racial groups she doesn't normally interact with.

Be proactive about teasing and excluding. In elementary school, the first conflicts involving race may arise. School-age kids, particularly girls, often segregate themselves by race as early as kindergarten. One researcher found that by age 6, many children already harbor racial prejudices. When Wright's daughter came home to say another child didn't want to play with her because she was "brown," Wright talked it over with her, then invited the other girl over for a playdate. She also spoke to the school about the incident, and the teacher brought it up in class without mentioning which children were involved.

Encourage diversity at school. Find out what books are read in your child's school library. Suggest diversity where there is none, with books like Let's Talk About Race orThe Story of Ruby Bridges or White Socks Only. Parents at some schools form diversity committees to organize workshops, trips, and multicultural potlucks or festivals. And Wright suggests that parents get actively involved in recruiting students and faculty of other races.

Breastfeeding in the heart of Africa

Breastfeeding in the heart of Africa