At what age should I buy a phone for my child?

Ronalda: origin and meaning of the name for girl Ronalda

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Pregnancy and depression

a mental disorder
is one of the most common disorders in the world. It affects the person's emotions, thoughts and behaviors as well as body health. The depressed individual, even the routine things he does all the time, turns into fatigue. Depression is definite
treatment is possible.
Sometimes everyone can find himself exhausted, bad, alone and so on. It feels. Medical
the meaning
for depression
much different from feeling temporarily bad for a time
having something
must. the people
Great functionality
degree of harm

In addition to genetic predisposition, the mixed interaction of brain and body function changes plays a role in the development of
It is. Depression own
can also be seen as a result of the disease. Therefore, the prevalence of depression before, during and after pregnancy can be very high.
years of pregnancy
While it is seen as a koruyucu protective process for psychiatric diseases günümüzde, this opinion is not approved today. Because women are pregnant
self-realization and
as perceived as a source of happiness; stress, anxiety, and a serious burden on the negative emotional effects such as may occur
as a process.
Most women during pregnancy
and have a positive attitude. The increase in secretion of some hormones is positive
it is like preparing the ground for a mood. However, women
10% depression during pregnancy

New Pampers Active Baby keeps moisture away from baby's skin throughout the night

New Pampers Active Baby keeps moisture away from baby's skin throughout the night

Moisture free nights for energetic mornings

Uninterrupted sleep is extremely important in the development of young children. Enjoying a good night's sleep, the little ones wake up well and are ready to enjoy the unique moments with their parents. Because he knows how precious these moments are for moms, where the baby wakes up smiling happily, Pampers has created the new Pampers Active Baby, which offers up to 12 hours of protection against moisture at night.

The new Pampers Active Baby and Pampers New Baby diapers contain an extra absorbent layer for sleep, which absorbs moisture much faster, so that the little ones can have a quiet sleep of up to 12 hours. Pampers understands the importance of uninterrupted sleep for both infants and small explorers, which is why the Pampers Active Baby range is available for all sizes: Pampers New Baby (1-2) and PampersActiveBaby (3-6).

A baby can sleep up to 20 hours a day, and up to the age of two, a child spends more time sleeping than engaging in other activities. Sleep is especially important in the further development of the baby, the quantitative and qualitative factors of a healthy sleep must be respected: the lack of interruptions caused by the frequent awakening, the sleep stages being in adequate quantities.

Pampers Active Baby ensures the comfort of sleep of the little one, waking up energetic and agile, ready to interact with family members. Also, the well-being of the mother depends on the well-being of the baby - the more he sleeps quieter, without interruptions, the more the mother feels and she is better and more willing to interact with the baby.

"Sleep is very important not only for the baby, but for the whole family. Many mothers ask me what they can do to help the little ones sleep well at night, to make the day more active, more sociable. It is very important to take care that for the little ones to sleep well, because the interval between dreams is very valuable, it is the period in which they accumulate, learn, play, develop. Also, growing up in a happy and relaxed family has many long-term benefits in what is about child development, "explains psychologist Cristiana Haica, a Pampers expert.

During the day, a baby produces, on average, 150 ml of urine / diaper. At night, however, the amount of urine increases to about 220 ml. The new Pampers Active Baby diapers absorb more fluid, absorb moisture faster, giving your baby a truly restful sleep. Due to its high absorption capacity, the new layer of Pampers Active Baby reactivates quickly, being able to absorb a new amount of fluid, even after a few hours after first use.

"Sleep disturbance due to frequent interruptions can damage both the further development of the baby and family harmony. The moments when the little one urinates are vulnerable because the awakening is almost inevitable. But with Pampers Active Baby, the discomfort is not felt by the baby , because the absorption is done immediately, and the skin remains dry and clean, for a long time, "explains Poxers expert Pediatrician Roxana Rusu Pusca.

Pampers Active Baby is the best solution for protecting the baby's skin during the night, keeping the skin healthy and dry for 12 hours and ensuring all the comfort of a quality sleep.

In addition to the extra absorbent layer for the sleep period, Pampers Active Baby also comes with:

  • elastic side straps that stretch or contract depending on the baby's movements, for a firm and at the same time flexible attachment;
  • soft material such as cotton that allows the skin to breathe;
  • anatomical fit, ensuring unbeatable protection against friction;
  • protective lotion from aloe vera.

Don't forget the Pampers Baby Fresh wet towels, for a sensation of freshness as after the bath, anywhere, anytime!

For information on developing and caring for your little one, enter or on the Facebook Lumea.mamicilor, in the section Ask the experts. Pediatrician Roxana Rusu Pusca and psychologist Cristiana Haica are always waiting for you with advice for you and your angel.

Tags Diapers pampers

6 tricks for a perfect pedicure

It is not always easy to do your own pedicure, due to the uncomfortable position you have during the work, as well as the lack of experience in this field. With a little skill and armed with some practical secrets, you can achieve a perfect pedicure, without any help. This is why you need to be careful when nailing your feet and taking care of your soles, to always have beautiful and perfectly arranged legs!

Don't scratch your fingertips!

Although the method of scraping is still practiced, it is not the best idea. Besides the fact that it favors the development of larger and larger bats, it also carries a very high risk of infection. The most recommended and safe is to soak your soles in water and rub your heels with pumice stone or use a special battery to remove dead cells from the surface of the skin.

Disinfect well the pedicure kit!

Before you start cutting and trimming nails, removing cuticles and other procedures involved in making a pedicure, make sure that all working tools are carefully disinfected to avoid infections. There are special solutions for disinfecting such utensils, and if you do not have, you can use the spirit in the last resort.

Carefully remove the cuticles!

The pedicure specialists do not recommend cutting the cuticles with the scissors or other tools for removing them, not even with gel. If you can avoid their removal and they are not aesthetic, leave them that way. But if they are unsightly and require removal, always use their soaking gel and remove them with a clean battery by gently pressing on their edge. Avoid cutting or cutting the cuticles, as it stimulates their growth and puts you at risk of infections.

Always use fingerprints!

Whether you clean and trim your nails, cut your cuticles or peel at your toenails, always use your nails. It makes it very easy for you to work on each finger. Otherwise, either you risk injuring your other fingers, or you eat garlic everywhere.

Get moisturizing and nourishing cream!

From the ritual of making the pedicure must not miss the cream. It is very important to give yourself a special foot cream, to moisturize the skin and prevent the appearance of bruises and other foot problems.

Do not leave the nail on the nail for more than two weeks!

Pay attention to the period of time you leave the nail on the nail. A period of more than two weeks favors nail staining and their deterioration. To avoid staining the nails, give yourself a coat of colorless varnish before applying colored nail. The lake pigment is the one that contributes to the staining of the nails. The colorless lake keeps the nail clean and, if it has vitamins, protects it from the damage caused by the substances in the peel.

What secrets do you know about pedicure? Do you have any special tricks that help make your pedicure easier? Share your tips in the comments section below!

Tags Beauty women Nail care

Calendar of first names of saints in july

Building your family when you're LGBTQ

If you're lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer and want to have children, there are many ways to become a parent. Depending on your personal situation, age, budget, and other considerations, you may decide to pursue just one of the options outlined below, or more than one at the same time.

Your LGBTQ parenting journey: Questions to ask

Before you start your parenting journey, here are some important questions to consider.

  • Is having children who are biologically related to you important? Not important? Or somewhere in between?
  • What's your budget?
  • How many children do you want to have?
  • What's the ideal timing for you? This depends on many factors, from physical (a woman's fertility diminishes with age, for example) to personal (you want to have children around the same time as close friends or family, for example).
  • If you're married or in a committed relationship, do you and your partner agree about whether, when, and how to have kids?
  • If you're single, do you have a good support system?
  • Are you prepared to weather the process of becoming a parent? It may take more time or money than expected and hit frustrating bumps.

Family Equality Council specialists are available online to answer your questions.

Deciding how to build your family

The good news: You have lots of options. The bad news? You have to make some decisions. But once you're sure you want to proceed, you can begin the exploration and work of deciding which path to parenthood is best for you. To understand the basics of your choices in various scenarios – and why you might choose one over another – read on.

Option: Insemination

Why you would choose it: You (or your partner) would like to carry a child.

You can pursue insemination by an unknown donor – or by a known donor such as a friend or relative. Sperm banks have become more welcoming in recent years to lesbian, bisexual, and queer women who want to parent singly or as a couple.

Before trying to get pregnant, it's a good idea to have a medical workup to determine your ability to conceive. And if you're in a lesbian relationship, you'll need to decide which one of you wants to carry a baby, or if you both want to try.

Unknown donors

If you'd like to use an anonymous donor, you'll go through a sperm bank. You don't have to find a bank near you, either. Alice Ruby, executive director of The Sperm Bank of California (TSBC), recommends choosing a bank based on its policies rather than its location, because most banks will ship sperm across the country.

To help you choose an anonymous donor, sperm banks supply information such as the donor's height, weight, hair and eye color, ethnic background, health history, and profession. All donors undergo detailed medical screening for things like HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Every sperm bank is different. So before choosing one, find out whether the one you're considering is LGBTQ friendly and read its policy statements carefully. There are even banks that specialize in serving lesbian couples and single women.

Also ask whether the bank has an identity-release program and how it works. Typically, a bank that uses identity release (also called "open donor") will release donor contact information to your child at age 18.

Known donors
Some lesbian couples and single women choose a friend or relative as a donor.

If you'd like to use a known donor, you can skip the sperm bank and use a more home-grown approach. This can save you a lot of money.

You also have the option of using a sperm bank to medically screen and store your known donor's sperm. Sperm banks typically refer to known donors as "directed donors."

Either way, it's important to recognize that using a known donor often comes with complicated legal and personal implications. (For more details, see "Legal issues," below.)

You have to decide and agree on the future relationship (if any) between your child and the donor. Do you want this person to play the role of a parent or other close relative, have a more distant relationship, or have no relationship at all with your child?

Method of insemination
Your insemination options and how and where insemination takes place depend on who your donor is and a few other factors.

If you're using a sperm bank for an unknown or known donor

Sperm can usually be picked up or shipped to you. Sperm is perishable so it has to be shipped properly to make sure it's still viable when it gets to you. And then you can choose to be inseminated at home or in a medical setting.

VI (vaginal insemination): Sperm is deposited in the vagina near the cervix, using a variety of simple methods. It can be done at home or in a medical setting. You can choose to use "washed" or "unwashed" sperm. Washed sperm is more expensive but may give you a better chance at pregnancy.

IUI (intrauterine insemination): Sperm is delivered through the cervix and deposited inside the uterus by a medical professional. You have to use "washed" sperm for this procedure.

If you're not using a sperm bank

There are various ways of collecting and using sperm from a known donor. Typically it happens at home. For help figuring out the logistics of getting pregnant with donated sperm, search online using terms such as "at home insemination" and "insemination with syringe or cup."

VI (vaginal insemination): Fresh sperm is deposited in the vagina near the cervix. It may be injected with a syringe or held near the cervix with some sort of cup. This is the only method available if you're not using a sperm bank, because the washed sperm you need for IUI is not an option. You can do it on your own or have a trained professional such as a midwife help you.

Cost: Expense varies based on many factors, including the health and age of the prospective parent and whether fertility treatments are involved. As of December 2016, at The Sperm Bank of California, a 1-cc vial of frozen sperm for use at home cost $640. The price goes up to $720 per vial for "washed" sperm (required if you're doing IUI). And if you're doing IUI, you'd have to pay the additional cost of having someone perform the procedure.

Legal issues
There are usually no legal hurdles when you use an unknown donor through a sperm bank.

If you work with a known donor – with or without a sperm bank – proceed with caution.

Where you live can affect your decisions because state laws vary. Most experts agree it's essential to sign a sperm-donor agreement before conception to protect yourself and your donor. You may want to consider having insemination done by a doctor, depending on the laws in your state.

In many (but not all) states, if the procedure is done by a doctor, the donor is not considered the legal father. But if it's done at home, the donor's status is much less clear. In other words: Get the legal scoop for your state before you try to get pregnant.

If you've asked a friend to be a donor, it may feel very clinical to ask that person to sit down with a lawyer and hash out the details. But it can save you a lot of grief down the line.

A typical agreement spells out details such as:

  • How much contact (if any) the donor can have with your child
  • That the donor does (or does not) give up all rights to parenthood
  • That the recipient(s) do (or do not) relinquish any claim to child support.

You can find sample agreements on the websites of attorneys who specialize in reproductive law and on LGBTQ parenting websites.

Whether you use a known or an unknown donor, if you're in a committed relationship, the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) recommends that the nonbiological parent legally adopt your baby – even if you're married and she's on the birth certificate.

This legal procedure, known as a second-parent adoption, allows a same-sex parent to adopt, whether or not the couple is legally married.

Option: Using a surrogate

Why you would choose it: You can't or don't want to carry a baby, but you want your child to be genetically related to you

A surrogate is someone who agrees to carry a child for someone else. Her pregnancy could result from artificial insemination (which uses her egg, making her biologically related to the child) or from a fertilized egg transferred to her uterus (gestational surrogacy).

How surrogacy works
The future parent or parents and the surrogate sign a legal agreement that details such issues as parental rights, custody, payment of medical bills, control over medical decisions, where the baby will be born, and the surrogate's medical history. It also spells out financial arrangements, such as how the surrogate will be compensated, payment of legal fees, and even who pays for maternity clothes.

Depending on your situation, needs, and family plans, the eggs or sperm can be from a partner, a relative or friend, or a donor. Some male gay couples have half the eggs fertilized with sperm from one of them and half with sperm from the other – giving each a chance at becoming a biological father.

With surrogacy, you can be part of your child's life from the beginning, attending doctor visits, hearing the baby's heartbeat, and witnessing each stage of pregnancy.

Be prepared to spend $100,000, according to Eric Rosswood, author of Journey to Same-Sex Parenthood. This covers agency and lawyer fees, part of the surrogate's expenses, and medical expenses. In addition, the cost of fertilization or delivery may not be covered by insurance.

Legal issues
Laws vary from state to state. For example, in New York, it's illegal to hire a surrogate. In California, the process is legal, and there are agencies that specialize in connecting parents with potential surrogates.

Option: Adoption

Why you would choose it: You don't have strong feelings about carrying a baby or being genetically related to your child.

Adoption is a common route to parenthood for LGBTQ parents. It can be a lengthy process, and there are many ways to go about it, including domestic private- or public-agency adoption, adoption from foster, independent domestic adoption, and international adoption. (See our tips and solutions for adopting as an LGBTQ parent.)

You have to decide:

  • Whether you want to adopt an infant or an older child
  • Whether you're open to adopting a child of a different race or with special needs
  • How long you're willing to wait
  • Whether you want to pursue a domestic or international adoption (If you choose a domestic adoption, you may be able to have a relationship with the birth mother or birth family.)
  • What your budget is. Costs vary greatly, depending which route you take.

Laws related to adoption by single-sex couples and LGBTQ parents vary from state to state and country to country, so it's a good idea to consult a lawyer before deciding which route to take.

If you decide to work with an attorney for private adoption, speak to a few to find the right fit, suggests Suzanne Nichols, a New York attorney who specializes in adoption. Look for lawyers who have experience with LGBTQ parents, and vet your choices with the American Academy of Adoption Attorneys.

There are private adoption agencies and public ones, such as county social services. Public agencies usually place children who are wards of the state, such as orphans or children who have been abandoned or abused. Private agencies generally place children whose birth family is not able to support a child.

Parenting can begin – and offer an ongoing, deeply rewarding experience – with fostering a child whose current parents can no longer care for him or her or whose parental rights have been terminated, due to neglect or incarceration, for example.

If you're looking for a lower-cost way to legally adopt, foster-to-adoption might be the right choice. The vast majority of children adopted from foster care receive a subsidy. This removes some of the financial barriers families face and helps them meet any special needs the child may have.

Adopting a foster child can be a long process. Prospective parents should plan on spending nine to 18 months for a home study, orientation, and preparation classes. Licensing requirements vary from state to state.

Additionally, there may be legal issues for LGBTQ parents who want to foster-to-adopt. Right now, only seven states have laws upholding the rights of LGBTQ people to foster, and Nebraska prohibits it. A bill called the Every Child Deserves a Family Act, which would prohibit federally funded child-welfare agencies from discriminating against adoptive families on the basis of sexual orientation, was introduced in the Senate in 2015, but it has yet to get to a vote.

Independent domestic adoption
In an independent adoption, no agency is involved. Prospective adoptive parents either deal directly with the birth parents or choose a go-between, such as a lawyer who specializes in adoption. Attorneys then guide prospective parents in dealing with paperwork and submitting filings to court.

Independent domestic adoptions can be either open or closed. If the adoption is closed, the child and his or her new family will have no contact with the birth parents and the records are sealed. If the adoption is open, the adoptive parents and birth parents may have contact before the baby is born and the new parents may maintain some level of contact.

International adoption
International adoption was a viable option for LGBTQ parents a decade ago, but it has become increasingly difficult.

If you're part of a couple and decide to pursue international adoption, you can choose to have only one of you present as the adopting parent. Then the second parent may adopt once the child is on U.S. soil. You're legally required to answer honestly, though, if the foreign government asks if you're lesbian or gay.

Legal and other issues
Each state has its own laws on adoption, and they can be bewildering. Spending some of your budget on a trusted local agency or attorney to guide you through the process will save a lot of headaches.

Your journey to parenthood may require some planning and paperwork, but building a family is a wonderful life experience. Good luck!

This is a Family Matter. Mathilde Petford. TEDxWolverhampton

It's not easy to talk! Causes of fatigue and stuttering

The tongue, face and lips are the most delicate, most delicate movements, and this is why it is the most painful. Fortunately, various types of speech disorder turn out to be a problem.

The "little kids" are nice, healthy, and just in development, there is just a small underdevelopment. They are the ones with which parents, on the advice of a specialist, go to various developmental jobs for a shorter or longer period of time. We only know that a children with speech disorder these benefits can often be found among them. When the child does not begin to speak even at the age of three, it is first and foremost important to exclude the possibility of hearing loss and autism. Everything else (madness, stuttering) only comes after this.

Some people shit…

What indicates a problem?
THE pцszesйg Contrary to popular belief, not only "r", but any speech is a wrong pronunciation. If it is limited to a single voice, it is not necessary to deal with it until the age of large groups. You only need a previous developer if the child's general speech development causes it or if you miss multiple sound groups.What can cause it?
There may be a minor developmental disorder in the background, or the child's tongue may be sloppy or weak. But you also need to know that voice learning has its own order, and "r" is the last one. So if the kid is a bit rickety, then you have to wait for a big group, because by that time the heavier voices are usually arranged by themselves.

Learning to speak is not easy, be patient with your child

Will it die?
In kindergarten, the specialist observes the speech developer. If the situation does not improve in time, the speech therapist will help with many practices, in personal work, to correct the error.What can a baby do?
A lot of sayings, tales, talks and of course the personal example of a person helped a lot. But it is strictly forbidden to raise a child out of self-care at home. Mostly, the parent cannot professionally explain to the child how to spin the "r". Often, with many "rape-radish-peanuts," the child learns to pronounce the desired sound, but in the wrong place, with the wrong technique, and if it stings, it's a lot more work to repair than if you hadn't started.

Some stutter…

What indicates a problem?
Nйmi stuttering many children occur around the age of three. The little one wants to be listened to, so he wants to say a lot at a time. If parents do not deal with this, they usually think for themselves, but if you do not have a half-year grace period, it is worth turning to speech therapist.What can cause it?
By the age of three, there is a lot of stress in the lives of children. This is when he starts to come to the most small kindergarten, when the little brother is born. The tensions that move with this can make a child crunchy; and this is accentuated by the fact that it gets less attention. It is worth paying attention to whether someone with a family history of migraine, allergies or asthma occurs in the family.Will it die?
When anxiety is relieved, they usually think without a trace. But whoever he came to, he will probably stutter again in other critical periods of his life. What can a baby do?
In no way should you warn or warn your child about it, and especially do not punish it. Stuttering is a sign that you are asking for little attention. In this case, it helps more if you talk to him more slowly, he turns up and looks into his eyes. All of this soothes and speaks at a slower pace, and this solves the sting, so does the stuttering. Rather than interrupting your speech, you are asking for the stuttering - the child wants some time and more play.
Specialist: Judit Bognber, speech therapist at the Folkworld Speechwriting Institute These will also be useful:
  • This is how the child learns to speak
  • Everything about early childhood speech development
  • Baby Signs: Say and Show?
  • "Come to me, baby!" - About the speechless development
  • When to stop the pacifier?

    When to stop the pacifier?

    Distressed by the crying of your baby, you chose the pacifier that you had sworn not to use! Is it possible to back down? If before 2 months, it can easily be replaced, it is complicated then /

    Before 2 months, the pacifier is easily replaced

    • A toddler feels that he has something in his mouth, but he has not yet identified the pacifier as an outside object. If you take it away, il will not really realize it.
    • But at this age,the suction responds to a physiological need. This activity triggers the secretion of endorphins, the famous hormones of pleasure. As soon as the pacifier is stolen, your baby will only have one idea: replace it. At the risk of taking his thumb, he is likely to find around the eighth week, or to fall back on a corner of cloth or bib. Even begin to suck his lower lip. You should know that babies who are frustrated pacifiers require more bottles or stay longer at the breast.

    From 3 months, weaning becomes difficult

    • For 80% of moms, the third month marks the return to active life and the need to wean your baby if you are breastfeeding. The pacifier, whose texture is designed today to resemble that of your breast, can help it to negotiate smoothly this first turning of life. Placed in nursery or at a nanny's place, your toddler needs more comfort than ever. To deprive him of pacifier during this key period is really bad.
      • Your child is in the middle of the oral phase. The pleasure of feeding himself and of sucking his nipple are intimately linked to him. To forbid him one is to forbid him the other! Some babies take their mom literally and refuse to eat: this is called anorexia infant.

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