The magical power of playing with children

The magical power of playing with children

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What should we not drink during breastfeeding?

Apelas: origin and meaning of the name for girl Apelas

Apelas: origin and meaning of the name for girl Apelas

Our name finder has thousands of baby names to help you choose a beautiful name for your baby. You will find in this article everything about the name You appeal.

Greek painter who rubbed shoulders in the courts of Philip and Alexander the Great.

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April 22.


  • Aphtonius of Antioch, Greek rhetorician and fabulist of the 3rd century.

Drawing of the name Apelas coloring page printable game

Appellas: pictures of the names coloring page printable game

Drawing of the name Apelas coloring page printable game

Drawing with the name Apelas coloring page printable game

Drawings of names. Name Appellas to paint, color and print

Nice Guy Vs. Alpha Male

The reason why some babies have cavities

The reason why some babies have cavities

"My son has inherited my mouth, that's why he has cavities" The false belief that cavities are inherited is widely present in a large percentage of parents who come to the consultation, which can trigger a inevitable thought of "nothing could be done." Therefore, I ask you, can a child inherit tooth decay if when he is born he has no teeth?

The answer is no. because tooth decay is a infectious disease and transmissible produced by the acids generated by the bacteria found in our saliva. Many risk factors that contribute to its development are involved in its appearance. Among them, bacterial transmission. I explain why some babies have cavities.

Babies are born without the bacteria responsible for tooth decay. These microorganisms begin to colonize the baby's mouth shortly after birth. Children acquire them by direct drive through the saliva of their mothers, fathers and / or caregivers. But how?

Every mother or father, consciously or unconsciously, has directly blown or tasted their baby's food using the same spoon. Or even cleaned your child's pacifier with his own saliva (Here I want to clarify that the popular belief that mothers' saliva helps boost the newborn's immune system, or even reduces the risk of allergies, asthma or eczema, is not true).

The presence of the bacteria that cause tooth decay in your children's saliva will not directly imply the appearance of cavities. Remember, tooth decay is a multifactorial disease, that is, produced by a set of factors (diet, brushing, bacteria, fluoride, host, environmental factors, etc.), therefore thinking that its appearance is due to a single factor is not correct.

What has been shown in numerous studies is that:

- While more precocious colonization (especially in children under 12 months), the more influential is bacterial transmission and therefore, the greater the risk of tooth decay.

- That mothers who present previous histories of cavities necessarily implies that they are more likely to have higher levels of bacteria causative agents in their saliva, increasing the risk that their children will be infected earlier.

- In addition, if these antecedents of caries in the mother are linked to the fact that they present active caries, poor oral hygiene, cariogenic diet, etc., during pregnancy and after childbirth; the risk of cavities in the baby by bacterial transmission it is even more important because the virulence of the bacteria is higher.

- The mother is advised to perform routine dental visits During pregnancy. The professional will determine the level of caries risk and establish effective preventive measures to reduce the levels of bacteria in saliva in order to improve the mother's oral health.

- Do not share utensils with the baby (spoons, toothbrushes, etc.) especially during the first two years of life. Do not clean the baby's pacifier with your saliva when it gets dirty.

- Parents, siblings and / or caregivers must also contribute to decrease risk of bacterial transmission.

- The establishment of other appropriate preventive measures are of vital importance: reducing sugars to a minimum as well as delaying their introduction to babies as much as possible (never before two years of age), establishing constant and effective tooth brushing habits with a fluoride paste of 1000 ppm of fluoride, early visits to the Pediatric Dentist (during the first year of life) that will help prevent, not cure, cavities in children.

In short, the only thing our children can inherit are our customs and habits, and if these are healthy and aimed at achieving good oral health, we will further reduce cavities in the child population, thereby helping to create healthy mouths in adulthood.

You can read more articles similar to The reason why some babies have cavities, in the On-Site Dental Care category.

Vitamin D deficiency in babies

Vitamin D is extremely important in the development and growth of the baby's bones and is the one that helps calcium to be absorbed into the body. Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets and increases the risk of osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease or diabetes at maturity. The recommended daily dose is harder to give to infants under 6 months, who cannot consume solid foods and cannot be exposed to much sun.

What are the risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in infants?

The main source through which the vitamin activates in the body is sun exposure. But in the case of the baby it is quite difficult and contraindicated to expose it very much to its harmful rays ... Moreover, if the baby is born in winter, a rather dark season and with few sun appearances, the little ones cannot be exposed to the rays and even if they are, they have covered skin and vitamin D cannot be activated properly.

Another important source is nutrition. However, infants under 6 months of age cannot be nourished with solid foods, let alone with some of those that are high in vitamin D (fish, cow's milk, etc.).

The breastfed baby is more prone to vitamin D deficiency than the one who is fed powdered milk. Breast milk does not contain sufficient amounts of this vitamin, especially if the mother suffers from deficiencies in this regard. If the baby is fed with the bottle is more likely to receive a slightly higher dose, even if not enough.

Also, premature babies, exposure to lead in pregnancy and babies after birth and vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women are risk factors for its deficiency in infants.


How do you make sure your baby gets enough vitamin D?

According to doctors, the recommended daily dose of vitamin D is the same, both in infants and older children or adults, and ranges between 200 and 400 IU per day.

Specialists claim that every baby should receive vitamin D supplements (400 IU) within a few days of birth, especially if breastfed. In most cases, this recommendation is made to parents, but it is not a mandatory measure.

Vitamin D supplements remain the best form of providing the recommended daily dose of vitamin D and compensating for the deficit in infants. Supplements are in the form of drops, which can be mixed with milk.

At the age of 1 year, the baby can consume cow's milk, fortified with vitamin D, and the administration of supplements can be reduced gradually, as the diet is diversified and the baby grows. Older children can consume eggs, fortified orange juice, cheese, mushrooms or fish, other important sources of vitamin D.

What Are The Symptoms Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Babies And What Complications Can Occur?

There are some signs that this deficiency in babies is void, the main symptom being rickets (deformed bones).

Vitamin D helps the baby's body absorb calcium, an essential nutrient in the normal development of bones and teeth. Its deficiency affects the way the bone system grows and develops. The bones of a child with rickets are fragile, fail to sustain properly the weight of the body and cause the appearance of cracks or frequent fractures.

Another risk of vitamin D deficiency in infants is neonatal hypocalcemia, ie the absence of calcium in the blood of newborns, which has severe repercussions on the development of the bone system and the teeth, as well as the strengthening of the scalp and the closure of the fontanelles.

Other symptoms include delays in motor development, muscle weakness, pain and muscle spasms or fractures. The baby may have difficulty breathing and even convulsions.

Other complications that may occur due to growth retardation and poorly developed bone system are cancer, diabetes, but also cardiovascular problems - cardiomyopathy, but it occurs in severe and very rare cases).

Tags Baby Vitamin D Baby Vitamins

When a couple dreams of being parents but they cannot or are having difficulties in doing so, a situation of great stress and suffering occurs for both. As time goes by, the circumstances become much more complicated, since the years have a direct impact on both the quality of the sperm and the ovarian reserve and the quality of the eggs. Empathizing with them is the most important thing. To avoid unfortunate situations, we leave you some advice on comments that don't tell a couple with fertility problems.

In those moments, feeling the support of those closest to you is essential. However, it is very important to know how to express it in the best possible way, as it is a very delicate situation and any inappropriate comment, even though it is raised with the best of intentions, can produce truly distressing situations for the couple.

1. Don't minimize the problem
The fact of not being able to have children causes the emotional state of the couple to affect many aspects of their life and that they dedicate themselves to thinking about it for longer than normal. For this reason, it is necessary to dedicate due importance to it, instead of making comments such as 'It is not such a serious problem' or 'Having children is not such a big deal'.

2. Don't insist that they have to calm down
It is true that being in a state of high stress can influence the conception of a baby, although it is not a determining factor. Likewise, comment and stress that tranquility will help them have children with phrases such as 'As soon as you relax you will get pregnant' or 'Surely if you go on vacation you will stay calmer and you will achieve pregnancy', it will create a greater tendency to nervousness, due to this added pressure. This can imply that it is the person's own responsibility to be nervous and, as a consequence, that the situation is beyond their own control, when it is not.

3. Avoid comparisons
For example, making comments like 'My neighbor managed to have a child after two years of trying'. Each person lives their own process and the way to deal with it is different for each couple. In addition, it can lead them to think that everyone can achieve the dream of being a parent except for them and that, in turn, it increases the feeling of helplessness and low self-esteem.

4. Avoid the issue of adoption or other possible alternatives
Despite being a possible solution to an infertility problem, encouraging them to adopt can cause a feeling of hopelessness. Also, they may not have raised it yet, it may be an uncomfortable topic for them, or there may be certain personal impediments.

5. Don't use the excuse of already having a child as consolation
Despite having already reached fatherhood with a first child, the fact of suffering a case of infertility is just as painful. On the other hand, it may be reason enough for them to feel even more guilty about the situation, believing that their firstborn is not enough for them.

6. Do not convince them that without children you live better
When people make the decision to become parents, it means that they have previously weighed the advantages and disadvantages of having children and are aware of all that that entails. For this reason, comments such as 'Without children it is better', is not something that helps them. In addition, it is possible that, in this way, they are also being hinted that they are making a great deal of effort in vain.

7. Not implying that 'it happened because the time is not right'
If the couple decides to have children at that time, it is because they consider that it is the best for them. The fact of not being able to directly control when to have children can produce a state of uncertainty and lack of control of the situation, which in turn generates constant stress on the couple.

Putting yourself in the shoes of the people who are suffering and trying to encourage them is difficult. It is very important to let them know that their environment really cares about the situation they are going through. The most important thing is to ask them how they feel and actively listen to them without judging them.

Also, it is essential to let them know that both family and friends are at their disposal for everything they need, especially if they want to talk or share their feelings. Surely, those affected think that they are boring and burdensome for always talking about the same topic or that their mood demotivates others.

They must be made to notice that this is not the case and that everyone around them is willing to dedicate time to them whenever they need it. In this sense, some advice that can be given to the infertile couple are:

- Do not isolate yourself and continue leading a normal life, but avoiding at the same time exposing oneself to situations that produce pain or that continuously reflect that lack, such as avoiding spending the afternoon in a playground with the children of their friends.

- Talk to people who have gone through the same thing as themIt will help them to feel understood by someone who has already experienced this situation. In general, sharing perceptions and feelings with these people is much more comforting for those who suffer.

Text: Dra. Rosa Flores, DUE and Psychologist at the Ginefiv Clinic

You can read more articles similar to What not to say to a couple with fertility problems, in the category of On-site fertility problems.

5 Things NOT to Say to Couples Trying to Conceive. Our TTC Journey. Beth and Jamarl

Patau Syndrome: Fat and Symptoms

Patau Syndrome: Fat and Symptoms

Patau syndrome is a rare, chromosomal disorder with life-threatening mental retardation and cumulative developmental abnormalities.

Patau Syndrome: Fat and Symptoms

The Patau syndrome was first observed in 1657 Thomas Bartholin, but the disease is chromosomal in nature dr. Klaus Patau It was found in 1960. In the case of the abnormality called Tris 13, some pieces of chromosome 13, or the whole chromosome itself, are present in one or more cases in the fetal cells. It is also possible that the excess chromosome or chromosome fragment is linked to another chromosome. In rare cases, Tris 13 is not found in all bodily cells but only in a subset of cells. In this case, you have mosaic-like disease. Patau syndrome is, in most cases, a non-communicable disease: the result of an abnormal cell division in an egg or a hormone. However, as the mother ages, the risk of the fetus being born with this disorder increases. The Patau syndrome lack of screening tests occurs every thousandth of a pregnancy.For only 1% of affected fetuses, about 50% will be born within one month and nearly 100% will die within one year.


Infants with Patau's often do not grow properly in the womb, so they have a low birth weight. In fetal life, the brain, the spinal cord, the kidneys and the heart can be severely affected. 80% of babies come to the world with some form of cardiovascular disorder. Blood, deafness, epilepsy and mental retardation can be a serious manifestation of the disease. Common disorders of the genitals and the urinary system are also common. fьlek. The scalp may be missing on the head. A typical symptom is the extra fingers on the hands and toes, and the second and third toes. Children with Patau syndrome typically have a loose muscle tone.

Diagnosis, treatment

Whenever the Patau Cure arises, the Newborn's heart should be examined for possible cardiac abnormalities. Internal organs can be abnormally screened by X-rays or ultrasound. Because Patau syndrome is characterized by the fact that the brains do not develop properly, you may also need a CT or MRI scan. Patau syndrome incurable disorder, the treatment of the child is always determined by the individual condition of the child. Following childbirth, surgical intervention may be required due to heart failure, lip fractures and warts.


In the prevention of Patau syndrome, only the genetic screening tests can be a focal point for parents.A combined test a pregnancy 11-14. week. During the first genetic ultrasound, the thickness of the lumbar spine is also measured and the presence of the nasal bone is examined. It also measures two hormone concentrations (free β-hCG, PAPP-A) in maternal serum. Risk assessment for combination of ultrasound and blood test.Filtering efficiency of combined test: 85-93% If there is a suspicion of disease, it is due to the presence of urine / fetal acid. The purpose of the sampling is to obtain fetal cells for chromosomal examination. This test, which takes samples from the abdomen or amniotic fluid across the abdominal wall, is shown in Figures 12-20. Unlike traditional combined tests, fetal DNA testing (NIPT non-invasive) may be performed on the maternal serum before the ninth week of pregnancy. These state-of-the-art screening tests can detect fetal chromosome aberrations, including Patau syndrome, in a single maternal blood test, and can be up to 99% sensitive.You know!If a couple have had a child or fetus with Patau syndrome and want a new baby, then genetic counseling is worthwhile. Patu's is usually not hereditary, but in some cases it can happen. In these cases, chromosome translocation may also be detected in the affected child or fetus. In these cases, the parents' genetic test was also recommended to clarify the likelihood of the next pregnancy occurring in the next pregnancy. Edited by Anna Kékesi Genetic Biologist.
  • What is a combined test?
  • Chromosome aberrations: filter, filter, filter
  • Fetal abnormality screening: to expect the baby
  • Zurli will be waiting for you with an original performance in the Zurli style: "Pinocchio".

    Pinocchio is an adaptation in the Zurli style of the beloved story, full of many, many adventures. Thus, Pinocchio is not a liar, he just does not tell the truth and is left far too easily fooled by the honeyed words of the fox and the jerk.

    Energy, good mood, education and a lot of color in this show where the conflict arises from the first replies. But all is well when it ends well.

    The children leave the show understanding that we have to tell the truth because the lie complicates things and we get worse and worse.

    Duration of the show - 40 minutes;

    Adaptation - Mirela Retegan;

    Scenic movement - Nadejda Dumitriu.

    Reservations by phone: 0728.295.872 or e-mail: [email protected]

    Ticket price: 15 lei / adult and 10 lei / child

    Book your seats early to enjoy free parking.

    Upon entering the car park you will find your name on the reservation list.

    The restaurant prepares special menus for children. You can serve breakfast and lunch in an offer that we hope will be to your liking.

    Zurli is waiting for you all with love and super energy!

    Tags Children's events Children's shows Children's theater