How I take notes - Tips for neat and efficient note taking. Studytee

How I take notes - Tips for neat and efficient note taking. Studytee

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Travel by Air and Radiation The average flight height of aircraft is 30,000 feet, ie 10,000 meters. The aircraft cabin does not have the ability to protect passengers from cosmic radiation. Anadolu Medical Center Radiation Oncology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Metin Güden emphasizes that passengers are affected by both cosmic radiation and radiation emitted by the sun while flying, and this effect depends on several factors such as flight times, altitude, flight routes and sun activity.Flight times: The longer they fly, the more radiation they get. Height: The higher they fly, the more radiation they are exposed to.Flight routes: Those flying at the same height and at the same time in the equatorial region are affected by less radiation than flying near the poles. Activity of the Sun: The activity of the sun is constantly changing. The ratio of radiation that affects passengers between two flights made at the same route and the same height at the same time is different depending on the activity of the sun.Assoc. Dr. Metin Güden explains that the radiation received during pregnancy causes negative effects on the child under three headings. stillbirths and miscarriages. They usually occur when they are affected by radiation during the first trimester of pregnancy. The second is that the baby has organ anamolysis. This usually occurs when they are affected by radiation during the second trimester of pregnancy. The third is mental retardation and developmental disability. Radiation received during the last three months does not cause stillbirth or organ anomaly, but mental retardation and developmental disorder may occur. Dr. Metin Güden explains that under normal human natural living conditions, he receives 1.4 - 2.7 mSv radiation per year and, although not a standard, the acceptable dose for a pregnant woman to take an extra year is 1mSv. For example; If a person travels seven times at 10,000 meters between New York and Athens, he receives a total dose of 1 mSv of additional radiation. According to this; If a woman travels between continents with at least seven trips during pregnancy within one year, she may remain within acceptable limits. As is known, high-energy rays form free radicals in the body. Antioxidants are the way to prevent the harmful effect of these free radicals. These antioxidants are very high in green vegetables and fruits. There are also preparations prepared in tablet form. By using them, it is possible to significantly reduce the harm to the body from the harmful rays of radiation. This solution applies to all people, not just pregnant women. It is also possible to avoid night-time radiation and to reduce the radiation exposure by choosing night flights.
Taxes to reduce childhood obesity

Taking care of eating habits from the earliest childhood is one of the solutions to reduce obesity among the population. The increase in the rate of obesity and diabetes in ever younger ages has raised all health alarms and it seems that all prevention measures are few when it comes to health, especially when it comes to children's health.

Thanks to this healthy culinary concern, in many schools nutrition guidelines are already taught in the classroom, workshops are held in school canteens on the importance of a good breakfast and children are shown the benefits of a healthy and balanced diet where a A good amount of fruits and vegetables should take precedence over the intake of fats and sugars.

But training children in good eating habits is not the only thing that can be done. Other initiatives have gone further. Thus, for example, I remember the prohibition of the consumption of industrial pastries that do not meet healthy objectives in Spanish schools or the intention to prohibit gifts in schools. packs children's food from some hamburger establishments to prevent children from associating this type of food with the gift.

In favor of health and to minimize the risk of cardiovascular disease associated with obesity, the latest has been to tax junk food with higher taxes as a supposed solution against its consumption, since medical studies from around the world have proven that the excess of calories from this junk food is related to the increase in obesity and overweight in the world.

This initiative to consider junk food as unhealthy as tobacco, which must be taxed so that the population renounces its consumption, started from the United States, specifically from a law of the city of San Francisco and now Denmark has been the first European country that has taken up this initiative.

The Nordic country has been the first in the world to introduce a tax on foods high in saturated fat, one of the most harmful to health as it causes diseases such as obesity or diabetes. Products that contain more than 2.3 percent saturated fat such as butter, cheese, pizza, meat, and processed foods (cookies or cakes) are taxed.

For example, each kilo of butter has increased by more than one euro. The Danish government's goal is to achieve a 10 percent reduction in the number of obese people. The authorities hope that premature deaths in the country caused by cardiovascular diseases will be reduced.

However, there are other products as harmful to health as saturated fats, which are salt, sugar and refined carbohydrates, which of course make you fat. The issue is generating all kinds of opinions and the question is: will this be the solution?

For families, the most successful thing for your pocket would be that at the same time that you decide to raise the VAT on junk food, healthy food would decrease by the same percentage, which would benefit many in the expenses of the shopping basket or that the junk food tax is limited to establishments.

You can read more articles similar to Taxes to reduce childhood obesity, in the Obesity category on site.

Physician groups call for taxes and regulations on kids access to sugary drinks

Registered nurse (RN)

Registered nurses (RNs) are trained at university and are licensed to practise in Australia. They work in the community, hospitals and rehabilitation units. They might also specialise in areas like child and family health, continence and emergency medicine.

For example, you and your child will probably see a child and family health nurse when you go for your child's development checks at your local child and family health centre. Along with your GP, your child and family health nurse is a good starting point for any worries you have about your child's health or development, breastfeeding and bottle-feeding, or your own wellbeing.

Some children might need to see a continence nurse. Continence nurses are RNs who specialise in preventing, treating and managing problems with controlling wees and poos. They can give you advice on toilet training programs and continence equipment and products.

RNs also work in outpatient clinics (for example, an orthopaedic clinic if your child has had a broken arm), GP clinics, hospital wards (for example, paediatric or neonatal wards), rehabilitation units, schools and community centres.

Enrolled nurse (EN)

Enrolled nurses (ENs) provide nursing care under the supervision of an RN. ENs have a diploma-level qualification, which isn't as high as a university degree.

Nurse practitioner

Nurse practitioners are RNs with special training and skills that enable them to work in an advanced clinical role. Nurse practitioners can either have general skills or specialise in an area of nursing - for example, paediatrics. You'll probably see a nurse practitioner if you have to go to a hospital emergency department with your child.

A nurse practitioner is qualified to take your child's history, examine your child and handle any diagnostic tests your child might need. Nurse practitioners can send you to other health care providers - for example, medical specialists or physiotherapists - and prescribe medications as needed. They work in hospitals and the community.

Practice nurse

Practice nurses are RNs or ENs who work in general practices - that is, your local doctor's surgery. They work with GPs to give you health and lifestyle education, wound care, health assessments, specialist referrals and immunisations.

School nurse

A primary school nurse is an RN who does general health checks for children aged 5-12 years. These checks help to identify and manage any early health concerns. Primary school nurses might also do vision screening, hearing tests, immunisations, education on preventing accidents and injuries, and asthma management.

Primary school nurses work closely with students, teachers and parents. They can give you advice on positive parenting and nutrition. They often help teachers with education resources and with working out where to get extra help for students who need it.

A secondary school nurse is an RN who does general health checks for children aged 12-18 years. Secondary school nurses can give young people advice on making healthy lifestyle choices. They also aim to identify and reduce smoking, alcohol and other drug use, eating disorders, obesity, depression, self-harm and other risky behaviour.

Secondary school nurses often do health counselling, school activities and group work. They work closely with parents, teachers, social workers, school psychologists and guidance officers to get the best care for students.

Getting health advice from a nurse

For non-urgent health advice, you can call Healthdirect Australia on 1800 022 222 to speak with a registered nurse.

Too funny these mini-cakes for your greedy! And they have a grenadine heart ... who says better?


  • 50 cl of fresh cream
  • 20 cl of grenadine syrup
  • 3 eggs
  • 180 g of wheat flour Ebly
  • 50 g of hazelnuts in powder
  • 1 sachet of baking powder


Preheat your oven to 180 ° C (Tea 6)
Mix the liquid cream, grenadine syrup and eggs. Then add the flour, the hazelnuts powder and the bag of baking powder.
Pour into small fun molds and then ... in the oven for about 20 minutes.
Tip: Change the syrup to vary the flavors!

Photo: Axiane

Children's drawings and intelligence

Have you ever stopped to look at your child's drawings? Look at the features of his dolls. If the strokes are simple lines or add infinite details. See if her drawings are full of colors, if she draws earrings, a ring and even a ruffle on her dress for 'mother'. See if Dad is never missing his glasses or hat. If your son is four years old and adds details like these to his drawings, congratulations: you have a very intelligent son.

A recent study links the quality of the drawings of 4-year-olds with the IQ that they have not only with their years, but with what they will develop when they are 14. Does this mean that if my child does not draw well, he will not be intelligent? Do not.

Is the 'gift' or ease of drawing inherited? How does this gift relate to intelligence? Psychologists King's College London analyzed the drawings of more than 15,500 twins and twins. They wanted to see if twins (who share the same DNA) drew the same compared to twins (who only share half the genetic load). His suspicions were confirmed: The twins drew in the same way. The twins, no. Does this mean that the way of drawing can be inherited? The psychologists who have carried out the study assure that there is no 'drawing gene', but yes a predisposition. Whether or not to draw well depends on several factors. To the genetic load should be added:

- The child's ability to observe

- The development of fine motor skills

- The ability to capture space and proportions

- The child's creativity

Psychologists have analyzed children's drawings for many years. They don't just tell us things about how they feel. They don't just unmask emotions. They are also a portrait of his way of seeing things. And of course, his intelligence.

But this recent study has discovered something else: children's drawings don't just tell us the clever ones that a four-year-old is. It also tells us how smart he will be when he is 14.

But they don't want to scare parents with children who have trouble drawing. It does not mean that your child is not going to be smart. Intelligence does not depend only on how it is drawn. You may have a child who does not like to paint, but he is an artist assembling and disassembling everything he sees. Or perhaps you prefer to play a musical instrument. Or he stands out dancing.Each child has a specific ability. Discovering it and knowing how to take advantage of it is what makes you, without a doubt, intelligent.

You can read more articles similar to Children's drawings and intelligence, in the category of Intelligence on site.

Choking in children is very common in children, more than we think, so much so that it is the second leading cause of death in children under 3 years of age. It occurs when a piece of food or other object gets stuck in the upper or middle airways and prevents oxygen from reaching, not only the lungs, but also the brain. If the brain does not receive oxygen, irreversible brain damage or death could occur after 3 to 4 minutes.

It is, therefore, essential that parents know what can cause suffocation in children, sometimes the danger is closer than we imagine.

It has happened to many parents and we have lived with horror that moment when the baby chokes and changes color as he opens his eyes and tries to get air. It is really distressing, they are seconds that seem eternal.

The pediatrician of my young son already warned me in his day, the curiosity of the children, the little carelessness and the ignorance of the parents make that children come to the consultations who have swallowed batteries, marbles, clips, coins, earrings, screws, Safety pins, little toys ... The list is as long as it is surprising.

The danger in these cases is that objects get stuck in the glottis and prevent the child from breathing. To avoid this, parents have to follow these tips:

1. Identify which objects could cause the baby to suffocate and put them aside: buttons, marbles, coins, small pieces of toys, balloons ...

2. Watch the child while eating: never leave him alone, any small piece of food, and even liquid that goes wrong, could cause suffocation.

3. Cut food into small pieces. Make sure they are the right size, one of the foods that cause the most suffocation in children is the sausages that cut into slices are the size of the glottis and can get stuck in it.

4. Avoid certain foodsCandy, nuts or other solid foods could choke your baby. Each food has its age and its stage.

5. Never feed your child or baby while running, plays, walks, is jumping or laughing, it is likely that you could choke.

6. Do not have toys that are not suitable for their age within the child's reach. There are games that have small pieces, very attractive for the little ones who tend to put them in their mouths.

7. Avoid older siblings giving you food or dangerous toys for a younger child.

8. Never use bottles, pacifiers and other baby products that are not certified and guaranteed for the use of young children. Pieces could break off and be swallowed by the baby.

9. It is important that you are prepared to know what to doLearn what first aid techniques to use if a child or baby chokes.

10. Be an example for your children. Do not suck caps off pens, bracelets, or any other small object. Children always observe and imitate our behavior.

You can read more articles similar to 10 things you should do to prevent your child from choking, in the First Aid category on site.