Applesauce. Grandmother's recipe

Applesauce. Grandmother's recipe

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Child abuse: How to tell if something's wrong

How can I tell whether my child has been abused?

If your child spends any amount of time away from you – whether it's with a babysitter, with a trusted family friend or relative, or at daycare – it's natural to be concerned about his safety. And like any parent, you've probably wondered whether you'd be able to tell if your child was being mistreated.

Some parents mistakenly overlook signs of abuse because they don't want to face what's happening. Most abusers are family members, which makes the situation even harder to accept. On the other hand, even when you do keep an eye out for the physical symptoms and behavioral changes that may point to abuse, it can be tricky to figure out exactly what's going on.

"You're always playing a guessing game," says Kathy Baxter, director of the San Francisco Child Abuse Council. "A child could have many other reasons for being fussy or becoming withdrawn. But parents are really good at knowing their children, so you have to try to put together a picture and go with your gut instinct."

If your child is old enough to communicate well, Baxter suggests regularly asking him questions such as, "Did anything happen to you today that you didn't like?" or "Have you ever been frightened at daycare?" If he's in the habit of telling you what makes him uncomfortable, he'll be more likely to tell you when anything is seriously amiss.

"When it comes to abuse and neglect, most kids tell the truth," Baxter says. "But in most cases, they are reluctant. They don't want to get the person in trouble. They feel guilty. They may feel it happened because they were bad."

If your child can't tell you what's going on (because he's too young or not very communicative), pinpointing abuse can be even more difficult. What you can do is keep a close eye on him for signs that all is not well.

Some parents discover signs of abuse – such as internal bleeding and injuries – only when they take their child to the doctor because he won't stop crying or is being excessively fussy. Emotional abuse (such as threats or constant criticism) is even harder to detect.

About 3 million child abuse reports are made nationally every year, and the highest risk population is children younger than 5 years of age, says Baxter.

Signs to watch for

A child who has been physically abused may:

  • Cry and put up a fight when it's time to go to daycare or a sitter's or appear frightened around the caregiver or other adults. (Of course, this could also be a normal reaction to separation. Again, you'll need to factor in other things, including your instincts.)
  • Show other sudden changes in behavior or performance at daycare or school.
  • Come home with unexplained bruises, abrasions, burns, broken bones, black eyes, cuts, bite marks, or other injuries. Repeated injuries of any type are a warning sign. Any rib fracture, long bone fracture, or bruising in a baby who isn't yet walking or very mobile should raise concerns about abuse.

If your child is still a baby, learn the signs of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) – which doctors call abusive head trauma. Read our complete article on SBS.

SBS usually happens when babies are shaken in anger. In extreme cases, the abuse involves hitting a child's head against a hard object, like the wall or the floor. When a baby has SBS, even severe injuries may not be immediately visible.

Shaken baby injuries usually happen to children who are younger than a year old, although the syndrome sometimes shows up in kids as old as 5.

A baby with SBS may seem glassy-eyed and appear rigid, lethargic, and irritable. He may also have a decreased appetite, have difficulty feeding, or be vomiting. A combination of any of these symptoms with unexplained bruising in an infant is a strong indicator of abuse.

In severe cases, a baby may be unable to focus on an object or lift her head. Or she may be unconscious or have difficulty breathing. She may also have seizures or be in a coma.

If you suspect your child is suffering from SBS, call 911 right away. Every moment counts in terms of minimizing the damage from a baby's head injury.

A child who has been emotionally abused may:

  • Display behavioral problems or changes such as shunning a parent's affections – or becoming excessively clingy. Abused children often show extremes in behavior: A normally outgoing and assertive child may become unusually passive, while a generally mild child may act in an aggressive manner.
  • Become less talkative or stop communicating almost completely, or display signs of a speech disorder, such as stuttering.
  • Act inappropriately adult or infantile. For example, a child may either become overly protective and "parental" toward other children or revert to behaviors like rocking and head banging.
  • Complain of headaches or stomachaches that have no medical causes. He may lose his appetite.
  • Exhibit fearful behavior, such as nightmares or trouble sleeping. Or he may act as if he's waiting for something bad to happen.

A child who has been sexually abused may:

  • Have pain, itching, bleeding, or bruises in or around the genital area.
  • Have difficulty walking or sitting, possibly because of genital or anal pain.
  • Demonstrate sexual knowledge, curiosity, or behavior beyond his age (obsessive curiosity about sexual matters, for example, or seductive behavior toward peers or adults).
  • Be secretive or want to be alone much of the time.

Keep in mind, though, that most children who are sexually abused have no physical findings or complaints whatsoever.

Signs to watch for in your child's caregiver

No parent wants to think his child's caregiver is abusive or neglectful – especially if the caregiver is a family member. But don't hesitate to act if your child's caregiver:

  • Offers conflicting or unconvincing explanations for bruises or injuries
  • Offers no explanation for bruises or injuries
  • Describes your child in an extremely negative way
  • Constantly belittles your child
  • Seems indifferent to your child
  • Is apathetic or depressed
  • Abuses drugs or alcohol
  • Starts to behave irrationally
  • Is secretive or isolated, or acts extremely jealous or controlling with family members
  • Seems harsh when it comes to discipline. (Abuse often results from excessive or inappropriate physical discipline.)

If you have concerns about the possibility of abuse, don't delay in taking action. The sooner you address the problem, the better for your child.

Read up on what to do if you suspect child abuse.

And if you're concerned that you may be or may become abusive with your child, seek help. Parenting can be difficult and frustrating. Reach out to a friend or relative who can help you take care of your child. Or call a local family support center or community mental health agency.

A crying baby is the most common trigger for shaking or other abuse. Learn 12 reasons babies cry and how to soothe them.

Youre going to be okay: healing from childhood trauma. Katy Pasquariello. [email protected]

Herbal baths treat urinary disorders
How we organize children's holidays

That is why the second pregnancy is much easier

When I was pregnant with my first child and not at work, I did three things: sitting on the couch, eating on the couch, or sleeping. Sure, I had my nausea, my waist, my breath, but my life was fine.

During my second pregnancy, I constantly chased my two-year-old child in the apartment, slept for 24 weeks, and almost never rested. Well, somehow, the second pregnancy was lighter than the first. Why can? I do not think there is a specific answer for him. For sure, there are no two pregnancies and neither is the same pregnant mother. Certainly there will be some, and certainly intelligent, women who will say exactly the opposite of what I am now.I recognize that there are aspects of second pregnancy that are more challenging than the first. The first pregnancy was like a 9 month Garfield comic book. I slept, ate everything, and was irritable. But to be precise, since I found my second pregnancy much easier to bear, I might sum it up:

The firstborn is permanently there

Although we love our children, we have to realize that they are small black holes, they absorb time and energy, and there are few days when we wake up, we do not even know what year we are. In short: a child takes a lot of time that completely distracts from our growing brotherhood. Second pregnancy is extremely difficult and exhausting, but I suspect that there is something good about keeping up with the first one because it helps to neglect things that are also a lot free of energy.

Sometimes you forget about roula

Not first or pregnant, you know what to expect. So much so that you are capable of forgetting that you are pregnant. During the first pregnancy, almost only pregnancy was the only thing that came to my mind. If asked by me, I could tell exactly when I was in the week or even how many days I was pregnant. Secondly, I often forget that I'm generally pregnant.

You know what to count in the living room

Birthing a new mom can sometimes be quite a flattering experience, no matter how prepared the event is. But by the second you know what to count, you remember all the moments that were good and things that were not, so you have a lot easier to do.

You're less concerned about the bans

I have a friend who is so worried about lifting heavy objects that he hasn't taken a cushion from one room to the other. Pбrnбt. But she's not the only woman to be feared and put almost anything on the list of "caution" in life. I was not so shy, but naturally I didn't raise it too hard. And secondly? During the half of my pregnancy, a child of fifteen kilos was constantly sitting in one of my arms.

You don't have to read as much pregnancy related literature

For the first time you read everything anyway. Rather, it reads something that turns off and takes you into the realm of fantasy. You really appreciate that if you buy a book right now, you will not go for the same topic for thousands of thousands.

Less time and money

Once upon a time, you buy a bunch of everything a newborn needs. Fortunately, a significant proportion of these will be well suited for the second child, so not just one you can save less money, but also the invaluable time it takes to get these.

You're out there sooner

Do you know the sensation when you first travel somewhere you have never been before? By the time you are back, you will be more confident and whole as if it were half the time. The same is true with pregnancy. This may also be due to the first person constantly distracting you, and the fact that each new symptom has disappeared a lot less from everyday life. And finally, but not least ...

… You are an "apprentice" mom!

Not only are you going to bring up a fantastic little person, but you are raising one. And that taught me a lot about yourself, your mother, your children, and life in general. Use the knowledge you have gained (VIA)Related articles about Second Child:
  • 5 things you are sure to do with your second child
  • Don't ask when the next baby is coming
  • You're a kid because you're alive!

Quadruples naturally

Quadruples naturally
10 truths about ultrasound

Throughout pregnancy, ultrasound offers you emotional appointments with your future baby. If each time you are at the show, this exam also asks you questions, vehicle rumors ... 10 developments of our specialist.

1. Ultrasound is safe for the fetus

  • The principle of ultrasound is to apply a probe on the skin facing the organ to observe. This probe emits ultrasound, some of which is reflected and recaptured by the probe and then converted into digital signals. Once processed by the system, these signals appear on the screen as black and white images.
  • Within the limits of its usual use, ultrasound is safe. The specialist moves the probe quickly, does not stay long on the same body to study, limiting the risk of exposure and temperature increase, harmful to tissues.

2. This is a relatively reliable technique

  • Ultrasound can not be considered 100% reliable. It's not not a diagnostic test, but a screening. About 2 to 3 out of 10 malformations are not identifiable with this technique. And she often remains unable to highlight the malfunction of certain organs.
  • On the other hand, it provides information on a large number of defects and helps control the baby's development.

1 2 3 4

Learning to share

Species: 3-year-old
Favorite word: "Mine"

our site and Capri Sun present:
Learning to Share


The Hobby Horse Hog
(horsus hoggus)
Sharing strategy: Timed turns.
1 to 2 minutes is good at this age.

The Snack Stockpiler
(genus nom-nom)
Sharing strategy: Set aside a snack for your child to share with a friend (if their grown-up says it's OK).

For me
For you
A blend of all natural fruit juice and water.
All-natural ingredients.
No sugar added.
Not a low-calorie beverage.

Sharing feels good and empowering.

The King of the Castle
(sandboxus dictatorus)
Sharing strategy: Create a community.
Your child will learn that playing together adds to the fun.

Sharing is a skill.
With a little patience, practice, and guidance, your preschooler will get the hang of it.

Presented by our site & Capri Sun

Sesame Street - Learning to Share 1998 Australian VHS

Angelina Jolie, rainbow mother

The news that Angelina Jolie became her mother again made a quick detour to Earth. However, the beautiful brunette is not, as it was heard, pregnant with the child of the guild colleague, Brad Pitt, but adopted a girl from Ethiopia.

The news that Angelina Jolie became her mother again made a quick detour to Earth. However, the beautiful brunette is not, as it was heard, pregnant with the child of the guild colleague, Brad Pitt, but adopted a girl from Ethiopia.
Zahara Marley Jolie - how to be baptized little - is only five months old and is very likely to be infected with HIV, and Angelina found her in the Addis Ababa orphanage. "I am glad we have a new purchase in the family," the actress said. "My son (Maddox, the first adoptive son of the star) is in love with Africa and has been asking for a brother or sister on this continent for some time."
Angelina, aged 30, did not go alone on the African continent.

She was accompanied by Brad Pitt. Even though the two continue to deny an alleged love affair, they are spending more and more time together. Brad, who divorced Jennifer Aniston immediately after being said to have a relationship with Angelina Jolie, was not listed as the baby's adoptive father. The actor is waiting for Jolie to finish the acts and be able to leave together for her residence in England, where the actress has been living for more than two years. The two actors, who came close during the filming of "Mr. And Mrs. Smith", were seen buying children's clothes together from a well-known London store.
A medical sister, an employee of the orphanage, told The Sun: "Zahara looks very much like Angelina. Even the color of her eyes is the same. Jolie told me he would take great care of her." Angelina, who adopted Maddox three years ago from an orphanage in Cambodia, said she would not stop here. "I want to create a rainbow family," the star confessed. "I want to adopt children from different religions, from different cultures and from different countries. I think I have to look for my children all over the world. And I know they are mine even if I didn't give them birth."

Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)

Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)

When the disease was first described in the 19th century, it was called “hay fever ile with a misnomer. Hay fever definition is misnomer. Because only straw doesn't cause this. Later, it was determined that the disease was related to pollen but the term aman hay fever devam continued to be used. In addition to pollen, nutrients (such as peaches, strawberries, snacks, eggs, chocolate, fish), house dust, animal hair, or substances encountered in the occupational environment can also cause allergies. (Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nose.) Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is the state of swelling of the intranasal cover with sneezing and discharge. Every year, many people suffer from allergic rhinitis. Some of them get through very lightly, some are too heavy for others, affect their lives and impair their quality of life.

According to the duration of exposure to allergen and related findings, there are two separate forms, seasonal and year-round. Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs in temperate climates at certain times of the year when allergenic pollen and fungal spores are dispersed in the air, for example tree pollen in early spring, meadow pollen, late spring early summer, grass pollen cause symptoms until frost develops in late summer autumn.

The disease can start at any age but usually begins at a young age (1-20 years). America the rate of 9-21%, is seen in a study by 11.7% in Turkey. Mostly, the family has the same disease. If any of the parents has an allergy, 29% will have an allergy, and if both have an allergy, 47% will have an allergy. Although allergic rhinitis is not a severe disease, it can be extremely uncomfortable; affects sleep, eating and lifestyle; loss of school and labor. Urban life has increased the incidence of allergic diseases. Environmental pollution is thought to play a role in this. In addition, the risk of developing asthma is 4 times higher than people without allergies.
Another substance that causes allergy is molds called. Mold.. Moldlar molds the bread, leads to spoilage of fruits. It is also found in dry leaves, meadows, straw, seeds, other plants and soil. As they are cold resistant, the allergy season is long and their spores are found in the air except when the snow covers the soil. Molds live in plants and soils in the house. It is found in cheese and fermented drinks as well as in damp places such as basements and laundry rooms. The number of houseplants should be reduced to avoid molds.

Nasal congestion in patients with allergic rhinitis, sneezing attacks, watery clear nasal discharge, itching of the nose and eyes (also conjunctivitis-eye inflammation), itching in the palate and larynx, cough, snoring, nasal speech, sensation of fullness in the ear, nausea and headache visible. People with allergic rhinitis may experience sinus infections, hearing loss due to fluid accumulation in the ear, and nasal polyps. The source of allergy-causing pollen is various herbs and trees. Pollen accumulate by sticking to the nose, eyes and throat. If the allergen of a plant or animal enters the body, the immune system reacts to prevent this invasion. Under normal circumstances, this is a useful and natural protection. However, in some people, this reaction is excessive. They are described as allergic. Allergen substances stimulate the body to make antibodies. They then combine with allergen substances to secrete some chemical substances. The best known of these substances is histamine. These chemicals form the findings described above.
In cases where allergy is considered, some allergy testing is mandatory to confirm the diagnosis. These tests are divided into four groups: blood, nasal secretion and skin tests, and intranasal allergen stimulation test.
After the diagnosis of allergy is confirmed, appropriate treatment should be initiated. Treatment can be grouped under 4 separate headings:

1- Stop contact with allergen stimuli,
2- Drug treatment,
3- Hyposensabilization (vaccine treatment)
4- Surgery

To avoid contact with allergen stimuli, it is ideal to choose to live away from where your allergy occurs. Unfortunately this ideal application can rarely be done. However, the following recommendations should be made as much as possible;

1. Wear a pollen mask when cutting grass or cleaning the house.
2. Replace the filters in the heating and ventilation systems monthly or start using an air purifier.
3. Keep doors and windows closed when the pollens are very dense.
4. Do not keep plants and animals at home.
5. Replace feather pillows, woolen blankets and wool covers with cotton or synthetic materials.
6. Use enough antihistamines and decongestants when necessary.
7. Sleep with the head of your bed raised.
8. Follow general health rules.
- Exercise every day.
- Stop smoking and avoid other air pollution.
- Minimize carbohydrates in a balanced diet.
- Add vitamins to your diet (vitamin C)
9. Follow your doctor's advice Use a good room humidifier (steam) in winter. Because dry indoor air causes many allergic people to deteriorate. However, also pay attention to the chance of fungal growth in the humidifier.

Many drugs are used in the treatment of allergy. These include antihistamines, decongestants, chromoline and cortisone drugs. These drugs can be used individually or in combination. The characteristic of drug treatment is that it acts very quickly. Side effects of cortisone sprays used in the nose are extremely low. However, it is beneficial to use these drugs regularly at the lowest dose and effective.
Recommended if complaints persist for more than 2 years despite environmental control and medication. The special feature of this treatment is that patients can offer real improvement, which is the basic desire. This method attempts to change the response mechanism of the immune system. Its effect is slow and only the vaccine is used to improve the substances. Application is done by administering a certain amount of allergen substances to the body. The procedure is carried out under the supervision of an expert. Treatment is carried out for 3-5 years. If adequate recovery is not observed within the first 3 years, treatment is discontinued.
Surgical treatment; more particularly for the treatment of overgrown nasal flesh or polyps. These methods can be used individually or in combination. Even if the most effective treatment method is applied, if the allergen substances are encountered intensively, there is little chance of success.

Dr. More professionals named Bülent Öztürk
Acıbadem Bursa Hospital
Child Health and Diseases Specialist