Immunizations for children: What you need to know

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Formulations, artificial nutrition

If the mother is really low on milk, it is necessary to cook, artificial diets. We try to breastfeed for as long as possible and give only an artificial diet.

Formulations, artificial nutrition

If the mother is running out of milk, or if she hasn't even started milk production, she's definitely in need of nutrition. When it comes to what kind of nutrition to give your baby, we should discuss it with our guardian, our pediatrician.

Generally about diet

The basis of modern baby formula is a cow's milk that is transformedto make it look more like breast milk. These diets must meet the standards of health and serve a complete diet, as well as the first few months of life. An additional requirement of formula is that cooking in boiling water is not necessary. Baby formulas also contain vitamins and iron. We need to discuss with the nurse, our doctor, how the chosen formula affects our baby's vitamin D requirements. Most powder formulations mix easily with boiling hot water, and it is good to shake the glass. When formulating formulas, strict adherence to the utasнtбst. It is very important to keep the cleanliness and nutrition properly. The newborn - especially if you do not get breast milk - cannot properly protect against even the most common moles. It will take time for you to resist them. Milk - especially if it is room temperature - is an ideal medium for bacteria. Even though a few bacteria that have been sucked from the finger are depleted of the baby's body, so many bacteria are left in the body when left in a warm room that they cannot fight them.

The following rules should be followed carefully for your baby:

  • Wash hands thoroughly before handling formula or glass.
  • Use sterile nutrition and keep the container tightly closed at all times.
  • Let's sterilize everything, what you need to prepare the formula: a spoonful, a beaker, and so on.
  • Sterilize glasses, pacifiers and pacifiers.
  • Cool the formula quickly after preparation.
  • Keep cold until the baby starts feeding. Only start warming when your baby is awake, never store milk in an electric glass heater.
  • Always give out the milk your baby leaves. Do not put half of the remaining formula in half the glass, but rather pour it out.
  • If the parent adheres exactly to the instructions on the nutrition label, he will receive a liquid similar to breast milk. This way, your baby will get the right amount and quality of food.
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    How much weight should be gained during pregnancy?

    You need to gain enough weight during pregnancy. Excess weight brings along with other health problems. Acıbadem Hospital Bakırköy Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Prof.Dr. Contact Rıza directly hypertension, pregnancy diabetes may develop in case of too much weight gain, saying the mother expects.

    : Can you tell us about the changes that enable women to gain weight during pregnancy?
    Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly At the first checkup of the pregnant woman, we look at her weight, blood pressure, and neck. General examination, blood and urine tests are performed. Urine is searched for sugar and protein. Thus, problems with diabetes and kidney disease are identified. The recommended weight gain is 12 kg during pregnancy. Weight gain per month for 24 weeks is 1.5 kg per month in the last 16 weeks. During pregnancy many changes occur in the woman's body. The reasons for this weight gain can be listed as follows. 3500 grams is the weight of the fetus. The weight of the breasts increases by 500 grams. Blood volume increases by 1800-2000 grams. Plesanta and amniotic fluid increases by 1000 grams. The remaining weight is the fluid and adipose tissue in the tissue range. These allow you to gain weight

    : What are the negative effects of overweight gain? Is the regime offered to the expectant mother?
    Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly Excessive weight of the pregnant woman may bring along other health problems. Hypertension, pregnancy diabetes may develop. Weight gain makes both normal birth and cesarean section difficult. May pave the way for various complications. Normal pregnancy cramps are more common in pregnant women who gain more weight. If there is no problem caused by the disease, we do not recommend diet to the expectant mother. However, in case of pregnancy diabetes or hypertension, we recommend a special diet. In hypertension, we limit salt and salty foods. In pregnancy diabetes, we limit sugar, sweet foods and carbohydrates.

    : Which forms of treatment are applied to women who cannot develop healthy baby despite gaining enough weight during pregnancy?
    Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly If a developmental disorder is detected in the baby despite the fact that she gained enough weight during the follow-up of the pregnant woman, first of all, it should be understood whether there is a problem in the baby. The baby should be seen by a perinatologist. Treatment should be done for cause. If the baby does not have a problem, the mother should be investigated for systemic diseases. It should be determined that the mother does not have diabetes or poisoning. If the baby has developmental delay, it should be removed by cesarean section when it becomes viable. In this way, the baby can complete the development outside.

    : What should be the ideal diet during pregnancy?
    Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly We describe the ideal diet during pregnancy as a balanced diet. Adopting a healthy diet causes fewer problems during pregnancy. The mother's only food source during pregnancy is the baby. Therefore, it should be taken regularly from various food groups. Protein requirement increases during pregnancy. Mothers, fish, meat, milk and dairy products, legumes should eat regularly. In order for the baby's bone and tooth structure to be healthy, it is necessary to take twice as much calcium as is normally taken during pregnancy. Calcium requirement is provided by milk, yoghurt, cheese and green leafy vegetables. Taking fiber foods will prevent constipation which is common during pregnancy. Folic acid intake during the first period of pregnancy is of great importance. Folic acid is rich in green vegetables. Apart from these, we recommend that plenty of fluids be taken during pregnancy, salt should be consumed less, and beverages containing caffeine such as tea and coffee should be consumed less. No alcohol. The various studies carried out in Turkey anemia caused by iron deficiency in two-thirds of pregnant women (anemia) is seen. Therefore, it is important to determine whether iron deficiency is present in pregnant women.

    : There are some established beliefs among the people. For example, the mother's drinking of milk makes the baby milk, as if swelling the feet of salty foods. What is their accuracy? Can you add other examples?
    Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly These are absolutely wrong. Drinking milk is important for calcium intake. But if you take too much milk, cramps will increase. There is phosphorus in the milk. Excess milk intake causes cramps. Salt has no direct relation to edema in the legs during pregnancy. Edema develops due to the increase in weight during pregnancy. Or problems such as pregnancy poisoning. In addition to this, it is also common that women can be sexually asserted by diet. There is no relationship between nutrition and gender determination.


    Dianne (Bette Midler) and Artie (Billy Crystal) have become estranged from their only daughter, Alice (Marissa Tomei), and their three grandchildren, Harper (Bailee Madison), Turner (Joshua Rush) and Barker (Kyle Harrison Breitkopf). Alice and her husband, Phil (Tom Everett Scott), have very different views about parenting from their own parents. In fact, they keep their parents away from their family to stop them having an influence on the children. But a difficult situation comes up when both Alice and Phil must go away for work. Although they don't want Dianne and Artie to look after their children, Alice and Phil must ask for Dianne and Artie's help.

    Dianne is determined to make a good impression. But Dianne and Artie's relaxed style of parenting predictably causes chaos.


    Parenting styles; family conflict


    This movie has some violence. For example:

    • Barker gets really angry with Artie for mixing up his food. He calls him evil Artie.
    • Barker pulls his mother and tries to drag her away from the car.
    • Ivan, a school bully, spits on Turner.
    • The children have a fight with ice-cream cake.
    • Ivan hits Artie in the crotch with a baseball bat.
    • Artie vomits over Ivan.
    • A skateboarder crashes on the halfpipe after Barker wees on it.
    • Artie tells Turner to stand up for himself against the school bullies. Turner comes home with a black eye after hitting one of the bullies who then turns on him.
    • Harper has a very demanding violin coach who is quite nasty to her. Dianne threatens the coach with physical violence if she ever talks to Harper like that again.

    Content that may disturb children

    Under 5

    In addition to the violent scenes mentioned above, this movie has some scenes that could scare or disturb children under five years. For example:

    • Barker has an imaginary friend called Carl, a kangaroo. Barker runs onto the road and narrowly misses being hit by a car. But he believes Carl has been hit and is dead. The family go along with this and bury the imaginary Carl in a box in the garden.
    • Artie and Turner are watching Saw on TV and are both scared by something they see on the screen.

    From 5-8

    In addition to the violent scenes and scary visual images mentioned above, this movie has some scenes that could scare or disturb children in this age group. For example, Artie takes Barker to a public toilet. It's disgusting and has homeless people living inside.

    From 8-13

    Nothing of concern

    Over 13

    Nothing of concern

    Sexual references

    This movie has some sexual references. For example:

    • Artie comes home to find women learning to pole dance in his lounge room.
    • There is some mild sexual innuendo between Phil and Alice.

    Alcohol, drugs and other substances

    This movie shows some use of substances. For example:

    • Characters drink at various places and at home.
    • Dianne lets it slip to Harper that she used to smoke.

    Nudity and sexual activity

    None of concern

    Product placement

    The following products are displayed or used in this movie: Cheerios and XGames.

    Coarse language

    This movie has some coarse language.

    Ideas to discuss with your children

    Parental Guidance is a family comedy with some crude humour and violence - including bullying - that children might copy. It also shows some careless parenting by the grandparents. It is therefore more suited to older children and adults.

    The main messages from this movie are that family is important and you should accept differences of opinion.

    Values in this movie that you could reinforce with your children include the fun and simplicity of childhood. It should be a time when children enjoy simple pleasures rather than learning how to be adults.

    This movie could also give you the chance to talk with your children about real-life issues related to Artie and Dianne's parenting style. For example, they:

    • give the children toy water pistols when their parents don't let them play with guns
    • let Turner watch an adult movie
    • let Harper dress up like a teenager and put on make-up to go to a party her parents would not have let her go to.

    Should Artie and Dianne have shown more respect for their daughter's values?

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    In their book "Learning differently with positive pedagogy" Audrey Akoun and Isabelle Pailleau propose to parents to experiment with their child a new way of learning: mind-mapping.

    What is mind-mapping?

    • It is a tool for representing information spatially, visually, colored on a sheet. For example, a lesson written from top to bottom and from right to left on a sheet of your child's notebook will be represented by a kind of card, with the main question at the center (eg what is a mapping?) and around as branches that correspond to the different important points to remember.
    • In other words, to understand and remember what the mind-mapping, we would draw at least 4 branches bearing the different questions that we ask on this topic: what is it? to do what ? what are the advantages ? when can we use it?

    Why use mind-mapping?

    • The interest of this card (or mind-map) is that you can co-build it with your child. You draw the map, ask the questions and answer him by drawing the branches and coloring them. Being active because it answers your questions, and draws the answers in color. He also learns to learn.

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    Excessive perspiration after birth