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Hand-foot-mouth virus and the 11 most frequent doubts of parents
Hand-foot-mouth disease is a very common viral infection in childhood. It is very frequent and, although it is usually benign, on many occasions it generates uncertainty that we will solve today. These are the most frequent doubts of parents about the hand-foot-mouth virus.
It is a viral infection, produced by different viruses of the enterovirus family (mainly the Coxsackie virus). Cases can occur throughout the year, but it is typical especially in the summer and early autumn months. On the other hand, it must be said that it usually affects children of infant school age (under 5 years), but also older children and even adults can contract the disease.
1. How is it spread?
The transmission of this virus is directly from person to person, mainly through contact with the feces of sick people (fecal-oral route) and by contact with secretions / droplets that are released when the person coughs, sneezes or blows their nose. (airway). Also through skin lesions (fluid from blisters) and contact with contaminated surfaces and objects.
2. What are the symptoms?
The time between when a person is infected with the virus and begins to start symptoms (incubation period) is variable, being between 3 and 7 days. Initially, very nonspecific variable symptoms may appear with fever (usually lasting 2-3 days), malaise, mucus ... Shortly afterwards, the characteristic skin lesions will appear.
These are lesions that usually start as red dots and turn into small vesicles. They are typically located, as the name says in:
- Mouth: outside the mouth and inside. Lesions inside the mouth, in the form of sores, are painful, so there is often a sore throat and loss of appetite.
- Hand: palms and between the fingers.
- Feet: soles and around the toes.
They can also appear on other parts of the body (often in the diaper area). They usually start as red dots, which turn into small blisters.
3. What is the evolution of the hand-foot-mouth virus?
It is generally a mild process that resolves spontaneously in 7-10 days without leaving sequelae or scars. Sometimes, 4-6 weeks after the eruption, a detachment of the nail appears with its subsequent fall (onychomadesis). This process does not hurt, and the nail will grow back in the following weeks or months.
4. Can there be complications?
Complications are usually exceptional, but you should go to the pediatrician in case of bad evolution of the picture. Mainly highlighting dehydration and weight loss (due to refusal to eat and drink due to pain in the mouth). Febrile seizures can also occur, as with other common childhood infections.
5. How is the hand-foot-mouth virus diagnosed?
The diagnosis is clinical, without being necessary to carry out any test to confirm it. Through the symptoms and physical examination and with the characteristic lesions, your pediatrician will easily suspect this infection.
6. How is it treated?
There is no curative treatment (no antibiotics or other medicine that will kill the infection), as it is caused by viruses. The disease resolves itself, with treatment aimed at alleviating symptoms and avoiding dehydration:
- Analgesics (Ibuprofen or Paracetamol) if the child has fever, pain or discomfort.
- Offer feeding without forcing. Avoid hot, spicy, spicy or acidic foods, as they will increase the pain. Better to offer fresh food.
- Offer fluids frequently.
7. Can my [email protected] go to nursery school?
This virus spreads very easily, especially the first week of illness, but it can also do so when asymptomatic and even weeks after having suffered the disease (the virus continues to be eliminated through secretions and feces). That is why school exclusion is not effective in reducing the spread.
Whether or not to attend nursery school / college will depend on the general condition of the child. If the child has a fever, malaise, mouth lesions cause pain and does not want to eat or drink, it is advisable and more prudent to leave him at home until he recovers.
8. Can you get the infection again?
Yes, since they can be infected several times with the same type of virus or by different viruses that also cause this disease.
9. When should I see the pediatrician?
Many parents don't know very well when to see the doctor. Here are some parameters that will help you:
- If decay or irritability.
- If the child does not want to eat or drink due to the pain of the sores in the mouth.
- If you urinate less and / or the urine is darker.
- If the fever lasts more than 3 days.
10, How can we prevent it?
The most important thing is to take extreme hygiene measures:
- Wash your hands frequently, especially after changing the diaper
- Correctly disinfect surfaces and objects (toys) that have been in contact with saliva and feces.
- Avoid intimate contact with infected people (hugging, kissing ...) and or sharing objects that have been in contact (cutlery, glasses, toothbrush)
- Teach children to cover their mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.
11. Is there a vaccine to prevent it?
Until now there is no specific vaccine against these viruses.
You can read more articles similar to Hand-foot-mouth virus and the 11 most frequent doubts of parents, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.
Hydration is Key to Treat Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
From 18 months, surprise your young gourmet and invite him to travel.
- For 2 meals:
- 60 g of rice
- 2 tbsp. frozen peas
- 1 small carrot
- 1 small slice of fat-free ham
- 1 egg
- 1 pinch of salt
- soy sauce (optional)
Wash the rice and let it cook in salted boiling water for 20 minutes (it should not be crisp anymore).
Meanwhile, peel the carrot and cut it into cubes. Cook it with the peas in boiling water.
Detail the ham into small pieces.
Beat the egg in a bowl and pour it into an oiled frying pan over high heat. Lower the heat and let the egg take, then cut the omelette diced.
Drain the rice. Mix all the ingredients.
Divide into two portions and serve with or without soy sauce.
10 photos of babies born with lush hairMost babies are born with a soft nap or a symbolic hairstyle. Only a few are born with really lush hair. Here are pictures of the kids who made the biggest sensation on the internet. Cute?
In the first photo, a three-week-old toddler ...
Source of the above photos
Zucchini pancakes. Recipes with vegetables for children
Thanks to its mild and pleasant flavor, zucchini is one of the vegetables (or greens) most accepted by children. It is rich in potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium.
Therefore, it is a food that should not be lacking in children's nutrition. Guiainfantil.com has prepared a healthy and rich recipe with zucchini: Zucchini pancakes.
- 1 large zucchini
- 2 tablespoons (soup) of wheat flour
- 2 eggs
- 1 cup of milk (or liquid cream)
- Chives leaves
- Oil for frying
- Salt to taste
- Tips: instead of chives you can also use chopped parsley leaves
It is also a quick and easy recipe, especially for children's dinner. It is one of these recipes that children do not take long to come to the table. You sign up?
1- Wash the zucchini and cut it into very small pieces. If you want, you can grate it. Reserve it.
2- Cut the chives leaves into small pieces.
3- In a bowl, mix the flour with the milk and then the eggs. Beat everything until you get a thicker dough.
4- Add the chives leaves in pieces and stir.
5- Then, add the zucchini pieces and stir again.
6- Add the salt, stir and reserve.
7- In another frying pan put oil to fry.
8- When the oil is hot, and with the help of a ladle, place a little of the zucchini mixture in the pan, to form small pancakes.
9- When it begins to brown underneath, turn the pancakes so that they are made on both sides.
10-When they are golden brown, remove them from the pan and put them on kitchen paper to eliminate the fat.
You can serve the pancakes with mayonnaise or with some fried or cooked potatoes. Or simply with rice. Enjoy your meal!
Here are more pancake recipes.
You can read more articles similar to Zucchini pancakes. Recipes with vegetables for children, in the Vegetables category - vegetables on site.
Coloring of stories: The shepherdess and the chimney sweeper
Coloring of stories: The shepherdess and the chimney sweeper
Download the coloring to print
Reaching week 20 of gestation is reaching the equator of pregnancy. Most likely, you have increased your weight 5 kilos and from now on you will gain approximately one kilo per month. It is very important to consume enough iron and drink at least one liter of milk a day. It is also convenient that you eat 6 meals a day without leaving a lot of space between them, so you will avoid eating with an anxiety and you will chew your food better.
Menu made byCristina Abascal, Nutritionist.
Menu for week 20 of pregnancy
You can read more articles similar to Menu for week 20 of pregnancy, in the Diets category - menus on site.
The baby's blood, being examined
Thanks to the application of a new laboratory technology, the heel test that is performed on babies at the time of birth will be able to detect 14 more congenital diseases and pass a total screening of 19. With the technology called mass spectrometry in In tandem, it is possible to diagnose more than thirty inherited diseases from the newborn's blood test.
The heel test involves the removal of a small sample of blood from the baby's heel. We parents know it well because the first is performed on the baby as soon as it is born in the maternity ward and the second after seven or ten days in the health center. The results come home and are very important because the heel test detects the presence of congenital diseases in the baby.
The good news is that the heel test is now more complete. It will follow the same blood extraction procedure, but the laboratory analysis will now allow the detection of 14 more diseases, that is, of the traditional 5 it will go on to detect 19 congenital diseases. Some of these congenital diseases do not present external signs at the time of birth, but if they are not treated early they can cause brain damage and mental handicaps. They can exist from the formation of the embryo and constitute an important group of deficiencies. Its origin is found in genetic errors or in exogenous, toxic factors, medications, radiation ... that act through the mother's body.
The spectrum of diseases that are diagnosed through the heel test or natal screening is constantly expanding and can vary depending on the area or country. The heel test began to be performed more than 30 years ago in New Zealand and over the years, it has been refined and demonstrating the usefulness it has and the advantages of knowing the diagnosis very early, since from this So babies can receive specific treatment as soon as possible. Thus, in 2009 only seven diseases were detected and today, with the application of technology called tandem mass spectrometry, it is possible to diagnose more than thirty hereditary diseases from the newborn's blood test.
Until now, in Spain, the analysis of the blood of the heel test allowed the early diagnosis of five congenital diseases: congenital hypothyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, phenylketonuria, sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis. Thanks to the new incorporated technology, and with a single extraction of blood taken from the newborn's heel, diseases related to the metabolism of amino acids, fatty acids and organic acids can be detected. A very important step forward for our children.
You can read more articles similar to The baby's blood, being examined, in the Health on site category.