Riddle: I never learned to write

Riddle: I never learned to write

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The Making of a Yule Log

Shock on the skull that most often causes a big bump. To prevent it from getting fat, press it with ice wrapped in a cloth or plastic. Never put ice in direct contact with the skin, it could freeze.
If the child complains of headaches, vomits, seems a little haggard, watch him carefully. And if his condition worsens, consult as soon as possible.
If he is bleeding from the ears or nose, the trauma is severe and requires urgent consultation.

Pregnancy: What kind of sleeping pose do you recommend?

Folic acid fights against abnormal sperm

A diet rich in folic acid could protect men by helping them produce healthy sperm and could prevent genetic abnormalities.
The researchers found that the diet high in folic acid is linked to the low levels of sperm with the wrong number of chromosomes. Folic acid, which protects against genetic diseases, can be found in green vegetables or fruits.
It is estimated that nearly 4% of a man's healthy sperm has too many or too few chromosomes, a condition called aneuploidy.
Aneuploidy is closely linked to the impossibility to conceive, to pregnancy loss or to syndromes such as Down, Turner and Klinefelter syndrome.
However, the reason why the genes in the sperm undergo mutations is not yet fully understood.
The team of researchers analyzed the sperm monsters of 89 healthy, non-smoking men who were questioned about their daily intake of zinc, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin E and beta carotene.
Folate can come from diet or synthetics, in the form of folic acid, found in dietary supplements.
The researchers found a strong link between folic acid consumption and the low number of chromosomes in aneuploidy.
Those men who consumed between 722 and 1150 micrograms daily showed 20-30% fewer forms of aneuploidy than those who consumed less folic acid.
The researchers say, however, that they have not yet been able to demonstrate the direct impact of folic acid on sperm quality, and investigations are still needed into its cause and effect.
Laura Moise
March 20, 2008

The current of the democratic school maintains that schools must stop being hierarchical and apply democratic principles in their structure and way of working.

To do this, it is encouraged that the participation of both students and teachers will be free and equal in decision-making regarding organization and learning. With this type of education, free and self-motivated learning is encouraged.e will stimulate children's curiosity and interests.

The first democratic schools emerged in the seventeenth century but did not begin to develop and proliferate until the nineteenth century. For many years there have been continuous debates about its effectiveness in terms of content and the personal and professional development of students.

Today the democratic school is one of all the "alternative school" options that we can find. The The objective of this type of school is shared, and it will be to carry out an education different from the conventional one.l where:

- The learning through emotion.

- You learn from experience, not by memorizing.

- They are taught to collaborate and not to compete.

- The rhythms of each child are respected.

- Errors are seen as another part of learning.

- Creativity is not restricted, nor is it stimulated early. It is left be.

- The involvement of families is sought.

- Nature is an important part, as a fundamental space within education.

The democratic school is still a minority option (and not, for that reason, worse) compared to the majority. The characteristics that define it and make it different from the others are the following:

- Play as an important part of learning. In democratic education, spaces are fostered in which free play can take place without being directed. It is the child who will choose what he plays and how much he plays. There will be no restriction. It differs from other more mainstream alternatives in that the latter see this type of free play as a waste of time and defend that the game must have an “explicitly” educational nature.

- A different resume. The preset educational curriculum does not apply. Learning is voluntary and therefore, each one is responsible for their own education. In other words, each child is the one who decides what, when, how and with whom he learns. Thus, according to this educational trend, the exchange of ideas and conversation among students is stimulated, the "older ones" being the tutors of the little ones, so that they find their own interests.

- It is not graded. As there is no curriculum, there is no qualifying evaluation. It will be very difficult to grade the child based on the achievements that he acquires since they only take the tests that the state requires.

- Regarding the punishments. In this type of school there are punishments and sanctions. It is the figure of the mediator who appears to listen to both parties to try to reach a consensual solution. If this is not possible, an assembly will be created that concludes who has acted incorrectly and imposes the punishment.

- The figure of the teacher. The image of the authoritative teacher who knows what is good and bad for students is left behind. The teacher must treat the child as an equal. Accompany the child leaving the maximum of freedom giving him the necessary security so that the child can manage that freedom.

You can read more articles similar to What is the democratic school, in the School / College category on site.

Spasticity, which is seen in 12 million people around the world, is also frequently seen in our country. Spasticity, which becomes more difficult to treat when late German Hospital Neurosurgery Specialist Contact Salih directly aksine Contrary to popular belief in society, not every spastic child has mental retardation. However, in some cases learning disabilities, mental retardation, referral, vision and hearing problems may accompany the disease. ”

: What is Spasticity?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: Spasticity is the increase in the consistency of the muscles due to damage to the brain or spinal cord. As a result, the patient's mobility is limited and painful spasms occur.

: How does this damage occur?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: Electrical stimuli that enable the movement of the muscles originate from the brain's motor field. These electrical impulses reach the muscles through the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Spasticity is a symptom of central nervous system damage.

Diseases causing spasticity:
Spinal cord diseases (traumatic injuries, tumors, hereditary diseases)
• Serbral palsy
• Multiple sclerosis
• Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
• Traumatic brain injury, brain tumors, brain abscesses and infections
• Prolonged oxygen deficiency of the brain
• Paralysis caused by bleeding or clots.

: Does a spastic child have a mental problem?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: Contrary to popular belief, not every spastic child has mental retardation. However, in some cases learning disabilities, mental retardation, referral, vision and hearing problems may accompany the disease. A hyperactive holding reflex causes the baby's hands to form a well-clenched fist. As the baby grows, the arms and legs become more spastic and solid. The disease may involve both arms and both legs. If this is the case, there is usually some degree of intelligence delay. Convulsions are common. If the disease involves all arms and legs, but the arms are affected to a lesser degree, this is known as diplegia (bilateral paralysis). It can also be seen that children with diplegia use their hands quite well. Intelligence levels are usually normal or close to normal, but they may face some difficulties in learning to draw and write letters. One third of all children with cerebral palsy suffer from spastic hemiplegia (paralysis, half paralysis). Although children with spastic hemiplegia usually have a level of intelligence that falls into the sub-normal group, some children in this situation may have moderate or even higher levels of intelligence.

: How often is it seen?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: The incidence of spasticity is unknown. However, it is estimated that there are over half a million patients in the United States and over 12 million in the world.

: What are the considerations in early diagnosis?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç:
• Delay in sitting, crawling or walking according to peers
• Muscles too hard or too loose
• Low mobility according to peers
• Muscle weakness and insufficient muscle control
• Presence of reflexes that should not be present
• Difficulty in maintaining balance
• Suction and swallowing problems

: How is the treatment applied?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: Treatment of spasticity requires a multidisciplinary approach. The follow-up of a child with spasticity is carried out jointly by many branches such as pediatrician, pediatric neurologist, physiotherapist, pediatric development specialist, psychologist, speech therapist, neurosurgeon and orthopedist. Spasticity should be treated if it disrupts daily functions, positioning, self-care activities, and painful spasms disturb the patient. Treatment approaches in spasticity treatment include physical therapy, pharmacological treatment (local or systemic) and surgical treatment.

: What does intrathecal baclofen pump mean?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: An intrathecal baclofen pump is a battery-operated device that mediates the administration of the desired dose of baclofen muscle relaxant to the cerebrospinal fluid in the desired dose and for a long term. It is a very effective treatment method especially in patients with severe spasticity who do not benefit from oral baclofen and other drugs or cannot tolerate side effects.
With intrathecal baclofen pump application, spasm, pain regresses, mobility increases, speech, sleep quality, and urinary functions improve.
Intrathecal baclofen pump is thought to be given to the patient and baclofen is given in test dose by lumbar puncture. Methods can be applied to positive responders.
The pump is placed on the abdominal wall. The catheter at the end of the pump is advanced from the lumbar region to the region of the cerebrospinal fluid. The reservoir of the pump is filled with baclofen every 4-12 weeks depending on the drug dose. The battery life of the pump is approximately 5 years.

: What is the importance of physiotherapy before and after surgery?
Dr. Salih Bilgiç: The main principle of treatment is to soften the solid consistency of the patient and improve the quality of life of the patient before deformities due to spasticity develop. Especially in the period of 0-3 years under the supervision of a specialist in the correct treatment of children who have successfully applied to the surgical treatment of the success rate is increasing. The sooner the physical therapy process starts, the sooner the child regains its health. Although posture is prevented, spasticity can still occur in these children. In this respect, surgical intervention may be needed. However, surgical treatment is more successful because spasticity decreases. After the operation, the physiotherapist has big duties. Physiotherapist who is trying to solve preoperative spasticity should have a different treatment since postoperative spasticity is eliminated. Active resistance movements should be applied to the child during this period.

Hopscotch. Games for kids